Published: 30 October 2018

Net immigration lower than in the previous year in 2017

According to Statistics Finland, 31,797 persons moved to Finland in 2017, which was nine per cent fewer than one year earlier. The number of immigrants was 3,108 persons lower than in 2016. Emigration also decreased from the previous year. A total of 16,973 persons moved abroad from Finland, six per cent more than in the year before. The migration gain for Finland fell to 14,824 persons from the previous year's 16,823.

Migration between Finland and other countries 1993–2017

Migration between Finland and other countries 1993–2017

Of immigrants, 23,735 or 75 per cent were foreign citizens in 2017. Sixty per cent of emigrants, 10,167, were Finnish citizens. Finland's migration gain from foreign citizens amounted to 16,929 persons, but Finnish citizens generated a migration loss of 2,105 persons.

Immigration gain from immigrants from outside the EU

Finland's migration gain consisted almost completely of immigrants from outside the EU in 2017. However, immigration from countries outside the EU decreased from the year before and emigration to countries outside the EU was also lower. Net immigration from countries outside the EU decreased to 14,249 from the previous year's 15,716.

Immigration gain was largest from Iraq, 2,369 immigrants, second largest from Syria, 1,422 immigrants, and third largest from Russia, 1,420 immigrants.

Immigration from EU countries to Finland went down by 721 persons from the previous year to 12,192 in 2017. Emigration to EU countries has in turn now become more steady. Last year, 11,617 persons emigrated from Finland to other EU countries, which was 189 persons fewer than one year previously. As a result of the development described above, Finland’s migration gain from EU countries was nearly half of what it was the year before, 575 persons.

More intermunicipal migrations, fewer migrations within municipalities

In 2017, the number of intermunicipal migrations totalled 287,839, which was 5,582 more than in 2016. The number of migrations between regions was 136,684, with a growth of 3,454, having been just 686 in the year before. Migrations between regions numbered 151,155, which was 2,128 more than one year earlier. In 2017, the number of intramunicipal migrations was 572,688, which was 18,142 lower than in 2016.

When looking at migration inside the country, the region of Uusimaa had the largest and the region of Pirkanmaa the second largest migration gain. In Uusimaa, the gain amounted to 7,804 and in Pirkanmaa to 2,109 persons. The migration gain relative to the population in Mainland Finland was largest in Uusimaa, where the migration gain was nearly five per mil. The relative migration gain in Pirkanmaa was slightly lower than in Uusimaa.

The region having suffered the largest population loss in migration inside the country was Ostrobothnia, 1,402 persons. Kymenlaakso had the largest relative migration loss of nearly eight per mil. The relative migration loss was the second largest in Ostrobothnia. In intramunicipal migration 15 regions suffered from migration loss.

Migration gain for regions from immigration

All regions received migration gain from international migration. Taking that into account, the number of regions with migration loss falls somewhat. The sum of net immigration and net emigration was negative in twelve regions. In Mainland Finland, net regional immigration was highest in Ostrobothnia and lowest in South Ostrobothnia in relative terms.

Internal migration and in- and out-migration 2005–2017

Year Intermunicipal Intramunicipal Immigration Emigration Net migration
2005 267 939 624 030 21 355 12 369 8 986
2006 265 469 600 097 22 451 12 107 10 344
2007 272 285 595 985 26 029 12 443 13 586
2008 262 454 567 619 29 114 13 657 15 457
2009 257 595 577 668 26 699 12 151 14 548
2010 264 362 575 323 25 636 11 905 13 731
2011 274 896 600 781 29 481 12 660 16 821
2012 274 650 595 163 31 278 13 845 17 433
2013 265 844 577 960 31 941 13 893 18 048
2014 267 799 571 775 31 507 15 486 16 021
2015 280 271 613 474 28 746 16 305 12 441
2016 282 257 590 830 34 905 18 082 16 823
2017 287 839 572 688 31 797 16 973 14 824
The regional division in all years is the one valid on 1 January 2018

Source: Migration 2017. Statistics Finland

Inquiries: Joni Rantakari 029 551 3249, Matti Saari 029 551 3401, Timo Nikander 029 551 3250, info@stat.fi

Director in charge: Jari Tarkoma

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Tables

Tables in databases

Appendix tables

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Updated 30.10.2018

Referencing instructions:

Official Statistics of Finland (OSF): Migration [e-publication].
ISSN=1797-6782. 2017. Helsinki: Statistics Finland [referred: 16.11.2018].
Access method: http://www.stat.fi/til/muutl/2017/muutl_2017_2018-10-30_tie_001_en.html