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Published: 27 November 2013

Consumers’ confidence in the economy gained some strength in November

The consumer confidence indicator stood at 6.4 in November, having been 3.8 in October and 6.3 in September. Confidence in the economy was still weaker in November than the long-term average (12.2). The data are based on Statistics Finland’s Consumer Survey, for which 1,389 people resident in Finland were interviewed between 1 and 19 November.

Consumer confidence indicator (CCI)

Consumer confidence indicator (CCI)

Of the four components of the consumer confidence indicator, expectations concerning Finland’s economy and development of unemployment strengthened slightly in November from the previous month. By contrast, consumers’ views about their own economy and saving possibilities remained more or less unchanged in November.

In November, consumers considered the time more favourable for saving and, on the other hand, also for raising a loan than for buying durable goods.

Consumers' own and Finland's economy

In November, 33 per cent of consumers believed that Finland’s economic situation would improve in the coming twelve months, while 26 per cent of them thought that the country’s economy would deteriorate. Twelve months earlier the corresponding proportions were 21 and 38 per cent.

In all, 25 per cent of consumers believed in November that their own economy would improve and 13 per cent of them feared it would worsen over the year.

Consumers' expectations concerning their own and Finland's economy in 12 months' time

Consumers' expectations concerning their own and Finland's economy in 12 months' time

Unemployment and inflation

Altogether 13 per cent of consumers thought in November that unemployment would decrease over the year, while 55 per cent of them believed it would increase. Twelve months earlier the corresponding proportions were nine and 68 per cent.

In November, eight per cent of employed persons believed that their personal threat of unemployment had lessened over the past few months, whereas 24 per cent thought it had grown. Forty-three per cent of employed persons thought the threat had remained unchanged and 24 per cent felt that they were not threatened by unemployment at all.

Consumers predicted in November that consumer prices would go up by 2.6 per cent over the next 12 months. The long-term predicted average inflation rate is 2.3 per cent.

Buying of durable goods

In November, 36 per cent of consumers thought the time was favourable for buying durable goods. Sixteen per cent of households were fairly or very certain to buy a car and seven per cent a dwelling during the next 12 months. Nineteen per cent of households were planning to make renovations to their dwelling.

Saving and taking out a loan

A total of 54 per cent of consumers considered saving worthwhile this November. In all, 63 per cent of households had been able to lay aside some money and 76 per cent believed they would be able to do so during the next 12 months.

In November, 53 per cent of consumers regarded the time good for raising a loan. Twelve months ago the respective proportion was 62 per cent. Eleven per cent of households were planning to raise a loan within one year.

Consumers' views of the economy

  Average 10/1995- Max. 10/1995- Min. 10/1995- 11/2012 10/2013 11/2013 Outlook
A1 Consumer confidence indicator, CCI = (B2+B4+B7+D2)/4 12,2 22,9 -6,5 1,0 3,8 6,4 --
B2 Own economy in 12 months' time (balance) 8,6 14,1 2,3 4,6 6,2 6,9 -
B4 Finland's economy in 12 months' time (balance) 3,5 25,3 -27,1 -10,1 -2,5 1,8 +/-
B6 Inflation in 12 months' time (per cent) 2,3 4,6 0,6 3,2 2,7 2,6  
B7 Unemployment in Finland in 12 months' time (balance) -1,8 27,6 -51,1 -34,5 -28,0 -24,5 --
B8 Own threat of unemployment now (balance) -0,0 7,6 -18,8 -6,6 -9,4 -9,5 --
C1 Favourability of time for purchasing durables (balance) 18,9 41,8 -14,2 5,0 2,4 0,8 --
C2 Favourability of time for saving (balance) 11,4 36,8 -19,6 9,4 8,0 6,2 -
C3 Favourability of time for raising a loan (balance) 17,1 42,0 -47,1 17,5 7,9 5,9 -
D2 Household's saving possibilities in the next 12 months (balance) 38,6 52,2 10,9 43,9 39,4 41,5 +

The balance figures are obtained by deducting the weighted proportion of negative answers from that of positive answers. The consumer confidence indicator is the average of the balance figures for the CCI components. The balance figures and the confidence indicator can range between -100 and +100 – the higher (positive) balance figure, the brighter the view on the economy.

Explanations for Outlook column: ++ Outlook is very good, + Outlook is good, +/- Outlook is neutral, - Outlook is poor, -- Outlook is very poor. Deviation of balance from average has been compared to standard deviation.

The population and sample of the Survey

The population of the Consumer Survey comprises 4.4 million persons aged 15 to 84 and their 2.6 million households in Finland. The population was extended to persons aged 75 to 84 starting from January 2012. The gross size of the monthly sample of the Survey is 2,350 persons (previously 2,200 persons).

In November, the non-response rate of the Consumer Survey was 40.9 per cent. The non-response rate includes those who refused from the survey or were otherwise prevented from participating, as well as those who could not be contacted.

The extension of the population, that is, responses from persons aged 75 to 84, is estimated to have weakened the value of the consumer confidence indicator by good one unit starting from January 2012. This has primarily been caused by a drop in the balance figure of one component, namely own household's saving possibilities. The extension of the population has also somewhat affected the results on owning various home technology.

EU results

The (seasonally adjusted) Consumer Survey results for all EU countries are released on the European Commission website: European Commission, DG ECFIN, Business and Consumer Survey Results;

Source: Consumer Survey 2013, November. Statistics Finland

Inquiries: Tara Junes 09 1734 3503, Pertti Kangassalo 09 1734 3598,

Director in charge: Riitta Harala

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Updated 27.11.2013

Referencing instructions:

Official Statistics of Finland (OSF): Consumer Confidence [e-publication].
ISSN=2669-8889. November 2013. Helsinki: Statistics Finland [referred: 20.4.2024].
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