This is archive content that is no longer updated.

Go to the up-to-date statistics page.

A more recent publication of this set of statistics is available.

Latest publication: Consumption of hard coal 2021, December

Published: 29 October 2020

Consumption of hard coal decreased by 34 per cent in January to September

According to Statistics Finland's preliminary data, the consumption of hard coal decreased by 34 per cent in January to September this year compared with the corresponding period of last year. The consumption of hard coal as a fuel in the generation of electricity and heat amounted to 1.1 million tonnes, corresponding to 29 petajoule in energy content. In January to September, 62 per cent less hard coal was consumed than on average during this millennium.

Consumption of hard coal, 1,000 tonnes

Consumption of hard coal, 1,000 tonnes

In the third quarter, 35 per cent less hard coal was consumed than in the corresponding period of the year before. The decrease in the use of hard coal continued on the same level as in the first two quarters of the year.

Energy consumption in Finland typically fluctuates seasonally. Some of the fluctuation in the consumption of hard coal is also explained by the natural variation in the need for electricity and heat between the summer and winter seasons. The difference between individual statistical reference years can be explained by variations in the demand for heating energy caused by the weather. The decrease in the consumption of coal is affected by the ban on the use of coal for energy, which will enter into force in 2029. The use of fossil fuels has been replaced by renewable energy.

At the end of September, the stocks of coal amounted to 2.0 million tonnes, which represented a growth of eight per cent relative to the stocks at the end of June. Compared with one year back, the stocks were 11 per cent lower.

In 2019, a total of 2.383 million tonnes of hard coal were consumed. The final data on the use of hard coal for 2019 have been updated in Appendix table 1 and in the database tables.

Source: Consumption of hard coal, Statistics Finland

Inquiries: Aira Hast 029 551 3394,

Head of Department in charge: Mari Ylä-Jarkko

Publication in pdf-format (224.2 kB)


Tables in databases

Appendix tables

Revisions in these statistics

Updated 29.10.2020

Referencing instructions:

Official Statistics of Finland (OSF): Consumption of hard coal [e-publication].
ISSN=1798-2588. September 2020. Helsinki: Statistics Finland [referred: 17.8.2022].
Access method: