Published: 22 February 2018

R&D funding grows in the 2018 budget

According to Statistics Finland, allocations for research and development increase in the government budget by EUR 85.7 million from the year before. In the 2018 government budget, the appropriations for R&D activities amount to EUR 1,883.2 million. The share of public research funding in gross domestic product will, however, remain on level with the previous year and is an estimated 0.80 per cent.

Government R&D funding by organisation in 2008 to 2018

Government R&D funding by organisation in 2008 to 2018
Prior to 2018, universities of applied sciences are in the category Other R&D funding

Examined by organisation, the majority of government R&D funding is directed to universities. In the 2018 budget, the R&D funding of universities totals EUR 615.6 million, which has grown by around five per cent from the 2017 budget. The shares of R&D funding of universities and the Academy of Finland have increased since 2008, while the R&D funding of other organisations has decreased from the level seen ten years ago. The R&D funding of the Academy of Finland is EUR 444.1 million in the 2018 budget, which means that the R&D funding decreased by EUR 5.4 million from the appropriations in 2017. The R&D funding of Business Finland, in turn, grows in the 2018 budget and is an estimated EUR 391.3 million. The R&D funding of government research institutes has declined in recent years and totals EUR 189.1 in 2018.

The biggest financier of research and development activity among administrative sectors is the Ministry of Education and Culture, whose R&D funding is EUR 1,164.4 million in the 2018 budget. The sum grows by EUR 41.1 million from the 2017 budget. The R&D funding of the Ministry of Economic Affairs and Employment also grows by EUR 61.9 million to EUR 491.0 million which is mainly caused by the increase in the R&D funding of Business Finland. Among other administrative sectors, the R&D funding of, for example, the Ministry of Social Affairs and Health and the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry decrease in the 2018 budget.

Government budget allocations for R&D (GBARD) in 2018

  R&D funding € million Share of R&D funding, % Change from 2017, € million Real change from 2017, %
R&D funding total 1 883,2 100,0 85,7 3,3
Main administrative branches (ministries)
Ministry of Education and Culture 1 164,4 61,8 41,1 2,2
Ministry of Employment and the Economy 491,0 26,1 61,9 12,8
Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry 53,6 2,8 -16,4 -24,5
Ministry of Social Affairs and Health 69,9 3,7 -5,5 -8,6
Funding organisations
Universities 615,6 32,7 28,5 3,4
Universities of applied sciences 1) 66,3 3,5 - -
Business Finland 391,3 20,8 69,1 19,8
Academy of Finland 444,1 23,6 -5,4 -2,6
Government research institutes 189,1 10,0 -6,1 -4,5
Other R&D funding 161,8 8,6 -66,7 -30,2
University central hospitals 15,0 0,8 0,0 -1,4
1) Prior to 2018, universities of applied sciences are in the category Other R&D funding

Source: Government R&D funding in the state budget 2018, Statistics Finland

Inquiries: Heidi Pirkola 029 551 3246, tiede.teknologia@stat.fi

Director in charge: Sami Saarikivi

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Updated 22.2.2018

Referencing instructions:

Official Statistics of Finland (OSF): Government R&D funding in the state budget [e-publication].
ISSN=2489-3250. 2018. Helsinki: Statistics Finland [referred: 20.11.2018].
Access method: http://www.stat.fi/til/tkker/2018/tkker_2018_2018-02-22_tie_001_en.html