A more recent publication of this set of statistics is available.

Latest publication: Consumer price index 2018, October

Published: 14 August 2018

Inflation 1.4 per cent in July

The year-on-year change in consumer prices calculated by Statistics Finland was 1.4 per cent in July. In June, inflation stood at 1.2 per cent. The rise in inflation from June to July was caused by higher prices of cigarettes, petrol and hotel rooms, for example.

Inflation indicators in Finland, July 2018

  Point figure Annual change (%) Monthly change (%)
Consumer Price Index 2015=100 102.2 1.4 -0.1
Cost-of-living Index 1951:10=100 1948    
Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices 2015=100 102.4 1.4 -0.2
Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices at Constant Taxes 2015=100 101.7 1.0 -0.3

Consumer prices were raised most in July by increases in the prices of cigarettes and fuels and costs of renovations from one year ago. The rising of consumer prices from one year back was curbed most by reductions in the prices of child day care, refundable prescription medicines, mobile phones, outdoor clothes and televisions. From June to July, consumer prices changed by -0.1 per cent, which was caused by fallen prices of women's clothes, for example.

As a result of legislative changes that entered into force at the beginning of July, the collection of prices on driving lessons and taxi journeys was renewed. The prices of taxi journeys are in future collected from all major regions. In the price monitoring of driving lessons the number of driving lessons are in future taken into account in calculating price changes. Based on the price monitoring in July, the prices of taxi journeys dropped by around four per cent, while the prices of driving lessons rose by around 20 per cent from June to July.

Each mid-month, Statistics Finland's interviewers collect altogether around 50,000 prices on nearly 470 commodities from approximately 2,700 outlets for the Consumer Price Index. In addition, some 1,000 items of price data are gathered by centralised collection.

According to preliminary data, inflation in the euro area was 2.1 per cent in July

According to the preliminary data on the Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices, the rate of inflation in the euro area was 2.1 per cent in July. In June, it was 2.0 per cent. The corresponding figure for Finland was 1.4 per cent in July.

The Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices does not include owner-occupancy, games of chance, interests on consumption and other credits, fire insurance on owner-occupied dwellings, the vehicle tax or fishing and hunting fees. The consumption items included in the Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices, as well as the rules governing its compilation, have been defined in EU regulations.

Eurostat’s estimate of inflation in the euro area is based on preliminary data from the Member States and on the price development of energy. Eurostat will publish detailed data on Harmonised Indices of Consumer Prices for July on 17 August. Information of inflation in EU countries is available on Eurostat homepage, (http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/web/main).

The year-on-year change in the Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices at Constant Taxes was 1.0 per cent in July

The year-on-year change in the Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices stood at 1.4 per cent in July and that in the Index at Constant Taxes measuring market inflation at 1.0 per cent. Over twelve months, the combined raising impact on consumer prices from changes in commodity tax rates was thus 0.4 percentage points. The month-on-month change in the Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices was -0.2 per cent and that in the Index at Constant Taxes -0.3 per cent in July. The excise duties on tobacco products was raised in July.

Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices at Constant Taxes

The inflation measured by Consumer Price Index consists mainly of products and services priced by enterprises and the public sector, and value added and commodity taxes. Some 25 per cent of the private consumption described by the Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices (HICP) consists of value added or other taxes. The Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices at Constant Taxes (HICP-CT) is based on the HICP so the two indices have the same weight structure and price data. HICP-CT is calculated with a method which holds the tax rate constant relative to the reference period. When tax changes take place, the impact of the tax change on commodity prices is eliminated from HICP-CT. The price impact of the tax changes is obtained by comparing the development of the HICP and HICP-CT.


Source: Consumer Price Index, Statistics Finland

Inquiries: Kristiina Nieminen 029 551 2957, Satu Montonen 029 551 3205, khi@stat.fi

Director in charge: Ville Vertanen

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Updated 14.8.2018

Referencing instructions:

Official Statistics of Finland (OSF): Consumer price index [e-publication].
ISSN=1799-0254. July 2018. Helsinki: Statistics Finland [referred: 19.11.2018].
Access method: http://www.stat.fi/til/khi/2018/07/khi_2018_07_2018-08-14_tie_001_en.html