Published: 23 April 2010

Emissions below the Kyoto Protocol target level

According to Statistics Finland, Finland’s greenhouse gas emissions were 1.2 per cent below the Kyoto Protocol target level in 2008. Emissions amounted to 70.1 million tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent (Mt CO2 eq.), or 10 per cent less than in the previous year. These data derive from the greenhouse gas inventory Finland submitted to the UNFCCC on 15 April. The trend in the emissions and factors affecting it, as well as the monitoring of the commitments under the Kyoto Protocol are described in detail in the recent Finnish-language publication Suomen kasvihuonekaasupäästöt vuosina 1990–2008 .

Figure 1. Development of greenhouse gas emissions by sector in Finland 1990-2008

Figure 1. Development of greenhouse gas emissions by sector in Finland 1990-2008

The aforementioned greenhouse gas emissions in Finland agree with the preliminary data released on 4 December 2009. Emissions from the energy sector accounted for 78 per cent of total emissions in 2008. Emissions from the energy industry (-21%), manufacturing and construction (-6%) and other energy sector emissions (-6%) decreased significantly from 2007. Emissions from transport (-4%) and the waste sector (-7%) were also lower than in the previous year. By contrast, emissions from industrial processes (+5%), F-gas emissions (+10%) and emissions from agriculture (+2%) went up from the year before.

In 2008, the net removals of the Land Use, Land-Use Change and Forestry (LULUCF) sector amounted to 35.4 Mt of carbon dioxide equivalent, which was approximately 15 per cent more than in the year before. The increase was mainly due to reduced volumes of fellings from the previous year. The LULUCF sector is not included in full amounts in the emission reduction commitment under the Kyoto Protocol. Only the emissions and sinks of deforestation, afforestation/reforestation and forest management are taken into account in Finland’s commitment. These activities ease Finland’s emission reduction burden annually by 0.58 Mt CO2 eq. However, the compensation is not received until after the commitment period has ended.

Table 1. Finland's greenhouse gas emissions exclusive of land use, land-use change and forestry sector (see Table 2). Emissions as amounts corresponding to million tonnes of CO2

Year Energy Industrial processes Solvents and other product use Agriculture Waste Total
Energy industries Manufacturing industries and construction Transport Other energy Industrial processes (excl. F-gases) F-gases
1990 19.19 13.36 12.79 9.18 4.98 0.09 0.18 6.62 3.97 70.36
1991 18.96 12.83 12.43 8.85 4.61 0.07 0.17 6.23 4.01 68.17
1992 18.73 12.30 12.35 8.97 4.35 0.04 0.16 5.82 4.03 66.75
1993 21.47 12.41 11.88 8.55 4.42 0.03 0.15 5.91 4.02 68.85
1994 26.40 12.70 12.23 8.22 4.60 0.04 0.15 5.94 3.97 74.24
1995 24.12 12.14 12.02 7.78 4.54 0.10 0.14 6.02 3.91 70.78
1996 29.83 12.00 12.00 7.92 4.71 0.15 0.14 6.01 3.82 76.58
1997 27.44 12.28 12.59 7.87 4.92 0.24 0.14 5.99 3.72 75.18
1998 24.18 11.94 12.74 8.14 4.85 0.30 0.14 5.85 3.55 71.69
1999 23.66 11.92 12.94 7.85 4.92 0.40 0.14 5.74 3.48 71.04
2000 22.12 11.94 12.84 7.49 4.94 0.57 0.12 5.81 3.27 69.11
2001 27.51 11.49 12.96 7.72 4.92 0.72 0.12 5.77 3.14 74.36
2002 30.26 11.17 13.14 7.66 4.86 0.53 0.11 5.81 2.92 76.48
2003 37.21 11.54 13.35 7.60 5.17 0.72 0.10 5.81 2.75 84.25
2004 32.97 11.64 13.69 7.28 5.45 0.74 0.11 5.74 2.61 80.21
2005 21.92 11.34 13.72 6.98 5.30 0.91 0.11 5.74 2.41 68.43
2006 32.88 11.63 13.90 6.80 5.35 0.80 0.10 5.73 2.46 79.65
2007 30.82 11.45 14.26 6.64 5.74 0.95 0.10 5.72 2.38 78.07
2008 24.28 10.80 13.63 6.28 5.99 1.05 0.09 5.83 2.20 70.14

Table 2. Emissions and removals of the land use, land-use change and forestry sector in Finland. Emissions and sinks as amounts corresponding to million tonnes of CO2 (emissions are positive figures, removals negative)

Year Forest land Cropland Grassland Peat production areas Harvested wood products Total
1990 -21.57 5.78 -0.26 1.01 -0.95 -15.99
1991 -35.77 5.15 -0.25 1.03 0.31 -29.53
1992 -28.21 4.93 -0.24 1.07 -0.22 -22.67
1993 -26.13 5.16 -0.23 1.09 -0.09 -20.21
1994 -18.01 5.11 -0.22 1.12 -0.76 -12.75
1995 -19.49 5.39 -0.22 1.14 -0.87 -14.06
1996 -29.28 5.39 -0.21 1.17 -1.05 -23.98
1997 -24.60 5.46 -0.21 1.20 -2.12 -20.27
1998 -23.06 5.36 -0.21 1.24 -1.77 -18.44
1999 -25.66 5.29 -0.19 1.26 -2.04 -21.34
2000 -27.67 5.24 -0.17 1.28 -1.27 -22.59
2001 -32.38 5.30 -0.16 1.28 -0.31 -26.27
2002 -32.89 5.33 -0.13 1.26 -0.44 -26.87
2003 -32.87 5.15 -0.11 1.27 -0.89 -27.44
2004 -34.55 5.21 -0.08 1.33 -0.83 -28.92
2005 -39.02 5.28 -0.05 1.31 -0.34 -32.82
2006 -44.08 5.38 -0.03 1.31 -0.45 -37.85
2007 -36.10 5.35 0.00 1.31 -1.21 -30.65
2008 -41.93 5.32 0.00 1.31 -0.09 -35.39

Source: Greenhouse gas inventory unit, Statistics Finland

Inquiries: Riitta Pipatti (09) 1734 3543, Timo Kareinen (09) 1734 3528, kasvihuonekaasut@stat.fi

Director in charge: Leena Storgårds

Publication in pdf-format (10 pages 319.1 kB)

Tables

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Updated 23.04.2010

Referencing instructions:

Official Statistics of Finland (OSF): Greenhouse gases [e-publication].
ISSN=1797-6065. 2008. Helsinki: Statistics Finland [referred: 1.11.2014].
Access method: http://www.stat.fi/til/khki/2008/khki_2008_2010-04-23_tie_001_en.html.

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