Published: 14 July 2021

Inflation 2.0 per cent in June

The year-on-year change in consumer prices calculated by Statistics Finland was 2.0 per cent in June. In May, inflation stood at 2.2 per cent. The decrease in inflation was partly due to the decrease in the year-on-year growth in fuel prices.

Inflation indicators in Finland, June 2021

  Point figure Annual change (%) Monthly change (%)
Consumer Price Index 2015=100 105.4 2.0 -0.1
Cost-of-living Index 1951:10=100 2008    
Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices 2015=100 105.8 1.9 -0.1
Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices at Constant Taxes 2015=100 104.4 1.5 -0.1

From last June to this June, increases in the prices of petrol, diesel, detached houses and capital repair on detached houses had the largest upward impacts on the consumer price index. Decreases in the prices of long-distance train journeys, regular ferry service and televisions and the average interest rates on housing loans and consumer credit had the largest downward impacts. From May to June, consumer prices fell by 0.1 per cent. Among other things, the prices of clothing and vegetables fell.

Each mid-month, Statistics Finland's interviewers collect altogether 19,000 prices on nearly 400 commodities from approximately 2,100 outlets for the Consumer Price Index. The price data is supplemented with scanner data wherefrom 5 million individual prices are included into calculation. In addition, some 1,000 items of price data are gathered by centralised collection.

According to preliminary data, inflation in the euro area was 1.9 per cent in June

According to the preliminary data on the Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices, the rate of inflation in the euro area was 1.9 per cent in June. In May it was 2.0 per cent. The corresponding figure for Finland was 1.9 per cent in June.

The Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices does not include owner-occupancy, games of chance, interests on consumption and other credits, fire insurance on owner-occupied dwellings, the vehicle tax or fishing and hunting fees. The consumption items included in the Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices, as well as the rules governing its compilation, have been defined in EU regulations.

Eurostat’s estimate of inflation in the euro area is based on preliminary data from the Member States and on the price development of energy. Eurostat will publish detailed data on Harmonised Indices of Consumer Prices for June on 16 July. Information of inflation in EU countries is available on Eurostat homepage , (http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/web/main).

The year-on-year change in the Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices at Constant Taxes was 1.5 per cent in June

The year-on-year change in the Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices stood at 1.9 per cent in June and that in the Index at Constant Taxes measuring market inflation at 1.5 per cent. Over twelve months, the combined raising impact on consumer prices from changes in commodity tax rates was thus 0.4 percentage points. The month-on-month change in the Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices was –0.1 per cent and that in the Index at Constant Taxes –0.1 per cent in June.

Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices at Constant Taxes

The inflation measured by Consumer Price Index consists mainly of products and services priced by enterprises and the public sector, and value added and commodity taxes. Some 25 per cent of the private consumption described by the Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices (HICP) consists of value added or other taxes. The Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices at Constant Taxes (HICP-CT) is based on the HICP so the two indices have the same weight structure and price data. HICP-CT is calculated with a method which holds the tax rate constant relative to the reference period. When tax changes take place, the impact of the tax change on commodity prices is eliminated from HICP-CT. The price impact of the tax changes is obtained by comparing the development of the HICP and HICP-CT.


Source: Consumer Price Index, Statistics Finland

Inquiries: Kristiina Nieminen 029 551 2957, Hannele Markkanen 029 551 3358, khi@stat.fi

Head of Department in charge: Hannele Orjala

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Updated 14.7.2021

Referencing instructions:

Official Statistics of Finland (OSF): Consumer price index [e-publication].
ISSN=1799-0254. June 2021. Helsinki: Statistics Finland [referred: 29.7.2021].
Access method: http://www.stat.fi/til/khi/2021/06/khi_2021_06_2021-07-14_tie_001_en.html