Published: 12 December 2007
According to Statistics Finland, total consumption of primary energy amounted to 1,492 petajoules in 2006, which was nine per cent more than in the previous year. Consumption of electricity totalled 90 terawatt hours (TWh), i.e. over six per cent more than in 2005. Carbon dioxide emissions from the production and use of energy went up by 21 per cent from the year before.
Total energy consumption and emissions increased because the production of condensate electricity more than tripled from its low level in the previous year and, at the same time, net imports of electricity fell. This was because the demand for electricity went up but less hydro power was available in the Nordic countries. The production of condensate electricity and, respectively, the consumption of fuels for it, fluctuate strongly from year to year according to the availability of Nordic hydro power. Production of condensate power is high during dry periods but very low during years with plentiful water supplies. The primary reason for the sizeable increase in the consumption of electricity was the previous year's labour dispute in the forest industry, which meant that industry's demand for electricity was below normal in 2005.
In 2006, the use of fossil fuels increased by 15 per cent and the use of peat by 36 per cent from the previous year. Use of coal went up by as much as 66 per cent. Use of renewable energy also increased clearly, by eight per cent. The use of waste liquor from industry that had fallen because of the previous year's labour dispute in the forest industry returned to normal and increased in energy production by 18 per cent from the year before.
Carbon dioxide emissions from the production and consumption of energy rose due to the increased consumption of fossil fuels and peat. Emissions totalled approximately 64 million tonnes, as against nearly 53 million tonnes in the previous year. The increase amounted to 21 per cent.
The production of electricity increased considerably, or by as much as 16 per cent, in Finland. Both production of condensate power and combined electricity grew, whereas production of hydro power and nuclear power fell. Last year was exceptionally dry in the Nordic countries right up to late autumn, so production of hydro power diminished not only in Finland, but also in Sweden and Norway. Much like in earlier exceptionally dry years, Finland became a net exporter of electricity to the west because of this. Imports of electricity from Russia were again high.
Energy consumption 2005 - 2006, terajoule
|Oil||364 934||362 165||1 %|
|Wood fuels||309 040||275 508||12 %|
|Nuclear energy||240 040||243 887||-2 %|
|Coal||214 729||129 224||66 %|
|Natural gas||159 408||149 148||7 %|
|Peat||93 600||68 784||36 %|
|Hydro power||41 277||48 947||-16 %|
|Net imports of electricity||41 042||61 255||-33 %|
|Others||28 224||27 515||3 %|
|Total||1 492 293||1 366 433||9 %|
Link to Statistical release on greenhouse gas emissions (12 Dec. 2007).
Source: Energy Statistics, Yearbook 2007. Statistics Finland (due out in early 2008)
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Last updated 12.12.2007