Published: 7 June 2019

Private sector cost of an hour worked increased by 0.5 per cent in January to March year-on-year

According to Statistics Finland, private sector labour costs increased by 0.5 per cent in January to Mars 2019 when compared with the respective period of the year before. Seasonally adjusted labour costs went up by 1.8 per cent in January to Mars 2019.

In the private sector, labour costs without one-off pay items, such as performance-based bonuses, increased by 1.3 per cent in January to Mars 2019 compared to the corresponding quarter one year ago. Over the same period, the index of wage and salary earnings for the private sector went up by 2.2 per cent.

Year-on-year change in labour costs in the private sector from the corresponding quarter of the previous year

Year-on-year change in labour costs in the private sector from the corresponding quarter of the previous year

In the central government sector, the cost of an hour worked increased by 1.1 per cent in January to Mars 2019 when compared with the respective period of the year before. Seasonally adjusted labour costs went up by 3.1 per cent. The rise in costs was mainly due to the growth in wages and salaries subject to preliminary withholding tax. Over the same quarter, the index of wage and salary earnings in the central government sector went up by 2.6 per cent.

In the local government sector, the cost of an hour worked increased by 5.7 per cent in January to Mars 2019 when compared with the respective period of the year before. The year-on-year change in labour costs without one-off pay items increase was 4.1 per cent. Seasonally adjusted labour costs went up by 4.2 per cent. Over the same period, the index of wage and salary earnings in the local government sector went up by 3.6 per cent.

Year-on-year change in labour costs according to TOL 2008 and sector, 1th quarter 2019

Code Industry/Sector Labour costs,
year-on-year change
Labour costs Labour costs,
without one-off pay items
Labour costs, seasonally adjusted
B to S Total, private sector 0,5 1,3 1,8
B to E Manufacturing -1,4 0,2 1,0
F Construction 3,7 3,7 3,8
G to N Business service activities 0,2 0,8 0,3
J to R Central government 1,1 1,6 3,1
D to S Local government 5,7 4,1 4,2

The cost per an hour worked went down by 1.4 per cent in manufacturing industries (B to E), went up by 3.7 per cent in construction (F) and by 0.2 per cent in business service activities (G to N) in January to Mars 2019.

In manufacturing industries in the first quarter of 2019, there was a rise of 0.1 per cent in the forest industry. In the food industry costs went up by 0.7 per cent and in the chemical industry labour costs went up 4.6 per cent respectively and in the metal industry costs went down 3.8 per cent. Among service industries, the biggest rise in costs, 1.5 per cent, was in wholesale and trade. In transportation and storage activities, costs decreased by 1.8 per cent.

The seasonally adjusted cost of an hour worked in all manufacturing (B to E) went up by 1.0 per cent in January to Mars 2019 compared with the corresponding period last year. In construction (F), the seasonally adjusted cost of an hour worked increased by 3.8 per cent and in business service activities (G to N) increased by 0.3 per cent.

In manufacturing industries seasonally adjusted cost of an hour worked went up by 1.9 per cent in the forest industry and in chemical industry labour costs went up 4.5 per cent in the January to Mars period of 2019 from the same period of the previous year. In business service activities, seasonally adjusted costs rose by 1.7 per cent in trade and went down by 1.7 per cent in transportation and storage. In financial and incurance activities there was a 0.2 per cent decrease in the seasonally adjusted costs.

Starting from the first quarter of 2019, the wages and salaries sum of the labour cost index is based on the Incomes Register. Due to this change, there may be some uncertainty in the wages and salaries sum, which has an effect on the statistics.

The Labour Cost Index measures the change in wage and salary costs calculated per hour worked. Hours actually worked refer to the working hours an employee has spent on his/her actual duties. Hours worked include Sunday and overtime work but not paid hours off work, like the hours of annual leaves, national holidays or paid sickness absences.

In the index, hours worked or the structure of personnel have not been standardised. The cost of an hour worked is calculated directly as the ratio of industry-specific wages and salaries sum and social insurance contributions to the hours worked for each quarter. The change in average labour costs is affected by changes in regular earnings, performance-based bonuses and other one-off pay components, social insurance contributions, as well as changes in the number of hours worked and the structure of the labour force.


Source: Wages, Salaries and Labour Costs, Statistics Finland

Inquiries: Pekka Haapala 029 551 3460, Tanja Jumisko 029 551 3695, Olli Ruuska 029 551 3274, tvkindeksi@stat.fi

Director in charge: Mari Ylä-Jarkko

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Tables

Tables in databases

Appendix tables

Revisions in these statistics

Updated 7.6.2019

Referencing instructions:

Official Statistics of Finland (OSF): Labour cost index [e-publication].
ISSN=1798-3746. 1st quarter 2019. Helsinki: Statistics Finland [referred: 26.6.2019].
Access method: http://www.stat.fi/til/tvki/2019/01/tvki_2019_01_2019-06-07_tie_001_en.html