Social Protection

Social protection expenditure by function

   2010   2016   2017  
  € million % € million % € million %
Sickness and health 13 468 24,6 15 369 22,3 15 300 22,1
Disability 6 427 11,7 6 672 9,7 6 484 9,4
Old age 19 171 35,0 27 552 40,0 28 807 41,7
Survivors 1 724 3,1 1 789 2,6 1 833 2,7
Family and children 5 845 10,7 6 702 9,7 6 654 9,6
Unemployment 4 370 8,0 5 588 8,1 4 921 7,1
Housing 923 1,7 1 644 2,4 1 842 2,7
Other social protection 1 425 2,6 2 374 3,4 2 072 3,0
Administration 1 480 2,7 1 147 1,7 1 176 1,7
Total  54 832 100 68 837 100 69 089 100
% relative to GDP 29,3   31,9   30,9  

Source: National Institute for Health and Welfare

Table in Excel format (xlsx)

Updated: 8.4.2019

Recipients of family allowances

  2000 2010 2017 2018
Parental allowances        
Mothers 97 359 103 577 87 905 84 387
Fathers 42 924 56 393 61 187 59 640
Recipients of maternity grant 1) 55 228 60 188 48 910 45 223
Child benefit, December        
Recipients 586 834 561 534 548 585 545 163
Children 1 063 680 1 014 910 1 003 635 996 358
Child care allowances 31.12.        
Recipients 84 657 89 701 80 084 75 749
Children 126 963 126 995 104 253 96 066
Child maintenance allowance 31.12.        
Recipients . . 66 384 72 392 72 369
Children 107 962 97 776 105 847 105 829

1) Incl. adoption grant

Source: Kela, The Social Insurance Institution of Finland

Table in Excel format (xlsx)

Updated: 29.5.2019

Housing benefits

Beneficiaries of general housing allowance on 31 December

Source: Kela, The Social Insurance Institution of Finland

Table in Excel format (xlsx)

Updated: 4.6.2019

Recipients of unemployment benefits on 31 December 2018

Recipients of unemployment benefits on 31 December 2017

Sources: Kela, The Social Insurance Institution of Finland

Financial Supervisory Authority

Table in Excel format (xlsx)

Updated: 28.5.2019

Pension recipients

Earnings-related allowance 2000 2010 2017 2018
Old-age pension 869 672 1 093 267 1 339 991 1 365 039
Unemployment pension 54 291 33 938  -  -
Disability pension 276 269 267 248 206 048 201 216
Part-time pension 24 533 28 764 7 244 3 367
Special pensions for farmers 40 845 24 330 12 026 10 670
Surviving spouse's pension 252 798 263 176 253 011 250 617
Orphan's pension 28 476 22 503 17 444 16 795
Total 1) 1 284 145 1 463 835 1 585 582 1 600 225

1) The same individual may be the beneficiary of more than one type of pension

Source: Finnish Centre for Pensions

Table in Excel format (xlsx)

Updated: 5.4.2019

Total pension distribution among pension recipients 1)
on 31 December 2018

Total pension Total Males Females
€/month   %   %   %
       0–  799 162 998 11,0 65 520 9,7 97 478 12,0
   800–1 099 239 655 16,1 83 762 12,5 155 893 19,2
1 100–1 399 293 791 19,8 105 976 15,8 187 815 23,1
1 400–1 699 221 785 14,9 93 191 13,9 128 594 15,8
1 700–1 999 181 669 12,2 86 747 12,9 94 922 11,7
2 000–2 299 125 958 8,5 68 192 10,1 57 766 7,1
2 300–2 599 82 334 5,5 47 928 7,1 34 406 4,2
2 600–2 899 54 409 3,7 33 545 5,0 20 864 2,6
2 900–3 199 35 514 2,4 23 358 3,5 12 156 1,5
3 200– 86 521 5,8 63 969 9,5 22 552 2,8
Total 1 484 634 100 672 188 100 812 446 100
Average pension, €/month 1 680   1 898   1 499  

1) People living in Finland who receive an old-age (excl. partial old-age), a disability or a special farmer’s pension

Source: Finnish Centre for Pensions

Table in Excel format (xlsx)

Updated: 5.4.2019

 

Main topic: Social Protection

Last updated 4 Jun 2019