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Latest publication: Consumer price index 2018, November

Published: 14 November 2018

Inflation 1.5 per cent in October

The year-on-year change in consumer prices calculated by Statistics Finland was 1.5 per cent in October. In September, inflation stood at 1.3 per cent. The slight increase in inflation from September to October was caused by, among other things, higher prices of electricity.

Inflation indicators in Finland, October 2018

  Point figure Annual change (%) Monthly change (%)
Consumer Price Index 2015=100 102.9 1.5 0.2
Cost-of-living Index 1951:10=100 1960    
Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices 2015=100 103.0 1.7 0.3
Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices at Constant Taxes 2015=100 102.4 1.3 0.3

Consumer prices were raised most in October by increases in the prices of electricity, petrol, capital repairs on detached house and cigarettes from one year ago. The rising of consumer prices from one year back was curbed most by reductions in prices of children's day care, mobile telephones and real estates. From September to October, consumer prices changed by 0.2 per cent, which was caused by the rise in electricity prices, for example.

Each mid-month, Statistics Finland's interviewers collect altogether around 50,000 prices on nearly 470 commodities from approximately 2,700 outlets for the Consumer Price Index. In addition, some 1,000 items of price data are gathered by centralised collection.

According to preliminary data, inflation in the euro area was 2.2 per cent in October

According to the preliminary data on the Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices, the rate of inflation in the euro area was 2.2 per cent in October. In September, it stood at 2.1 per cent. The corresponding figure for Finland was 1.7 per cent in October.

The Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices does not include owner-occupancy, games of chance, interests on consumption and other credits, fire insurance on owner-occupied dwellings, the vehicle tax or fishing and hunting fees. The consumption items included in the Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices, as well as the rules governing its compilation, have been defined in EU regulations.

Eurostat’s estimate of inflation in the euro area is based on preliminary data from the Member States and on the price development of energy. Eurostat will publish detailed data on Harmonised Indices of Consumer Prices for October on 16 November. Information of inflation in EU countries is available on Eurostat homepage, (http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/web/main).

The year-on-year change in the Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices at Constant Taxes was 1.3 per cent in October

The year-on-year change in the Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices stood at 1.7 per cent in October and that in the Index at Constant Taxes measuring market inflation at 1.3 per cent. Over twelve months, the combined raising impact on consumer prices from changes in commodity tax rates was thus 0.4 percentage points. The month-on-month change in the Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices was 0.3 per cent and that in the Index at Constant Taxes 0.3 per cent in October.

Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices at Constant Taxes

The inflation measured by Consumer Price Index consists mainly of products and services priced by enterprises and the public sector, and value added and commodity taxes. Some 25 per cent of the private consumption described by the Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices (HICP) consists of value added or other taxes. The Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices at Constant Taxes (HICP-CT) is based on the HICP so the two indices have the same weight structure and price data. HICP-CT is calculated with a method which holds the tax rate constant relative to the reference period. When tax changes take place, the impact of the tax change on commodity prices is eliminated from HICP-CT. The price impact of the tax changes is obtained by comparing the development of the HICP and HICP-CT.


Source: Consumer Price Index, Statistics Finland

Inquiries: Kristiina Nieminen 029 551 2957, Satu Montonen 029 551 3205, khi@stat.fi

Director in charge: Ville Vertanen

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Updated 14.11.2018

Referencing instructions:

Official Statistics of Finland (OSF): Consumer price index [e-publication].
ISSN=1799-0254. October 2018. Helsinki: Statistics Finland [referred: 19.12.2018].
Access method: http://www.stat.fi/til/khi/2018/10/khi_2018_10_2018-11-14_tie_001_en.html