News 10.12.2014

Statistical Yearbook of Finland describes changes in Finland

Statistics Finland's newly published Statistical Yearbook of Finland 2014 describes in great detail society and its development in Finland over the past years and decades.

In addition to the latest data, this comprehensive volume of statistics contains long time series and regional data, as well as plenty of comparison data on other countries. The book is in Finnish, Swedish and English, and contains 692 pages and 689 tables. The Yearbook has been published since 1879.

Extracts from the contents of the Statistical Yearbook of Finland 2014:

  • Finland's population went over the two million mark in 1879, three million was exceeded in 1912, four million in 1950, and five million in 1991. At the end of 2013, the population was 5,451,270. The population increased by nearly 25,000 persons from the year before.
  • In 2013, the average life expectancy at birth for boys was 77.8 years and for girls, 83.8 years. In the 1920s, the life expectancy of both boys and girls exceeded 50 years for the first time. The life expectancy was over 70 years for boys in the 1980s and for girls already in the 1950s.
  • Last year, around 32,000 persons moved to Finland and nearly 14,000 persons moved away from Finland, so net migration was good 18,000 persons. During 1969 and 1970, a total of 107,312 persons moved away from Finland, which was 76,880 persons more than moved to Finland. Since 1981, more people have moved to Finland than away from here every year.
  • Last year, there were 2,599,613 household-dwelling units of which 42 per cent were one-person household-dwelling units and 33 per cent were two-person household-dwelling units. In 1980, there were 27 per cent of one-person household-dwelling units and 26 per cent of two-person household-dwelling units.
  • Last year, 27 per cent of households' expenditure were used on housing and energy, 13 per cent on food and non-alcoholic beverages, 12 per cent on transport, and 11 per cent on recreation and culture. In 1980, households spent 21 per cent on food and non-alcoholic beverages, 19 per cent on housing and energy, 14 per cent on transport, and 10 per cent on recreation and culture.
  • In the year before last, 40 per cent of the population aged 15 or over held upper secondary level educational qualifications and 29 per cent tertiary level qualifications. In 1980, 25 per cent had upper secondary level educational qualifications and 13 per cent tertiary level qualifications.
  • Last year, there were 121 industrial disputes and altogether 25,999 working days were lost in them. Since the 1970s, most industrial disputes were arranged in 1976, when they amounted to 3,282. Most working days were, however, lost in 1986, when 2,787,600 working days were lost in 1,225 industrial disputes.
  • The most spoken language in the world last year was Chinese, which was spoken as a native language by 1.2 billion persons. There were 406 million Spanish speakers and 335 million English speakers. After these, the most common languages were Hindi, Arabic and Portuguese, each of which were spoken as a native language by over 200 million people.

Source: Statistical Yearbook of Finland 2014. Statistics Finland. Price EUR 80 (incl. VAT).
The publication can be ordered from the customer service of Edita Publishing Oy, tel. +358 20 450 05 or from Edita's online store. The Yearbook can be downloaded in PDF format at tilastokeskus.fi/vuosikirja2014.

Inquiries: Nina Koivula +358 29 551 3676


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