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Published: 22 October 2020

Only under 9,000 emigrations from Finland during January-September

According to Statistics Finland's preliminary data, Finland's population at the end of September was 5,533,390. During January–September Finland's population increased by 8,098 persons. The reason for the population increase was migration gain from abroad: the number of immigrants was 13,616 higher than that of emigrants. The number of births was 5,579 lower than that of deaths.

Population increase by month 2017–2020*

Population increase by month 2017–2020*

According to the preliminary statistics for January–September a total of 35,227 children were born, which is 690 more than in the corresponding period 2019. Slightly over one hundred children were born on leap day in 2020. The number of deaths was 40,806 which is 715 higher than one year earlier.

In January to September, 22,405 persons moved to Finland from abroad and 8,789 persons moved abroad from Finland. The effects of the restrictions due to the corona virus are visible in these figures on international migration. The number of immigrants was 2,908 lower and the number of emigrants 4,656 lower than in the previous year. The number of emigrants in January to September has last been under 9,000 in the end of 1990s. In all, 7,360 of the immigrants and 5,811 of the emigrants were Finnish citizens.

According to the preliminary data, the number of inter-municipal migrations totalled 229,284 by the end of September. Compared with the previous year, the increase was 5,663 migrations according to the municipal division of 2020.

Same-sex marriages took legal effect in March 2017. During January–September 2020, same-sex partners entered into 285 marriages of which 197 were between two women and 88 between two men.

According to preliminary data by region, the population grew in Uusimaa, Pirkanmaa, Southwest Finland, North Ostrobothnia, Åland and Ostrobothnia between January–September of 2020.

The population grew most in absolute numbers in Uusimaa, where it grew by 10,723 persons. The next largest increase in population was seen in Pirkanmaa, 2,866 persons. Relative to the population, population growth was highest in Uusimaa, 6.3 per mil, in Åland, 5.7 per mil and in Pirkanmaa, 5.5 per mil. Population loss was highest in absolute numbers in the region of Kymenlaakso that lost 1,263 persons of its population. The population of South Savo decreased by 1,185 persons, which was the second biggest population loss. Relative to the population, the biggest population loss was found in South Savo and Kymenlaakso, in South Savo 8.4 per mil and Kymenlaakso 7.4 per mil.

Most migration gain from intramunicipal and international migration was collected by Uusimaa, 7,990 persons and Pirkanmaa, 3,126 persons. Most migration gain in relative terms based on total net migration was attained by Pirkanmaa, 6.0 per mil and Uusimaa and Åland, both 4.7 per mil.

In absolute numbers, migration loss from total net migration was biggest in the region of Kymenlaasko, 345 persons. In the region of South Ostrobothnia the loss was 320 persons. In relative terms, the biggest migration loss from total net migration was found in the region of Central Ostrobothnia, 3.1 per mil of the population.

During January–September 2020, migration between regions numbered 108,472. The positive gain from migration between regions was seen in Pirkanmaa, Uusimaa, Southwest Finland, Central Finland and Kanta-Häme. In absolute numbers, the highest gain from migration between regions was received by Pirkanmaa, 2,096 persons. Also, the relative migration gain was highest in Pirkanmaa, 4.0 per mil of the population.

Migration loss from migration between regions was biggest in absolute numbers in the region of Kymenlaakso, 727 persons. Migration loss from migration between regions was biggest in relative terms in the region of Central Ostrobothnia, 4.5 per mil of the population.

Source: Preliminary population statistics, Statistics Finland

Inquiries: Juhana Nordberg 029 551 3051, Joonas Toivola 029 551 3355, Laura Lipasti 029 551 3041,

Head of Department in charge: Hannele Orjala

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Updated 22.10.2020

Referencing instructions:

Official Statistics of Finland (OSF): Preliminary population statistics [e-publication].
ISSN=2243-3627. September 2020. Helsinki: Statistics Finland [referred: 9.12.2023].
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