Data content

The following data on enterprises and establishments are available. A more detailed description of the register data is available through the link.

In the selection of target groups you can use Statistics Finland's Standard Industrial Classification (TOL 2008) and regional classifications.

Enterprise data

Business ID
Name of the enterprise
Postal address
Municipality of domicile
Sub-regional unit
Region
Telephone and telefax nummer
Industry
Purity percentage of the enterprise’s industry
Number of personnel
Size category of personnel
Size category of turnover
Start of operation
Legal form
Type of owner
Language
Number of establishments
Importer/exporter data
VAT, employer activity and belonging to the prepayment register
SME classification according to EU definition
Sector classification 2012
LEI code
Startup

Establisment data

Establishment code
Name of the establisment
Location address
Municipality of location
Sub-regional unit of location
Region of location
Telephone and telefax nummer (for some)
Industry
Size category of personnel
Start of operation
Location coordinate of the establisment
Number of the enterprise's personnel in the municipality

Enterprise data

Business ID

A Business ID, or business and organisation code, is a code that is assigned by authorities to all parties liable to registration and by which the party can be identified. The code comprises a consecutive number of seven digits, a hyphen and a control number. The Business ID replaces the previously used trade registry number, foundation number and organisation number. The Business ID identifies the enterprise but it is not possible to conclude from it whether the enterprise has actually been registered. This must be checked separately from the Business Information System website or the registration authorities.

Name of the enterprise

In the Business Register, official names are used for legal units and trade names for natural persons. The official name of a legal unit includes an identifier of the company form, such as Limited Company/Ltd or Limited Partnership. Names for enterprises are obtained to the Business Register from the Tax Administration and they are congruent with the names of the enterprises in the Business Information System.

Postal address

The postal address is the address to which an enterprise or a quasi-corporate unit wishes to have its postal items delivered. A postal address is comprised of a street address (name and number of street/road) or a post office box number and a postal code and name of post office.

Municipality of domicile

The municipality of domicile of the enterprise is the domicile defined by the National Board of Patents and Registration and the Tax Administration. For legal persons, the domicile is specified in the memoranda of association and the municipality entered in the Trade, Foundation or Association Register that must be located in Finland. The domicile of natural persons is indicated in the Population Information System. Further information about regional classifications on Statistics Finland’s classifications web pages.

Sub-regional unit

The sub-regional unit to which the enterprise's municipality of domicile belongs. Further information about regional classifications on Statistics Finland’s classifications web pages.

Region

The region to which the enterprise's municipality of domicile belongs. Further information about regional classifications on Statistics Finland’s classifications web pages.

Telephone and fax number

The number contains an area dialling code and the subscriber's telephone number. The area dialling code has no more than four digits and the telephone number has at least four digits.

Industry

The industry of the enterprise is defined in accordance with Statistics Finland's Standard Industrial Classification 2008 (TOL 2008). An industry is defined independently for all enterprises and establishments proper at the most detailed level of the industrial classification. The industry of an ancillary establishment is generally the same as the enterprise's main industry.

The main industry of a multi-establishment enterprise is defined according to the value added generated at its establishments engaged in different economic activities. The value added corresponds closely to increase in value. The value added for the industries of an enterprise is obtained by multiplying the number of employees in each establishment by the average value added it creates in its industry and by proportioning the obtained figure to the duration of its activity in the accounting period within the statistical year. The main industry of the enterprise is the industry with the largest value added in the accounting period. The definition of the main industry proceeds in stages from the alphabetical code to the most detailed level of the industrial classification.

Purity percentage of the enterprise’s industry

The purity percentage of the enterprise’s industry describes how many per cent of the turnover of a multi-establishment enterprise is accumulated from the industry recorded as the main industry.

Number of personnel

The personnel comprises wage and salary earners and self-employed persons. The personnel is converted to annual full-time employees so that, for example, an employee working half-time represents one half of a person and two employees working half-time for one year represent one annual full-time employee. For enterprises not included in the surveys of the Register of Enterprises and Establishments the numbers of personnel are estimated based on wages and salaries.

