Appendix table 2. Structure of labour costs by sector in 2016

Labour cost item Sectors, total Private sector, total (B-S) Private sector manufacturing and construction (B-F) Private sector services (G-S) Local government sector Central government
1. Direct earnings 60.5 61.0 60.4 61.3 58.1 62.9
2. One-off items 6.2 6.8 7.9 6.2 4.9 3.9
2.1. Performance-based bonuses 1.7 2.2 2.7 1.9 0.2 0.2
2.2. Other one-off items 4.5 4.6 5.2 4.2 4.7 3.7
3. Personnel funds .. 0.1 0.1 0.1 - -
4. Remuneration for days off 9.3 8.6 8.1 8.9 10.6 13.0
4.1. Holiday pay .. 6.1 5.9 6.2 .. 10.3
4.2. Pay for mid-week holidays .. 1.3 1.2 1.3 .. 2.5
4.3. Total pay for other time off .. 1.3 1.0 1.4 .. 0.2
5. Benefits in kind 1.2 1.6 1.5 1.6 0.1 0.4
6. Social security costs 21.5 20.5 20.7 20.4 25.4 19.0
6.1. Actual social security costs 19.7 18.9 19.1 18.9 23.0 17.0
Statutory social insurance contributions 19.5 18.6 18.7 18.5 23.0 16.9
6.1.1 Employment pension contributions 15.1 14.1 14.1 14.1 18.6 14.8
6.1.2. Social security contribution 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.7
6.1.3. Unemployment insurance contributions .. 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.4 -
6.1.4. Accident insurance contributions 0.5 0.5 0.7 0.4 0.3 0.4
Agreement-based and voluntary social insurance contributions 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.1 0.0
6.1.5. Supplementary pension contributions .. 0.2 0.2 0.2 - -
6.1.6. Group life insurance contributions 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0
6.1.7. Leisure time and liability insurance contributions .. 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0 -
6.2. Imputed social security costs 1.8 1.6 1.6 1.6 2.4 2.0
6.2.1 Pay during sick leave and pay related to child birth and child care, 1.4 1.2 1.2 1.1 2.2 1.2
- reimbursement of pay for periods of sickness -0.7 -0.5 -0.4 -0.6 -1.2 -0.8
6.2.2. Occupational health care (net) 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.8
7. In-service training 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.7 0.6 0.6
8. Other labour costs 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.7 0.3 0.2
9. Labour costs before employers subsidies 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
10. Monetary pay= 1+2+4+6.2.1 77.4 77.6 77.6 77.6 75.7 81.0
11. Employers subsidies -0.2 -0.1 -0.0 -0.2 -0.4 -

Source: Labour cost survey 2016 Statistics Finland

Inquiries: Pekka Haapala 029 551 3460, Olli Ruuska 029 551 3274, tvk@stat.fi

Director in charge: Mari Ylä-Jarkko


Updated 16.11.2018

Referencing instructions:

Official Statistics of Finland (OSF): Labour cost survey [e-publication].
ISSN=1799-3288. 2016, Appendix table 2. Structure of labour costs by sector in 2016 . Helsinki: Statistics Finland [referred: 16.7.2019].
Access method: http://www.stat.fi/til/tvtutk/2016/tvtutk_2016_2018-11-16_tau_002_en.html