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Latest publication: Consumer price index 2019, April

Published: 13 March 2015

Inflation -0.1 per cent in February

The year-on-year change in consumer prices calculated by Statistics Finland was -0.1 per cent in February. In January, inflation stood at -0.2 per cent. Inflation remained negative particularly as a result of lower prices of liquid fuels, owner-occupied dwellings, dairy products, cheese and eggs compared to February 2014.

Inflation indicators in Finland, February 2015

  Point figure      Year-on-year change Change on one month
Consumer Price Index 2010=100 108,6 -0,1% 0,3 %
Cost-of-living Index 1951:10=100 1 902    
Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices 2005=100 121,4 -0,1 % 0,3 %
Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices at Constant Taxes 2005=100 118,0 -0,3 % 0,3 %

In February, consumer prices were pushed up most by increases in rents, retail prices of tobacco products, and price increases in maintenance services of blocks of flats. The rising of consumer prices was curbed in February most by reductions in the prices of liquid fuels, owner-occupied housing and dairy products from the year before. From January to February, consumer prices rose by 0.3 per cent, which was primarily caused by higher prices of air transport, package tours and liquid fuels. From January to February, consumer prices decreased mainly due to cheaper bread, meat and dairy products.

Each mid-month, Statistics Finland's interviewers collect altogether around 50,000 prices on nearly 500 commodities from approximately 2,700 outlets for the Consumer Price Index. In addition, some 1,000 items of price data are gathered by centralised collection. The Consumer Price Index 2010=100 Handbook for Users is available on the CPI-home page (www.stat.fi).

According to preliminary data, inflation in the euro area slowed down to -0.3 per cent in February

According to the preliminary data on the Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices, the rate of inflation in the euro area was -0.3 per cent in February. In January, it was -0.5 per cent. The corresponding figure for Finland was -0.1 per cent in February.

The Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices does not include owner-occupancy, games of chance, interests on consumption and other credits, fire insurance on owner-occupied dwellings or the vehicle tax. The consumption items included in the Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices, as well as the rules governing its compilation, have been defined in EU regulations.

Eurostat’s estimate of inflation in the euro area is based on preliminary data from the Member States and on the price development of energy. Eurostat will publish detailed data on Harmonised Indices of Consumer Prices for February on 17 March. Information of inflation in EU countries is available on Eurostat homepage, eurostat (http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat).

The year-on-year change in the Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices at Constant Taxes was -0.3 per cent in February

The year-on-year change in the Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices stood at -0.1 per cent in February and that in the Index at Constant Taxes measuring market inflation at -0.3 per cent. Over twelve months, the combined raising impact on consumer prices from changes in commodity tax rates was thus 0.2 percentage points. The month-on-month change in the Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices was 0.3 per cent and that in the Index at Constant Taxes 0.3 per cent in February.

Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices at Constant Taxes

The inflation measured by Consumer Price Index consists mainly of products and services priced by enterprises and the public sector, and value added and commodity taxes. Some 25 per cent of the private consumption described by the Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices (HICP) consists of value added or other taxes. The Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices at Constant Taxes (HICP-CT) is based on the HICP so the two indices have the same weight structure and price data. HICP-CT is calculated with a method which holds the tax rate constant relative to the reference period. When tax changes take place, the impact of the tax change on commodity prices is eliminated from HICP-CT. The price impact of the tax changes is obtained by comparing the development of the HICP and HICP-CT.


Source: Consumer Price Index, Statistics Finland

Inquiries: Ilkka Lehtinen 029 551 3478, Kristiina Nieminen 029 551 2957, khi@stat.fi

Director in charge: Leena Storgårds

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Updated 13.3.2015

Referencing instructions:

Official Statistics of Finland (OSF): Consumer price index [e-publication].
ISSN=1799-0254. February 2015. Helsinki: Statistics Finland [referred: 26.5.2019].
Access method: http://www.stat.fi/til/khi/2015/02/khi_2015_02_2015-03-13_tie_001_en.html