Size category of personnel

0 = not known
1 = –4 persons
2 = 5–9 persons
3 = 10–19
4 = 20–49
5 = 50–99
6 = 100–249
7 = 250–499
8 = 500–999
9 = 1 000–

Size category of personnel

0 = not known
1 = –4 persons
2 = 5–9
3 = 10–19
4 = 20–49
5 = 50–99
6 = 100–149
7 = 150–199
8 = 200–249
9 = 250–299
10 = 300–399
11 = 400–499
12 = 500–749
13 = 750–999
14 = 1 000–1 249
15 = 1 250–1 499
16 = 1 500–1 999
17 = 2 000–2 499
18 = 2 500–

Size category of turnover EUR

Classification of turnover size (EUR 1):
1 = not yet known
2 = does not conceptually exist
3 = –199 999
4 = 200 000–399 999
5 = 400 000–999 999
6 = 1 000 000–1 999 999
7 = 2 000 000–9 999 999
8 = 10 000 000–19 999 999
9 = 20 000 000–

Size category of turnover EUR

1 = not yet known
2 = does not conceptually exist
3 = 1–99 999
4 = 100 000–199 999
5 = 200 000–399 999
6 = 400 000–999 999
7 = 1 000 000–1 999 999
8 = 2 000 000–4 999 999
9 = 5 000 000–9 999 999
10 = 10 000 000–19 999 999
11 = 20 000 000–49 999 999
12 = 50 000 000–99 999 999
13 = 100 000 000–249 999 999
14 = 250 000 000–499 999 999
15 = 500 000 000–

Start of operation

The start of the enterprise's operation is the start of tax control. The starting time is in the form yyyymmdd. Reliable starting from 1982.

Legal form

Statistics Finland’s classification of legal forms is based on legal forms used by the Tax Administration.

Legal forms:
01 Natural person
10 General partnership
11 Limited partnership
12 Limited company
13 Housing company
14 Shipping company under joint ownership
16 Mutual joint-stock property company
17 Other joint-stock property company (not mutual)
18 Enterprise group
19 Other enterprise
20 Voluntary association
21 Association based on separate legislation
22 Mutual indemnity insurance association
23 Forestry society
24 Cooperative bank
25 Co-operative society
26 Mutual benefit society
27 Unemployment fund
28 Other economic association
29 Other association
30 Foundation (according to the Foundations Act)
31 Savings bank
32 Pension foundation (founded by a charter of foundation)
33 Pension fund
35 Mortgage society
39 Other foundation
40 State and its agencies
60 State-owned company
41 Municipality
61 Municipally-owned company
42 Joint municipal board
62 Joint local authority company
43 Region of Åland and its agencies
63 Company owned by the Regional Government of Åland
44 Evangelical Lutheran Church
45 Greek Orthodox Church
46 Registered religious community
47 Students' union or association
48 Governmental institution with separate administration
49 Other legal person subject to public law
50 Mutual interest bodies (e.g. fishery collectives)
51 Corporation subject to taxation
52 Body jointly and severally liable for tax withholding
53 Decedent's estate
54 Bankrupt’s estate
55 Jointly owned forest
56 Farm
57 Trade association
59 Other units subject to taxation
70 Non-resident corporation
71 Branch of a non-resident corporation in Finland
91 - 96, 99 Others (e.g. temporary legal form)

Type of owner

A classification based on enterprise ownership and its proportion:
1 = private domestic
2 = state
3 = municipality
4 = region of Åland
5 = foreign-owned *
6 = other owner type
* Enterprises where more than 50 per cent of the equity is in foreign ownership, and subsidiaries of foreign enterprise groups are foreign-owned.

Language

0 = Finnish
1 = Swedish

Number of establishments

Each enterprise has at least one establishment, the largest ones hundreds. An establishment is a unit that is owned by one enterprise, operates in one location and produces mainly one type of goods or services.

