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Published: 15 April 2013

Greenhouse gas emissions in 2011

In 2011, Finland's greenhouse gas emissions amounted to 67.0 million tonnes of carbon dioxide (CO2 eq.). They declined by a total of 7.5 million carbon dioxide tonnes from the year before, falling below the commitment level of the Kyoto Protocol by around six per cent. The data are based on the report delivered by Statistics Finland to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) on 15 April 2013 concerning emissions in 2011. Compared to the preliminary data released in December 2012, the emissions were 0.2 million tonnes of carbon dioxide higher, which was mainly caused by revised figures of peat use in the energy sector.

Commitment level of the Kyoto Protocol and Finland's greenhouse gas emissions in 1990-2011 (million tonnes of CO2 eq.), excluding LULUCF sector

Commitment level of the Kyoto Protocol and Finland's greenhouse gas emissions in 1990-2011 (million tonnes of CO2 eq.), excluding LULUCF sector

The emissions decreased in all sectors compared to the previous year; the largest drop was seen in the energy sector 12 per cent (nearly 7.2 million tonnes of carbon dioxide). Fossil fuels in the production of electricity were replaced with electricity imports due to a good water situation in the Nordic countries. In addition, overall energy consumption decreased due to fallen manufacturing output and the mild weather towards the end of 2011. A majority of the emission decrease materialised in the emissions trading sector.

Net sinks in the Land use, Land-use Change and Forestry sector (LULUCF) remained at previous year's level (24.6 million tonnes of carbon dioxide).

Greenhouse gas emissions in Finland by sector. Emissions as amounts corresponding to million tonnes of carbon dioxide. Negative figures are removals

      1990 1995 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Emissions excl. LULUCF sector 70.44 70.88 69.33 68.75 80.08 78.42 70.21 66.05 74.54 67.02
  Energy sector 54.49 56.06 54.46 54.04 65.38 63.29 54.76 52.68 60.55 53.38
    Energy industries 19.19 24.12 22.12 21.92 32.87 30.80 24.09 25.13 30.49 24.63
    Manufacturing industries and construction 13.36 12.14 11.94 11.34 11.61 11.43 10.77 8.39 9.89 9.67
    Transport 12.76 11.99 12.84 13.71 13.90 14.26 13.60 12.92 13.43 13.23
    Other energy 1) 9.19 7.81 7.56 7.07 6.99 6.79 6.30 6.24 6.74 5.86
  Industrial processes 5.13 4.70 5.58 6.37 6.30 6.83 7.17 5.35 5.77 5.59
    Industrial processes (excl. F-gases) 5.02 4.60 5.01 5.44 5.47 5.87 6.11 4.40 4.57 4.52
    Consumption of F-gases 0.12 0.10 0.57 0.94 0.83 0.96 1.06 0.95 1.20 1.06
  Solvents and other products use 0.18 0.14 0.12 0.11 0.10 0.10 0.09 0.07 0.07 0.07
  Agriculture 6.66 6.07 5.89 5.83 5.83 5.83 5.92 5.76 5.95 5.87
  Waste management 3.97 3.91 3.27 2.40 2.47 2.38 2.28 2.19 2.19 2.11
LLULUCF sector -15.16 -14.14 -20.45 -29.94 -33.93 -25.71 -29.64 -39.27 -24.62 -24.58
1) Other energy includes subgategories heating of buildings, other fuel use in agriculture, forestry and fisheries, other fuel use and fugitive emissions from fuels

The monitoring under the Effort Sharing Decision of the EU's Climate and Energy Package will in future require emissions data to be broken down to emissions within and outside the emissions trading sector. The Effort Sharing Decision sets binding targets for emission reductions from the 2005 levels in the non-emissions trading sector during 2013-2020. The reduction target for Finland is 16 per cent by 2020. Between 2013 and 2020 the emissions must be on the so-called target path or below it. The path is linear and its starting point is the average of emissions from non-emissions trading sector sources in 2008-2010 and its final point is the target for emissions reduction by 2020. Emissions from non-emissions trading sector are calculated as the difference between reviewed total emissions and verified emissions of the emissions trading sector. The data on the verified emissions of the emissions trading sector are published by the Energy Market Authority.

Greenhouse gas emissions and removals broken down between emissions trading scheme sources and non-emissions trading scheme sources in 2005 and 2008-2011 (million tonnes CO2 eq.). LULUCF sector does not come under the scope of the emissions trading scheme or the reduction targets of the effort sharing decision

  2005 2008 2009 2010 2011 Change, 2010 - 2011
Total excl. LULUCF sector 68.7 70.2 66.0 74.5 67.0 -7.5
  Emissions trading sector 1) 33.1 36.2 34.4 41.3 35.1 -6.2
  Non-emissions trading sector 35.6 34.0 31.7 33.2 31.9 -1.3
LULUCF sector -29.9 -29.6 -39.3 -24.6 -24.6 0.05
1) Figures from Energy Market Authority

Source: Greenhouse gas inventory unit, Statistics Finland

Inquiries: Pia Forsell 09 1734 2937, Timo Kareinen 09 1734 3563, kasvihuonekaasut@stat.fi

Director in charge: Leena Storgårds

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Updated 15.4.2013

Referencing instructions:

Official Statistics of Finland (OSF): Greenhouse gases [e-publication].
ISSN=1797-6065. 2011. Helsinki: Statistics Finland [referred: 13.8.2022].
Access method: http://www.stat.fi/til/khki/2011/khki_2011_2013-04-15_tie_001_en.html