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Published: 28 June 2019

Total energy consumption fell by 9 per cent in January to March

According to Statistics Finland's preliminary data, total energy consumption in January to March amounted to 371 petajoule (PJ), which was nine per cent less than in the corresponding period in 2018. Electricity consumption amounted to 25.6 terawatt hours (TWh), that is, nearly as much as one year earlier. Carbon dioxide emissions from the energy use of fuels declined by 14 per cent year-on-year.

Total energy consumption

Total energy consumption

The beginning of the year was warmer than the year before, which was the most significant reason for the fall in total energy consumption. The consumption of all fuels fell in the first quarter. The consumption of peat declined most, by 24 per cent. In turn, the consumption of oil declined least, by five per cent.

Of electricity production, the production of hydro power decreased by 24 per cent and the production of condensing power by 25 per cent. Production was compensated with electricity imports, and net imports of electricity increased by 10 per cent in January to March. The production of wind power also increased, by 27 per cent, in total. Three per cent more electricity was produced with combined heat and power production than in the year before.

In January to March, diverse energy products were imported to Finland to the value of EUR 2.7 billion. The value of imports was nearly the same as in the corresponding quarter of the year before. Most energy products were imported from Russia, whose share of the value of imports was 62 per cent. Energy products were exported from Finland to the value of EUR 1.4 billion. The value of exports increased by two per cent compared to the corresponding quarter of the year before. Most energy products were exported to OECD countries, which accounted for 79 per cent of the value of exports.

Total energy consumption by source (TJ) and CO2 emissions (Mt)

Energy source I/2019* Annual change-%* Percentage share of
total energy consumption*
Oil 1) 73,764 -5 20
Coal 2) 33,204 -10 9
Natural gas 3) 25,824 -13 7
Nuclear energy 4) 65,730 0 18
Net imports of electricity 5) 20,449 10 6
Hydro power 5) 11,502 -24 3
Wind power 5) 6,597 27 2
Peat 20,973 -24 6
Wood fuels 94,959 -12 26
Others 6) 18,457 -26 5
Bunkers 10,175 -10 .
CO2 emissions from energy sector 10 -14 .
* = Preliminary data
. = Category not applicable
1) Oil: includes the bio part of transport fuels.
2) Coal: includes hard coal, coke, blast furnace gas and coke oven gas.
3) The consumption of natural gas does not include raw material use.
4) Conversion of electricity generation into fuel units: Nuclear power: 10.91 TJ/GWh (33% total efficiency)
5) Conversion of electricity generation into fuel units: Hydro power, wind power and net imports of electricity: 3.6 TJ/GWh (100%)
6) Others: includes exothermic heat from industry, recovered fuels, heat pumps, hydrogen, biogas, other bioenergy and solar energy.

Source: Statistics Finland, Energy supply and consumption

Inquiries: Ville Maljanen 029 551 2691,

Director in charge: Ville Vertanen

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Revisions in these statistics

Updated 28.6.2019

Referencing instructions:

Official Statistics of Finland (OSF): Energy supply and consumption [e-publication].
ISSN=1799-7976. 1st quarter 2019. Helsinki: Statistics Finland [referred: 21.4.2024].
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