Importer/exporter

1 Importer
2 Exporter
3 Importer/exporter

An enterprise is an importer/exporter if the value of its goods imports/exports is (relates to both intra-EU and extra-EU trade):
 a) over EUR 12,000 per year and divided over at least two months, or
 b) over EUR 120,000 per year

VAT, employer activity and belonging to the prepayment register
1 = is on the register
2 = is no longer on the register
3 = has never been on the register

SME classification according to EU definition

The values received by the variable type classification of business activity are:
1 = micro enterprise
2 = small enterprise
3 = medium size enterprise
4 = large enterprise
0 = not specified

The type classification is determined separately for each enterprise based on the number of wage and salary earners and turnover and/or balance sheet total, as well as the group relationship.

Sector classification 2012

The Classification of Sectors is a basic classification applied to economic and social statistics for the classification of the activities, financing modes, owner types and legal forms of decision-making units into equivalent categories. The sectors (non-financial corporations, general government, house-holds, etc.) formed with the help of the classification are sufficiently similar in their economic behav-iour for national economic monitoring and analysis.

LEI code
An LEI (Legal Entity Identifier) is an international organisational code. You will find additional infomation in web-page of PRH.

Startup

Two kinds of information about startup enterprises are available:

  • A startup is an enterprise which employs at least 10 persons at the beginning of the startup period and during the following three years the average growth of the personnel exceeds 10 per cent on the annual level.
  • A startup is an enterprise which employs at least 10 persons at the beginning of the startup period and during the following three years the average growth of the personnel exceeds 20 per cent on the annual level.

Establishment data

Establishment code

The establishment code is a nine-character code identifying the establishment. The code is issued by Statistics Finland. If the establishment and its activities are transferred from one enterprise to another, its establishment code will not change.

Name of the establishment

The name of the establishment is given by the enterprise (often blank).

Location address

Location address is the address that discloses the geographic location of an enterprise’s establishment. The location address is formed of the street address (name and number of the street/road) as well as the postal code and the post office.

Municipality of location

Municipality of location discloses the municipality in which an enterprise’s establishment is geographically located. Further information about regional classifications on Statistics Finland’s classifications web pages.

Sub-regional unit of location

The sub-regional unit to which the enterprise's municipality of location belongs. Further information about regional classifications on Statistics Finland’s classifications web pages.

Region of location

The region to which the enterprise's municipality of location belongs. Further information about regional classifications on Statistics Finland’s classifications web pages.

Telephone and fax number

The number contains an area dialling code and the subscriber's telephone number. The area dialling code has no more than four digits and the telephone number has at least four digits.

Industry

The industry of the enterprise is defined in accordance with Statistics Finland's Standard Industrial Classification 2008 (TOL 2008). An industry is defined independently for all enterprises and establishments proper at the most detailed level of the industrial classification. The industry of an ancillary establishment is generally the same as the enterprise's main industry.

Size category of personnel

Size classification of personnel:

0 = not known
1 = –4 persons
2 = 5–9 persons
3 = 10–19
4 = 20–49
5 = 50–99
6 = 100–249
7 = 250–499
8 = 500–999
9 = 1 000–

Size category of personnel

0 = not known
1 = 0–4 persons
2 = 5–9
3 = 10–19
4 = 20–49
5 = 50–99
6 = 100–149
7 = 150–199
8 = 200–249
9 = 250–299
10 = 300–399
11 = 400–499
12 = 500–749
13 = 750–999
14 = 1 000–1 249
15 = 1 250–1 499
16 = 1 500–1 999

Start of operation

The starting date of the establishment's operation. If the establishment and its activities are transferred from one enterprise to another, its start of operation will not change.
The starting time is in the form yyyymmdd.

Location coordinate of the establishment

In the Register of Enterprises and Establishments the location address of an establishment has map coordinates giving the geographic location of the establishment in coordinate format. The coordinates are in the form EUREF-FIN.

Number of the enterprise's personnel in the municipality

The number of personnel in the municipality is the total number of personnel the enterprise employs in its establishments in the municipality.

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