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Published: 16 November 2018

More open job vacancies in the third quarter than one year earlier

There were 46,900 open job vacancies in the third quarter of 2018, while the figure was 34,300 one year before. Examined by area, open job vacancies went up most in the major region of Helsinki-Uusimaa (+4,800). The data appear from Statistics Finland's statistics on open job vacancies and describe the situation on the first day of September.

Job vacancies 2017/III – 2018/III

2017/III 2018/III
Number Share, % Number Share, %
Job vacancies 34 300   46 900  
Part-time 6 200 18 7 300 15
Fixed term 12 500 36 10 000 21
Hard-to-fill vacancies 17 600 51 26 900 57
The sub-groups are not mutually exclusive so their sum does not correspond with the total number of open job vacancies.

In the third quarter of 2018, in all, 36,500 or 78 per cent of the job vacancies were in establishments owned by private enterprises, while one year earlier they amounted to 29,100 or 85 per cent of all job vacancies. Compared with the corresponding period of last year, the number of open job vacancies increased in establishments with 5 to 49 employees. Examined by the industry of the establishment, job vacancies increased most (+6,200) in the industry group of trade, transportation and storage, accommodation and food service activities (G to I).

In the third quarter, 15 per cent of all job vacancies were part-time. Twenty-one per cent of all open job vacancies were fixed-term positions, while one year earlier the corresponding share was 36 per cent. Recruitment difficulties experienced by employers were still quite common. Employers estimated that more than one-half of all open vacancies were hard-to-fill. For example, establishments in construction (F) and wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles (G) had plenty of jobs considered hard to fill.

Statistics Finland has been collecting data on open job vacancies quarterly since 2002. The inquiry is directed to persons responsible for recruitment in private or public sector establishments . The data provider can respond either using the web questionnaire or through a telephone interview. The data collection includes approximately 2,500 different establishments in every quarter. The statistics are based on Regulation (EC) No 453/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council. The objective is to produce up-to-date and comparable information about the number and structure of job openings on the labour markets of EU Member States.

More information about open job vacancies is available in the appendix tables of this release and in the database tables of the statistics. The figures in the tables are rounded, for which reason the sums do not always amount to the totals. The accuracy of figures and standard errors are explained in the quality description of the statistical release (only in Finnish).

Latest data on open job vacancies published by the EU can be found on Eurostat's home page .

Source: Job vacancy survey 2018, 3rd quarter. Statistics Finland.

Inquiries: Minna Wallenius 029 551 2749,

Director in charge: Jari Tarkoma

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Appendix tables


Updated 16.11.2018

Referencing instructions:

Official Statistics of Finland (OSF): Job vacancy survey [e-publication].
ISSN=1798-2278. 3rd quarter 2018. Helsinki: Statistics Finland [referred: 30.9.2023].
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