Published: 5 June 2014

Risk of unemployment highest for young men in 2013

Of the 2.3 million persons employed at the end of 2012, 4.4 per cent (103,000 persons) were unemployed after one year. The risk of unemployment was higher for men than for women. Examined by age, the risk of unemployment was greatest among employed persons aged 18 to 24. By region, the risk was highest in the region of Kainuu.

Risk of unemployment for employed men aged 18 to 64 by age in 2003, 2008 and 2013, (%)

Risk of unemployment for employed men aged 18 to 64 by age in 2003, 2008 and 2013, (%)

Risk of unemployment highest for young and aged employed persons

Examined by age, the risk of unemployment for employed persons – the risk for a person employed at the end of the year to lose his or her job during the following year – was in 2013 for both women and men higher than average for young and older employed persons. The risk was particularly high for young men. The situation has been similar in all the examined years, 2003, 2008 and 2013.

Risk of unemployment for employed women aged 18 to 64 by age in 2003, 2008 and 2013, (%)

Risk of unemployment for employed women aged 18 to 64 by age in 2003, 2008 and 2013, (%)

However, the levels of unemployment risks and changes in them differ between genders in different years. In 2003, the risk of unemployment for employed persons was 4.0 per cent for men and 4.1 per cent for women, while after ten years, the risk was 5.2 per cent for men and 3.7 per cent for women. Men's risk of unemployment has grown in both 2008 and 2013. In 2013, the risk grew particularly in the age group of men aged under 25, where the risk of becoming unemployed was at its highest. For women, the risk of unemployment in 2013 was between the levels of 2003 (4.1%) and 2008 (2.9%).

Risk of unemployment for employed persons highest in Kainuu

Examined by region, the risk of unemployment for employed persons aged 18 to 64 was at its highest in Kainuu (7.5%), Central Finland (6.1%) and Lapland (6.0%). The risk was lowest in Åland, 1.7 per cent. Women's risk of unemployment was lower than men's in all regions. The risk of unemployment was also highest in the 18 to 24 age group (including both men and women) in Kainuu. However, the risk for young women was highest in Lapland.

Risk of unemployment for employed men and women aged 18 to 24 by region in 2013, (%)

Risk of unemployment for employed men and women aged 18 to 24 by region in 2013, (%)

Young people less often unemployed in the previous year as well

Compared to older age groups, young people were clearly less often unemployed for two years in a row. Of the persons aged 18 to 24 unemployed at the end of 2013, 23.9 per cent had also been unemployed one year earlier, while 68.6 per cent of the unemployed persons aged 55 or over had been unemployed a year before. For all unemployed persons aged 18 to 64, the share was 49.0 per cent.

Women's risk of recurrent unemployment was 45.9 per cent, for men 51.1 per cent. The risk of recurrent unemployment was higher for men than for women in nearly all age groups. The differences between genders were at their lowest in the youngest and oldest age groups. For women aged under 20 and over 60, the risk of recurrent unemployment was slightly higher than the risk for men.

The data on unemployment in the employment statistics derive from the Register of Job Seekers of the Ministry of Employment and the Economy.


Source: Employment Statistics, Statistics Finland

Inquiries: Aura Pasila 09 1734 3576, tyossakaynti@stat.fi

Director in charge: Riitta Harala

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Tables

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Appendix tables


Updated 5.6.2014

Referencing instructions:

Official Statistics of Finland (OSF): Employment [e-publication].
ISSN=2323-6825. Background information on unemployed persons 2013. Helsinki: Statistics Finland [referred: 21.8.2019].
Access method: http://www.stat.fi/til/tyokay/2013/02/tyokay_2013_02_2014-06-05_tie_001_en.html