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8 Notes to the appendix tables

  • Small figures concerning no more than 4,000 persons that are presented in the tables should be viewed with reservations because they are based on a low number of respondents.

  • Symbols used in the tables:

    Magnitude less than half of unit employed “0”

    Nil to report or data too uncertain for presentation “.”

  • Due to rounding , the sums in the tables may not always agree.

  • The National Classification of Education 2016 which is based on the ISCED 2011 classification, has been used in the Labour Force Survey since 2016.  Category 3, upper secondary level education of the previous classification of education 2011 has been divided into upper secondary education (category 3) and specialist vocational qualifications (category 4). In Appendix tables 9 and 25, both of these categories (3, 4) are included in upper secondary level education.

  • Starting from 2018, education data are from the Register of Completed Education and Degrees for the year before the survey year. Education data for previous years are from the Register of Completed Education and Degrees in the survey year. 

  • The category “total” of data by industry and by employer sector includes those whose industrial status or employer sector is unknown.

Source: Labour Force Survey 2019. Statistics Finland

Inquiries: Ulla Hannula 029 551 2924, Tatu Leskinen 029 551 3285,

Director in charge: Jari Tarkoma

Updated 7.5.2020

Referencing instructions:

Official Statistics of Finland (OSF): Labour force survey [e-publication].
ISSN=1798-7857. Employment and unemployment 2019, 8 Notes to the appendix tables . Helsinki: Statistics Finland [referred: 3.6.2023].
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