Housing

Buildings and free-time residences

  1980 1990 2000 2010 2015 2016 2017
  1 000
Residential buildings 840 1 005 1 111 1 235 1 283 1 290 1 294
  Detached houses 773 908 993 1 102 1 144 1 150 1 152
  Attached houses 23 53 66 76 80 81 81
  Blocks of flats 44 45 52 57 59 60 61
Other buildings 92 158 189 211 222 222 229
Free-time residences 252 368 451 489 502 503 507
Saunas 1) 548 932 1 212 1 502 1 607 1 631 1 651

1) Only saunas in flats. The total number of saunas was estimated to be over two millions at the end of 2017.

Source: Statistics Finland, Dwellings and housing conditions

Table in Excel format (xlsx)

Updated: 31.5.2018

Household-dwelling units by type and size

A household-dwelling unit consists of all persons occupying the same dwelling on a permanent basis

  Household-dwelling units           
  1990 % 2000 % 2010 % 2017 %
All buildings 2 036 732 100 2 295 386 100 2 537 197 100 2 680 077 100
Detached houses 862 194 42,3 930 180 40,5 1 029 365 40,6 1 054 924 39,4
Attached houses 256 016 12,6 312 219 13,6 351 408 13,9 365 381 13,6
Blocks of flats 853 132 41,9 991 845 43,2 1 105 443 43,6 1 214 584 45,3
Other or unknown 65 390 3,2 61 142 2,7 50 981 2,0 45 188 1,7
Size of household-dwelling unit      
1 person 646 229 31,7 856 746 37,3 1 040 378 41,0 1 162 308 43,4
2 persons 597 928 29,4 722 437 31,5 837 234 33,0 880 794 32,9
3 persons 332 295 16,3 312 646 13,6 290 767 11,5 281 143 10,5
4 persons 300 429 14,8 254 707 11,1 238 135 9,4 231 604 8,6
5 persons 112 714 5,5 103 339 4,5 90 845 3,6 85 445 3,2
6+ persons 47 137 2,3 45 511 2,0 39 838 1,6 38 783 1,4

Source: Statistics Finland, Dwellings and housing conditions

Table in Excel format (xlsx)

Updated: 31.5.2018

Dwellings by tenure status of dwelling, %

  1990 2000 2010 2014 2015 2016
Owner-occupied dwelling 66,8 58,1 59,2 58,2 57,9 57,3
Rented dwelling 1) 24,7 30,8 29,3 2) 31,0 2) 30,8  2) 31,2
Right of occupancy dwelling . . 1,0 1,3 1,4 1,4 1,5
Other form of tenure
or unknown
8,4 10,1 10,3 9,4 9,9 10,0

1) Incl. official residences and employer-provided dwellings
2) Incl. empty dwellings in buildings inferred as rental buildings

Source: Statistics Finland, Dwellings and housing conditions 

Table in Excel format (xlsx)

Updated: 16.11.2017

Dwellings

  1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 2017
Total number of dwellings,
thousand
1 211 1 463 1 838 2 210 2 512 2 808 3 003
Floor area per dwelling, m2 51,0 60,0 69,0 74,4 76,5 79,5 79,8
Floor area per person, m2 14,3 18,9 26,3 31,4 35,3 39,1 40,5
Overcrowding 1), % . .  . . 31,0 30,4 23,7 17,9 17,2

1) More than one person per room, excl. kitchen

Source: Statistics Finland, Dwellings and housing conditions 

Table in Excel format (xlsx)

Updated: 18.6.2018

Prices of dwellings 1)

  Old blocks of flats New blocks of flats
  Helsinki region Rest of Finland Helsinki region Rest of Finland
  Unencumbered average prices, €/m2
2010 3 112 1 482 4 346 2 853
2011 3 255 1 536 4 554 2 960
2012 3 353 1 561 5 003 3 140
2013 3 458 1 580 4 974 3 215
2014 3 478 1 578 5 102 3 373
2015 3 515 1 587 5 122 3 403
2016 3 584 1 579 4 980 3 520
2017 3 718 1 588 5 071 3 536

1) Data on old dwellings based on the Tax Administration's data, data on new dwellings based on the largest real estate agents and building contractors.

Source: Statistics Finland, Dwellings and housing conditions

Table in Excel format (xlsx)

Updated: 2.5.2018

Dwellings in old blocks of flats: real price indices

  Helsinki region Rest of Finland
  1983 = 100
1993 79,6 92,5
1994 87,2 95,2
1995 79,8 92,4
1996 85,2 97,2
1997 104,2 111,4
1998 114,4 119,6
1999 126,6 126,4
2000 133,8 127,3
2001 128,9 122,2
2002 140,7 127,6
2003 147,6 134,5
2004 156,3 145,2
2005 164,1 153,1
2006 176,8 161,3
2007 184,2 164,5
2008 179,1 159,1
2009 180,8 160,0
2010 198,6 169,1
2011 199,8 166,9
2012 199,9 165,0
2013 204,8 165,0
2014 203,7 161,9
2015 204,3 160,4
2016 208,9 160,1
2017 214,2 159,4

Source: Statistics Finland, Dwellings and housing conditions 

Table in Excel format (xlsx)

Updated: 2.5.2018

Prices of real estate

  Detached houses Plots for detached houses
  Average
price
Nominal price
index
Real price
index
Average
price
Nominal price
index
Real price
index
  €/m2 2015 = 100 €/m2 2015 = 100
2015 1 541 100,0 100,0 18,6 100,0 100,0
2016 1 549 100,1 99,8 21,2 98,1 97,8
2017 1 560 98,8 97,7 22,7 97,9 96,9

Source: Statistics Finland, Real estate prices

Table in Excel format (xlsx)

Updated: 13.3.2018

Average rents of rented dwellings

  Government-subsidised dwellings Non-subsidised dwellings All rented dwellings
  €/m2/month  
1990 3,91 4,33 4,14
2000 6,39 7,67 7,10
2001 6,64 7,99 7,42
2002 6,92 8,21 7,66
2003 7,16 8,50 7,94
2004 7,37 8,60 8,07
2005 7,54 8,81 8,27
2006 7,68 8,93 8,37
2007 7,96 9,35 8,72
2008 8,38 9,73 9,04
2009 8,93 10,07 9,48
2010 9,28 10,40 9,86
2011 9,90 11,54 10,79
2012 10,25 11,98 11,19
2013 10,64 12,43 11,61
2014 10,96 12,84 11,98
2015 11,21 13,30 12,34
2016 11,38 13,65 12,61
2017 11,53 13,88 12,80

Source: Statistics Finland, Rents of dwellings

Table in Excel format (xlsx)

Updated: 13.3.2018

 

Main topic: Housing

Last updated 18 Jun 2018