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Published: 29 August 2014

Fewer open job vacancies in the second quarter than one year earlier

According to the Job Vacancy Survey of Statistics Finland, there were 27,800 open job vacancies in the second quarter of 2014, which is 15 per cent down from one year earlier (32,500). The reference period of the data for the second quarter was 1 June.

Job vacancies 2013/II – 2014/II

2013/II 2014/II
Number Share, % Number Share, %
Job vacancies 32 500   27 800  
Part-time 6 500 20 8 500 31
Fixed term 11 600 36 14 900 54
Hard-to-fill vacancies 15 600 48 10 100 36
The sub-groups are not mutually exclusive so their sum does not correspond with the total number of open job vacancies.

In all, 18,500, or 66 per cent, of the job vacancies in the second quarter of 2014 were in private enterprises. In comparison with the quarter one year earlier, when examined by the size category of the establishment, the number of open job vacancies decreased in particular in smaller establishments with fewer than five employees (-5,100), and examined by region, in the major region of Northern and Eastern Finland (-3,000). Examined by the industry of the establishment, the decrease in the number of job vacancies was divided into nearly all industry groups.

In the second quarter, employers estimated that 36 per cent of the open job vacancies were hard-to-fill, while one year earlier, such posts made up 48 per cent of open vacancies. The share of part-time positions in open vacancies went up by 11 percentage points and that of fixed-term positions by 18 percentage points from one year back. Fixed-term open vacancies were common particularly in education establishments that primarily sought teachers, and in administrative and support service establishments that were looking for workers for cleaning and building maintenance jobs, for example.

Statistics Finland has been collecting data on open job vacancies quarterly since 2002. The inquiry is directed to persons responsible for recruitment in private or public sector establishments. The data provider can respond either using the web questionnaire or through a telephone interview. The data collection includes approximately 2,500 different establishments in every quarter. The statistics are based on Regulation (EC) No 453/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council. The objective is to produce up-to-date and comparable information about the number and structure of job openings on the labour markets of EU Member States.

The sample design of the Job Vacancy Survey was changed for the statistical year 2013 so that the target samples and strata better correspond with the information needs of data users. The revisions made have a significant effect on the results, for which reason the data cannot be compared with the data released prior to the first quarter of 2013. Further information can be found in the Quality description of the statistical release in Finnish

More information about open job vacancies is available in the appendix tables of this release and in the database tables of the Job Vacancy Survey in Finnish. The figures in the tables are rounded, for which reason the sums do not always amount to the totals.

Source: Job vacancy survey 2014, 2nd quarter. Statistics Finland.

Inquiries: Minna Wallenius 029 551 2749,

Director in charge: Riitta Harala

Publication in pdf-format (239.3 kB)


Tables in databases

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Appendix tables

Updated 29.8.2014

Referencing instructions:

Official Statistics of Finland (OSF): Job vacancy survey [e-publication].
ISSN=1798-2278. 2nd quarter 2014. Helsinki: Statistics Finland [referred: 15.4.2024].
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