Published: 28 January 2011

General government total expenditure grew by 5.7 per cent in 2009

The share of total general government expenditure of gross domestic product (GDP) was 56.3 per cent in 2009. The share of total general government expenditure of GDP has last been this big in 1997. In 2008 the share was 49.3 per cent. The share of total general government expenditure of GDP was increased by both a considerable, over seven per cent fall in nominal GDP and by the still continuing growth in general government total expenditure. General government total expenditure increased by 5.7 per cent in 2009.

Consolidated Total Expenditures by Function, General Government, 2008–2009

Function Year Million euro Ratio to GDP, %
G0 All functions 2008 91 121 49,3
2009 96 300 56,3
G01 General public services 2008 12 191 6,6
2009 12 694 7,4
G02 Defence 2008 2 770 1,5
2009 2 851 1,7
G03 Public order and safety 2008 2 451 1,3
2009 2 571 1,5
G04 Economic affairs 2008 8 672 4,7
2009 8 653 5,1
G05 Environmental protection 2008 586 0,3
2009 608 0,4
G06 Housing and community amenities 2008 778 0,4
2009 890 0,5
G07 Health 2008 13 005 7,0
2009 13 668 8,0
G08 Recreation, culture and religion 2008 2 079 1,1
2009 2 090 1,2
G09 Education 2008 10 935 5,9
2009 11 357 6,6
G10 Social protection 2008 37 654 20,4
2009 40 918 23,9

In 2009 the biggest general government expenditure item was social protection with its GDP share of nearly 24 per cent. Over EUR 32 billion of social expenditure were social benefits. In 2009 nearly ten per cent more social benefits were paid than in the previous year. The second largest share of expenditure, or eight per cent of GDP went to health care.

General government consumption expenditure grew by 3.9 per cent in 2009, i.e. clearly slower than total expenditure. Consumption expenditure depicts current expenses incurred to general government from production of services.

General government total expenditure here refers to general government consolidated expenditure. Consolidated expenditure excludes property expenditure, capital transfers and income transfers between general government sub-sectors. Since total expenditure is in nature gross expenses, it includes in the case of the local government sector, for instance, acquisitions made by municipalities from their own municipal enterprises. These acquisitions are correspondingly visible in total revenue as well.


Source: National Accounts, Statistics Finland

Inquiries: Niina Suutarinen (09) 1734 3302

Director in charge: Ari Tyrkkö

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Updated 28.1.2011

Referencing instructions:

Official Statistics of Finland (OSF): General government expenditure by function [e-publication].
ISSN=1798-0828. 2009. Helsinki: Statistics Finland [referred: 12.11.2019].
Access method: http://www.stat.fi/til/jmete/2009/jmete_2009_2011-01-28_tie_001_en.html