1. Persons employed in cultural occupations as their main job according to the Labour Force Survey

The definition of cultural industries and occupations is not drawn precisely and the EU is currently drafting a recommendation on how to define the field of culture. Therefore, there is no unambiguous solution as to how culture is calculated according to industry and occupation. The industrial activities and occupations used here are listed in more detail in the Quality Description. The used industrial classification is the Standard Industrial Classification 2008 and the used classification of occupations is the Classification of Occupations 2010.

The Labour Force Survey is a sample survey and it includes some bias caused by the method. Culture consists of fairly small groups by their activities and occupational groups and therefore this survey presents results separately only when the size of the group is around 10,000. Then the standard error for the result is about four per cent.

In cultural industries employment has fallen by 11.2 per cent from 2010 to 2014 and the number of employed persons working in main jobs was around 110,300 in 2014.

Of industries, publishing has contracted by approximately 23.5 per cent from 2010 to 2014, from about 16,611 to around 12,700 employed persons.

The number of employed persons in advertising went down by over 30 per cent from 2010. In 2014, there were around 8,800 employed persons, while in 2010 the number was still more than 12,700.

Creative, arts and entertainment activities have grown and around 13 per cent more are employed there than in 2010. In 2014, the activities employed close on 18,100 people against around 16,000 in 2010. (Table 1).

In 2014, around 128,500 persons were working in cultural occupations as their main job. The number of those working in cultural occupations has remained nearly unchanged in this decade.

The number of people working in advertising and marketing occupations has grown strongly and employed persons in these occupations now number around 22,200, while the figure was only around 13,400 at the beginning of this decade. However, the change is not fully reliable, due to changes in classifications and methodology. The number of architects and designers has fallen by around 30 per cent and in 2014, it was 14,800, on average. Employment among public relations professionals, archivists and librarians, and curators has also fallen by around 27 per cent. In contrast, the employment of those working as artists and authors has risen by around nine per cent (Table 2).

Table 1.Those employed in cultural industries as their main job in 2010 to 2014 according to the Labour Force Survey

TOL2008 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
Publishing 16 611 17 167 17 238 14 109 12 702
Advertising 12 738 10 431 10 414 9 482 8 856
Libraries and archives and museums activities and preservation of historical sites and buildings 11 966 13 983 13 199 9 947 11 625
Creative, arts and entertainment activities 16 053 19 245 18 659 20 810 18 133
Other industries 51 375 42 151 40 058 37 207 58 994
Total 124 483 121 581 117 867 111 912 110 310
Source: Cultural statistics 2014. Statistics Finland

Table 2. Those employed in cultural occupations as their main job in 2011 to 2014 according to the Labour Force Survey

  2011 2012 2013 2014
Advertising, marketing 13 456 17 768 21 137 22 201
Architects, product and clothing designers, community and traffic planners 20 868 18 306 14 747 14 800
Public relations professionals, archivists, curators, librarians and related information professionals 16 862 16 396 16 672 12 259
Journalists 12 666 12 244 11 023 11 092
Artists and authors 17 237 16 707 18 130 18 839
Other cultural occupations 46 286 46 052 44 440 49 306
Total 127 374 127 473 126 149 128 498
Source: Labour Force Survey.Classification of Occupations 2010

Source: Cultural statistics 2014, Statistics Finland

Inquiries: Kaisa Weckström 029 551 2348, kulttuuri.tilastokeskus@stat.fi

Director in charge: Riitta Harala


Updated 27.8.2015

Referencing instructions:

Official Statistics of Finland (OSF): Culture [e-publication].
ISSN=2341-7404. Cultural Employment in Finland 2014, 1. Persons employed in cultural occupations as their main job according to the Labour Force Survey . Helsinki: Statistics Finland [referred: 20.10.2017].
Access method: http://www.stat.fi/til/klt/2014/01/klt_2014_01_2015-08-27_kat_001_en.html

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