Published: 26 September 2018

Greenhouse gas emissions in energy supply and transportation grew in 2016

Greenhouse gas emissions produced by Finnish residents and other emissions not included in greenhouse gases grew in 2016. Greenhouse gas emissions produced by Finnish residents in Finland and abroad amounted to 62.7 million tonnes, which was 6.5 per cent more than in the previous year. Carbon dioxide emissions from biomass grew by 2.9 per cent from the previous year, being 39.8 million tonnes in 2016. Particulate matter emissions also grew, up by 3.4 per cent to 33.6 thousand tonnes. Other emissions into air except for ammonia emissions and sulphur dioxide emissions grew from the previous year. The growth was biggest in greenhouse gas emissions in transportation and storage, where emissions grew by 13.5 per cent from the previous year. Emissions in energy supply also increased by 12.6 per cent from the previous year.

Greenhouse gas emissions by industry 2015 and 2016, million tonnes CO2 equivalent

Greenhouse gas emissions by industry 2015 and 2016, million tonnes CO2 equivalent

The biggest reason for the increase in greenhouse gas emissions was the fall in the share of biofuels in transport fuels. This is particularly visible in the industry of land transport, where emissions grew by 20 per cent from the previous year and in households where emissions increased by 5.1 per cent compared to 2015. Households grew particularly due to emissions generated in heating of dwellings. The growth in emissions in energy supply was mainly caused by increased hard coal combustion.

Carbon dioxide emissions from biomass grew for households by 5.6 per cent from the previous year, which was primarily due to increased wood combustion in heating of dwellings. The use of biofuels, such as wood, also grew in energy supply, which increased carbon dioxide emissions from biomass by 8.1 per cent from the previous year. Carbon dioxide emissions from biomass are generated from combustion of biomass.

In particulate matter emissions, the growth was biggest in households, where emissions grew by 6.5 per cent from the previous year. The growth was particularly caused by increased used of wood in heating of buildings. Particulate matter emissions in energy supply also grew by 6.2 per cent from the previous year, which was due to increased combustion of hard coal and wood.

Emissions into air by industry groups 2016, tonnes

  Greenhouse gases (CO2-foss, CH4, N2O, HFC, PFC, SF6) CO2-eq. Carbon dioxide emissions from biomass (CO2-bio) Particles, < 10 m (PM 10) Carbon monoxide (CO) Ammonia (NH3)
Agriculture, fishing and aquaculture, hunting 7 812 406 681 561 3 633 17 015 28 151
Forestry 329 676 2 560 99 6 403 3
Mining and quarrying 422 757 5 000 1 959 1 569 0
Food industry 243 336 17 248 422 177 1
Forest industry 3 114 560 20 528 637 2 541 25 260 50
Oil refining and manufacture of chemicals 3 909 147 165 146 623 1 074 298
Manufacture of basic metals and fabricated metal products 3 728 983 2 822 514 1 676 115
Other industries 1 589 670 105 920 449 330 111
Energy management 17 269 384 11 231 070 1 421 20 731 10
Water supply and waste management 2 602 415 318 647 76 544 101
Construction 1 451 345 26 160 521 6 973 40
Trade 640 014 19 364 66 484 7
Land transport 4 105 767 178 606 1 907 5 231 244
Water transport 2 983 481 182 829 945 9 557 4
Air transport 3 111 750 13 649 281 5 173 18
Support activities for transportation, postal activities 107 645 17 590 370 505 2
Real estate activities 88 018 19 365 31 414 3
Other service activities and administration 2 175 644 155 576 1 743 22 062 83
Households 7 041 457 6 147 018 16 034 220 233 1 798
TOTAL 62 727 455 39 818 768 33 635 345 411 31 039

The statistics on emissions into air by industry are calculated according to the EU Regulation on environmental accounts. The goal of environmental accounts is to describe the interaction between the environment and the economy by mainly using the same basic concepts and classifications as national accounts (ESA 2010). The industrial classification and division used in the statistics differ from the sector division used in the reporting of the greenhouse gas emissions to the UNFCCC. The statistics do not take into consideration the amount of carbon dioxide absorbed by forest or other vegetation either.

Differing from the greenhouse gas inventory and greenhouse gas reporting, the statistics on emissions into air by industry also contain Finnish residents' emissions from land, water and air transport abroad. In turn, emissions by foreign citizens from transport on Finnish territory are subtracted from the emissions into air by industry. Due to definitional differences, the total volume of greenhouse gas emissions by industry is higher than in the Greenhouse Gas Inventory reported to the UNFCCC.


Source: Emissions into air by industry 2016, Statistics Finland

Inquiries: Juuso Peltola 029 551 2330, ymparistotilinpito@stat.fi

Director in charge: Ville Vertanen

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Updated 26.9.2018

Referencing instructions:

Official Statistics of Finland (OSF): Emissions into air by industry [e-publication].
ISSN=2323-7600. 2016. Helsinki: Statistics Finland [referred: 22.7.2019].
Access method: http://www.stat.fi/til/tilma/2016/tilma_2016_2018-09-26_tie_001_en.html