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Latest publication: Consumer price index 2019, April

Published: 14 November 2014

Inflation slowed down to 1,0 per cent in October

The year-on-year change in consumer prices calculated by Statistics Finland was 1.0 per cent in October. In September it stood at 1.3 per cent. The inflation slowed down particularly because prices of vegetables went down.

Inflation indicators in Finland, October 2014

  Point figure      Year-on-year change Change on one month
Consumer Price Index 2010=100 109,4 1,0 % -0,2 %
Cost-of-living Index 1951:10=100 1 916    
Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices 2005=100 122,3 1,2 % -0,2 %
Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices at Constant Taxes 2005=100 119,1 0,7 % -0,2 %

In October, consumer prices were pushed up most from the previous year by risen rents, increases in the retail prices of tobacco products and alcoholic beverages, and higher prices of restaurant and café services. The rising of consumer prices was curbed most in October by fallen prices of food, liquid fuels, entertainment electronics and detached houses from the year before. From September to October, consumer prices fell by 0.2 per cent, primarily because the prices of liquid fuels, food and reimbursable prescription medicines went down.

Each mid-month, Statistics Finland's interviewers collect altogether around 50,000 prices on nearly 500 commodities from approximately 2,700 outlets for the Consumer Price Index. In addition, some 1,000 items of price data are gathered by centralised collection. The Consumer Price Index 2010=100 Handbook for Users is available on the CPI-home page (www.stat.fi).

According to preliminary data, inflation in the euro area was 0.4 per cent in October

According to the preliminary data on the Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices, the rate of inflation in the euro area was 0.4 per cent in October. In September it stood at 0.3 per cent. The inflation for Finland calculated in the same manner was 1.2 per cent in October.

The Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices does not include owner-occupancy, games of chance, interests on consumption and other credits, fire insurance on owner-occupied dwellings or the vehicle tax. The consumption items included in the Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices, as well as the rules governing its compilation, have been defined in EU regulations.

Eurostat’s estimate of inflation in the euro area is based on preliminary data from the Member States and on the price development of energy. Eurostat will publish detailed data on Harmonised Indices of Consumer Prices for October on 14 November. Information of inflation in EU countries is available on Eurostat homepage, eurostat (http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat).

The year-on-year change in the Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices at Constant Taxes was 0.7 per cent in October

The year-on-year change in the Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices stood at 1.2 per cent in October and that in the Index at Constant Taxes measuring market inflation at 0.7 per cent. Over twelve months, the changes in commodity tax rates thus boosted consumer prices by 0.5 percentage points. The month-on-month change in both the Harmonised Index and the Index of Consumer Prices at Constant Taxes was -0.2 per cent in October. There were no changes in tax rates in October.

Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices at Constant Taxes

The inflation measured by Consumer Price Index consists mainly of products and services priced by enterprises and the public sector, and value added and commodity taxes. Some 25 per cent of the private consumption described by the Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices (HICP) consists of value added or other taxes. The Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices at Constant Taxes (HICP-CT) is based on the HICP so the two indices have the same weight structure and price data. HICP-CT is calculated with a method which holds the tax rate constant relative to the reference period. When tax changes take place, the impact of the tax change on commodity prices is eliminated from HICP-CT. The price impact of the tax changes is obtained by comparing the development of the HICP and HICP-CT.


Source: Consumer Price Index, Statistics Finland

Inquiries: Juhani Pekkarinen 029 551 3476, Kristiina Nieminen 029 551 2957, khi@stat.fi

Director in charge: Leena Storgårds

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Updated 14.11.2014

Referencing instructions:

Official Statistics of Finland (OSF): Consumer price index [e-publication].
ISSN=1799-0254. October 2014. Helsinki: Statistics Finland [referred: 26.5.2019].
Access method: http://www.stat.fi/til/khi/2014/10/khi_2014_10_2014-11-14_tie_001_en.html