Frequently asked questions

This page contains questions and answers related to statistics and data search. You can get help in finding statistical information by telephone from the Information Services at +358 29 551 2220. You can also ask about statistics with the web form.

Frequently asked questions related to data collections can be found in the Data collections section.

Where can I find statistics?

The official publication site for statistical data is the tilastokeskus.fi pages. Every set of statistics has its own home page and tables page. On the tables page, you can find ready appendix tables and a link to the database tables of the statistics. The most detailed data are published in database tables. The database service containing all database tables is called StatFin.

You can search for statistics based on the name, topic and keywords on the “Are you looking for statistics?” page.

How do I know if the message I received comes from Statistics Finland?

Statistics Finland sends a letter or an email in advance to the persons selected for the survey. It contains information on what data will be collected, how the data are collected and for what the data will be used. You can make sure that the message you received is appropriate, because you can find all the inquiries made by Statistics Finland at data collection pages. Statistics Finland never asks for your personal details or other information by email.

Among those who have answered its voluntary data collections, Statistics Finland yearly draws prizes, such as vouchers. Winning a prize never requires making any payments or giving payment details.

Where can I find gross domestic product and GDP calculated per person?

Information about gross domestic product can be found in the Finland in Figures service under National Accounts. More detailed statistical data concerning GDP can be found in the database tables of National Accounts, where you find time series data on GDP and national income at current prices, and key figures calculated by person.

Where can I find information about exports and imports of goods?

Information about exports and imports of goods between Finland and other countries can be found in the foreign trade of goods statistics compiled by Finnish Customs.

Where can I find price information for food?

For example, the price development of milk or coffee can be found in the database tables of the Consumer Price Index under the heading “Average prices of commodities”. By clicking ‘Choose table’ you can see how the prices have changed. It should be noted that prices of all commodities included have not been collected every year.

How can I find the population of a municipality in the whole year and by month?

The population by municipality can be found in the StatFin database, where they are also available by region and hospital district, for example.

How many people live in Finland?

Key population statistics can be found in the Population section of the Finland in Figures service. More detailed data on Finland's population are available in the statistics on population structure and database tables.

Also read our Population structure publications that are available free of charge in PDF format.

What is Finland's population projection?

The population section of the Finland in Figures service contains a condensed population projection table.

More detailed data on the population projection are available in the statistics on population projection and database tables.

Also read our Population projection publications that are available free of charge in PDF format.

How many foreigners are there in Finland?

The Population Structure statistics include an appendix table "Religious affiliation of the population, share of population".

How many representatives of different religions or religious communities are there in Finland?

The Population Structure statistics include an appendix table "Religious affiliation of the population, share of population".

It should be noted that in Finland only persons belonging to religious communities are included in statistics and not all persons practising a religion belong to religious communities.

What are the most popular first names of men and women?

The Population Register Centre publishes information on the numbers of first and last names in Finland.

Where can I find information about the causes of death of Finns?

The statistics on causes of death contain data on the causes of death of Finns, also the number of suicides. More detailed data on causes of death can be found in the database tables.

Where can I get a death certificate?

The closest relative (in a direct line) or a similar close person may obtain a copy of the death certificate. The death certificates from 1936 to 1965 are located in the National Archive. More recent death certificates are archived at Statistics Finland. Instructions for requesting a copy of the certificate can be found on the page of the archive of death certificates.

Where can I find industrial classifications?

An easy way to search for industrial classifications is to use the Classification expert (in Finnish only). The Classification expert can help you to find the correct category by means of a search word.

How do I find information on various occupations?

Information on the descriptions of various occupations can be found in the Classification of Occupations.

Information about occupations can also be found in the employment statistics.

What is the average pay of Finns? What about the average pays for various occupations?

The average monthly pay can be derived from Appendix table 11 "Average monthly earnings by employer sector and gender" of the latest release of the Index of wage and salary earnings.

Average pays by occupation can be found in the Structure of earnings statistics

More detailed information about wages and salaries by occupational title is available in the database tables by employer sector.

Why do the statistics of Statistics Finland and the Ministry of Economic Affairs and Employment differ from each other?

The figures of the statistics of Statistics Finland and of the Ministry of Economic Affairs and Employment have always deviated from each other. The main reason for the differences is the differing definition of unemployed. A comparison of the statistics is available on the page of the Labour Force Survey: Comparison between the employment statistics of Statistics Finland and the Ministry of Economic Affairs and Employment

Where can I find selling prices of dwellings by area?

The selling prices of dwellings are released monthly in the statistics on prices of dwellings in housing companies.

Data on prices of single-family houses can be found in the statistics on real estate prices.

Where can I find average rents for dwellings?

The statistics on rents of dwellings are released quarterly. The statistics contain the rents of government-subsidised and non-subsidised dwellings by area and number of rooms. The annual statistics also contain data by year of construction.

How many free-time residences are there in Finland?

Statistics Finland publishes data on the number of free-time residences in the statistics on buildings and free-time residences. Data on free-time residences are available by year of construction, floor area and municipality of residence.

Data on free-time residences by municipality can be found in the Buildings and free-time residences database tables.

How many saunas are there in Finland?

The exact number of all saunas is not known. Information about saunas can be found in the Finland in Figures service that has information on the number of saunas in apartments and an estimate of all saunas.

Data on saunas in apartments can also be found in Appendix table 5 "Dwelling stock and amenities" of the statistics on dwellings and housing conditions.

How many people in Finland are poor or at risk of poverty?

There is no official definition for the poverty line, so the number of poor persons is subject to interpretation. Persons are classified as being at-risk-of-poverty when their household’s income is below 60 per cent of the median income of households (definition of low income). Information about persons at risk of poverty is found in the income distribution statistics.

How many single parents are there?

Previously, the term single supporter families was used in statistics, but as a result of social changes and custody considerations, the concept of single-parent families has been taken into use. For example, joint custody cannot be taken into account in the statistics.

Information on the number of single parents is available in the Population section of the Finland in Figures service that contains statistics on families formed by a mother and children or a father and children.

More detailed statistical data are available in the Families statistics.

Also read our Families publications that are available free of charge in PDF format.

How many singles are there?

Information about the number of singles or one-person household-dwelling units is available from the Population section of the Finland in Figures service.

Information about household-dwelling units is also available from the statistics on dwellings and housing conditions.

Most detailed information on household-dwelling units is available in the database tables of dwellings and housing conditions.

Also read our Dwellings and housing conditions publications that are available free of charge in PDF format.

How many old people live alone?

The number of old people living alone can be found in the database table of dwellings and housing conditions “Household-dwelling units by number of persons and type of building and age and sex of the oldest person”. Click first in the table “Choose table” and after that select the desired area and years, one person as the household-dwelling unit and persons aged over 65 as the age groups.