Causes of death

Producer: Statistics Finland
Homepage: http://
Main topic: Health
Related topics: Population
Official Statistics of Finland (OSF): Yes
European Statistical System (ESS): Yes


Statistics Finland produces statistics on causes of death and on the development of mortality. It also maintains an archive of death certificates from which information or copies of death certificates can be obtained for purposes prescribed in law. The statistics on causes of death are compiled from data obtained from death certificates, which are supplemented with data from the population information system of the Population Register Centre. The statistics on causes of death cover the persons who have died in Finland or abroad during the calendar year and who at the time of death were domiciled in Finland.

Data content

The statistics on causes of deaths contain data on deaths and mortality by cause of death, age, gender, marital status and other demographic variables. The statistics also contain data on the circumstances of death, as well as on perinatal, neonatal and infant mortality. The annual statistics are compiled by the so-called statistical underlying cause of death. Other causes of death (see list) are used in producing special compilation.

The data on causes of deaths are also combined with the longitudinal population census and employment data, and the formed time series are used to study the effect of socio-economic factors on mortality and connections between an occupation and mortality.

Classifications used

Since 1996, the statistics have been compiled according to the 10th revision of the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-10). For classifications used prior to this and comparable classifications between different years, see Classifications of causes of deaths. The statistics are available by all regional divisions based on municipalities. However, data by municipality are subject to user licence. (User licence procedure, see archive of death certificates).

Data collection methods and data sources

The statistics are based on data in death certificates and on those on deaths in the Central Population Register.

Updating frequency

The statistics on causes of deaths are produced annually.

Time of completion or release

Data for the preceding year will be ready in the end of the following year.

Time series

Statistics Finland has in its possession death certificates starting from 1936, from which year statistics on causes of death are also available from Statistics Finland. Starting from 1969, the data are available as a combined file, or so-called longitudinal file on causes of deaths. For a description of this file and the classifications that have been used in different years see classifications of causes of deaths.


accidents, alcohol, autopsy, causes of death, death certificates, diseases, infant mortality, intoxicants, maternal mortality, mortality, occupational accidents, perinatal mortality, suicides, traffic fatalities, violence

Contact information

Last updated 27.12.2011