Published: 7 September 2018

Cost of an hour worked increased by 0.8 per cent in April to June year-on-year

Private sector labour costs increased by 0.8 per cent in April to June 2018 when compared with the respective period of the year before. Seasonally adjusted labour costs went up by 2.8 per cent in April to June 2018. There was one more working day in the second quarter of 2018 than in the corresponding period of 2017. In the Labour Cost Index, an increase in the number of working days usually has a decreasing effect on costs.

In the private sector, labour costs without one-off pay items, such as performance-based bonuses, increased by 1.2 per cent in April to June 2018 compared to the corresponding quarter one year ago. Over the same period, the index of wage and salary earnings for the private sector went up by 1.9 per cent.

Year-on-year change in labour costs in the private sector from the corresponding quarter of the previous year

Year-on-year change in labour costs in the private sector from the corresponding quarter of the previous year

In the central government sector, the cost of an hour worked decreased by 1.3 per cent in April to June 2018 when compared with the respective period of the year before. Seasonally adjusted labour costs went down by 1.2 per cent. Labour costs without one-off pay items decreased by 1.3 per cent over the same period. Over the same quarter, the index of wage and salary earnings in the central government sector went up by 1.6 per cent.

In the local government sector, the cost of an hour worked decreased by 0.7 per cent in April to June 2018 when compared with the respective period of the year before. The year-on-year change in labour costs without one-off pay items decrease was 0.9 per cent. Over the same period, the index of wage and salary earnings in the local government sector went up by 1.3 per cent.

Year-on-year change in labour costs according to TOL 2008, 1st quarter 2018

Code Industry Labour costs,
year-on-year change
Labour costs Labour costs,
without one-off pay items
Labour costs, seasonally adjusted
B to S Total, private sector 0,8 1,2 2,8
B to E Manufacturing 0,3 0,8 2,3
F Construction 2,7 2,7 3,3
G to N Business service activities 0,7 1,2 1,8
J to R Central government -1,3 -1,3 -1,2
D to S Local government -0,7 -0,9 ..

The cost per an hour worked went up by 0.3 per cent in manufacturing industries (B to E), by 2.7 per cent in construction (F) and by 0.7 per cent in business service activities (G to N) in April to June 2018.

In manufacturing industries in the second quarter of 2018, there was a rise of 1.9 per cent in the forest industry and of 1.2 per cent fall in the metal industry in the cost of an hour worked. In the food industry costs went up by 3.4 per cent and in the chemical industry labour costs went up 0.1 per cent respectively. Among service industries, the biggest rise in costs, 2.2 per cent, was in wholesale and trade. In financial and insurance activities, costs decreased by 2.5 per cent.

The seasonally adjusted cost of an hour worked in all manufacturing (B to E) went up by 2.3 per cent in April to June 2018 compared with the corresponding period last year. In construction (F), the seasonally adjusted cost of an hour worked increased by 3.3 per cent and in business service activities (G to N) increased by 1.8 per cent.

In manufacturing industries seasonally adjusted cost of an hour worked went down by 1.0 per cent in the metal industry and up by 3.2 per cent in the forest industry in the April to June period of 2018 from the same period of the previous year. In business service activities, seasonally adjusted costs rose by 3.5 per cent in trade, by 0.9 per cent in communication activities and by 3.2 per cent in transportation and storage. In financial and insurance activities there was a 2.0 per cent rise in the seasonally adjusted costs.

The Labour Cost Index measures the change in wage and salary costs calculated per hour worked. Hours actually worked refer to the working hours an employee has spent on his/her actual duties. Hours worked include Sunday and overtime work but not paid hours off work, like the hours of annual leaves, national holidays or paid sickness absences.

In the index, hours worked or the structure of personnel have not been standardised. The cost of an hour worked is calculated directly as the ratio of industry-specific wages and salaries sum and social insurance contributions to the hours worked for each quarter. The change in average labour costs is affected by changes in regular earnings, performance-based bonuses and other one-off pay components, social insurance contributions, as well as changes in the number of hours worked and the structure of the labour force.


Source: Wages, Salaries and Labour Costs, Statistics Finland

Inquiries: Pekka Haapala 029 551 3460, Tanja Jumisko 029 551 3695, Olli Ruuska 029 551 3274, tvkindeksi@stat.fi

Director in charge: Mari Ylä-Jarkko

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Tables

Tables in databases

Appendix tables

Revisions in these statistics

Updated 7.9.2018

Referencing instructions:

Official Statistics of Finland (OSF): Labour cost index [e-publication].
ISSN=1798-3746. 2nd quarter 2018. Helsinki: Statistics Finland [referred: 17.11.2018].
Access method: http://www.stat.fi/til/tvki/2018/02/tvki_2018_02_2018-09-07_tie_001_en.html