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Published: 31 October 2013

Energy consumption in manufacturing fell in 2012

According to Statistics Finland, the consumption of energy in manufacturing went down by around five per cent in 2012. Energy use in manufacturing totalled 541 petajoule (PJ). The use of purchased energy in manufacturing went down by four per cent from the previous year.

Use of energy in manufacturing

Use of energy in manufacturing
Includes total amounts of fuels used in manufacturing and total use of electricity and the amount of heat obtained from outside

According to the preliminary data of the Volume Index of Industrial Output, output in manufacturing went down by good two per cent during 2012. This was also visible in the energy consumption in manufacturing. The biggest energy consumer was still the forest industry, which expended 55 per cent of all energy used in manufacturing. Energy use in the forest industry diminished by three per cent from 2011. The chemical industry and the manufacture of basic metals are also major energy users in Finland. In these main industries, energy consumption also fell from the year before, in the chemical industry by around six per cent and in the manufacture of basic metals by around eight per cent. The only industries where energy use grew compared with the previous year were mining and quarrying and textile industry. According to preliminary data, manufacturing accounted for around 46 per cent of final energy consumption, which has also gone down from the year before.

In 2012, wood fuels were the used most energy sources in manufacturing. Their use was around one-third of consumed energy. Wood fuels were used particularly in the forest industry. The amount of wood fuels used grew from the previous year. In turn, the use of oil, natural gas, coal and peat as an energy source went down. The amount of oil used by manufacturing diminished by 14 per cent from the year before.

The total use of electricity in manufacturing was 40 terawatt hours (TWh) in 2012. Fifty-two per cent of the electricity used in manufacturing was consumed in the forest industry. The chemical industry accounted for 16 per cent and the manufacture of basic metals for 14 per cent of the total use of electricity. The total use of electricity grew in the textile and clothing industry, in the manufacture of basic metals and in mining and quarrying. The use of electricity decreased in all other main industriesy.

The use volume of heat obtained from outside went down from 2011. Almost one-half of obtained heat was used in the forest industry. Other major users of heat obtained from outside were the chemical industry, the manufacture of basic metals and the food industry. Heat produced by manufacturing for own use is included in the fuels consumed in manufacturingy.


Source: Energy use in manufacturing, Statistics Finland

Inquiries: Kirsi-Marja Aalto 09 1734 3442, energia@tilastokeskus.fi

Director in charge: Leena Storgårds

Publication in pdf-format (349.4 kB)

Tables

Appendix tables

Figures

Updated 31.10.2013

Referencing instructions:

Official Statistics of Finland (OSF): Energy use in manufacturing [e-publication].
ISSN=1798-7776. 2012. Helsinki: Statistics Finland [referred: 1.7.2022].
Access method: http://www.stat.fi/til/tene/2012/tene_2012_2013-10-31_tie_001_en.html