Dwelling stock

Producer: Statistics Finland
Homepage: http:// www.stat.fi/til/asu/index_en.html
Main topic: Housing
Related topics: Construction
Official Statistics of Finland (OSF): Yes
European Statistical System (ESS): No


These statistics on the dwelling stock describe the existing stock and number of dwellings on the last day of the year. The dwelling stock comprises both permanently occupied dwellings and dwellings and flats without permanent occupants. The statistics provide data on the dwelling stock by variables like type of building and number of rooms. Statistics on the dwelling stock can be produced according to all regional divisions based on municipalities and co-ordinates, as well as by postal code area. Statistics Finland receives most of the data on dwellings from the population information system of the Population Register Centre, into which municipal building inspection authorities report data concerning buildings and dwellings that are subject to building permits. The statistics on the dwelling stock constitute total data.

Data content

The dwelling stock can be described by the type of house (detached houses, attached houses, blocks of flats), type of dwelling (one-room, two-room dwelling, etc.), tenure status (rental, owner-occupied dwelling) and by area. Residential homes are not included in the dwelling stock. A dwelling refers to a room or a suite of rooms, which is intended for year-round habitation, is furnished with a cooking area and has its own entrance. According to the Statistics Act, individual-based data are confidential.

Classifications used

The classifications used in the statistics on the dwelling stock are such as the classification of buildings, or the classification of buildings by intended use (residential buildings: detached houses, attached houses and blocks of flats) and different regional divisions based on municipalities. The statistics are produced by regional divisions based on the grouping of municipalities, such as the whole country, province, region, sub-regional unit and municipality. The data can also be produced by postal code area and by regional divisions based on map co-ordinates, such as classifications of municipalities' sub-areas.

Data collection methods and data sources

The statistics on the dwelling stock are compiled mainly from the data of the Population Information System of the Population Register Centre.

Updating frequency

The statistics are produced yearly. The data describe the situation on the last day of the year.

Time of completion or release

The basic data are complete in October and the publication is issued in December.

Time series

The data have been produced yearly from 1987. Prior to that, corresponding data have been collected in population censuses in 1950, 1960, 1970, 1975, 1980 and 1985.


Contact information


Last updated 19.05.2009