Published: 28 April 2011

Finland's greenhouse gas emissions in 2009 nearly 7 per cent below the commitment level of the Kyoto Protocol

Greenhouse gas emissions in 2009 amounted to 66.3 million tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent (t CO2 eq.). The economic downturn was reflected in the greenhouse gas emissions of 2009 in several sectors. Compared with the previous year, emissions decreased by 5.8 per cent. Emissions from energy use of manufacturing diminished most significantly (23%). These data derive from Finland’s greenhouse gas inventory delivered by Statistics Finland to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) on 15 April 2011.

Development of greenhouse gas emissions by sector in Finland 1990-2009

Development of greenhouse gas emissions by sector in Finland 1990-2009

Greenhouse gas emissions from the energy sector fell by nearly four per cent from 2008. Energy use of manufacturing decreased along with the economic recession and emissions there diminished by 23 per cent. Emissions from electricity and district heat production, however, increased by five per cent as consumption of coal grew in separate production of electricity. The recession was also visible in the decrease in emissions from transport. The use of liquid biofuels also contributed to the five per cent decline in emissions from transport.

Emissions from industrial processes diminished in 2009 by good one quarter from the year before as the production of iron, cement and lime, for instance, contracted along with the recession. The decrease in emissions generated in the production of nitric acid was primarily due to the new emission reduction method implemented in 2009.

Emissions from agriculture have decreased by 14 per cent from 1990. Compared with 2008, the decrease has been around 3.5 per cent. The emissions have diminished due to the decline in nitrogen fertilization, the fallen number of livestock and the intensification of manure treatment.

In the waste sector, the recession had an impact on the amount of waste generated both by municipal waste and those originating from manufacturing. The increase in combustion of waste had a significant effect on the four per cent decline in emissions in the waste sector.

Finland's greenhouse gas emissions without the Land use, Land-Use Change and Forestry (LULUCF) sector (see table below). Emissions as amounts corresponding to million tonnes of CO2

Year Energy Industrial processes Solvents and other products use Agriculture Waste management Emissions without LULUCF
Energy industries Manufacturing industries and construction (emissions from energy use of fuels) Transport Other fuel use 1) Other industrial processes Consumption of F-gases
1990 19.19 13.36 12.76 9.18 4.98 0.09 0.18 6.66 3.97 70.36
1991 18.96 12.83 12.40 8.85 4.61 0.07 0.17 6.27 4.01 68.17
1992 18.73 12.30 12.32 8.97 4.35 0.04 0.16 5.86 4.03 66.75
1993 21.47 12.41 11.85 8.55 4.43 0.03 0.15 5.94 4.02 68.86
1994 26.40 12.70 12.20 8.22 4.60 0.04 0.15 5.97 3.97 74.24
1995 24.12 12.14 11.99 7.78 4.54 0.10 0.14 6.05 3.91 70.78
1996 29.83 12.00 11.98 7.92 4.72 0.15 0.14 5.96 3.82 76.51
1997 27.44 12.27 12.55 7.87 4.93 0.24 0.14 5.97 3.72 75.13
1998 24.18 11.94 12.70 8.14 4.87 0.30 0.14 5.85 3.55 71.67
1999 23.66 11.92 12.94 7.86 4.96 0.37 0.14 5.76 3.48 71.08
2000 22.12 11.94 12.84 7.49 4.98 0.54 0.12 5.85 3.27 69.16
2001 27.51 11.48 12.96 7.73 4.96 0.70 0.12 5.78 3.14 74.38
2002 30.26 11.17 13.16 7.66 4.89 0.51 0.11 5.83 2.92 76.52
2003 37.21 11.54 13.34 7.60 5.20 0.70 0.10 5.84 2.75 84.28
2004 32.97 11.63 13.69 7.28 5.48 0.73 0.11 5.77 2.61 80.27
2005 21.93 11.33 13.71 6.98 5.33 0.90 0.11 5.78 2.40 68.48
2006 32.88 11.62 13.90 6.79 5.39 0.79 0.10 5.79 2.46 79.71
2007 30.83 11.46 14.26 6.62 5.77 0.94 0.10 5.80 2.37 78.14
2008 24.25 10.80 13.60 6.41 6.04 1.03 0.09 5.93 2.28 70.42
2009 25.43 8.32 12.92 6.44 4.31 0.93 0.07 5.72 2.19 66.34
1) Other fuel use includes subgategories heating of buildings, other fuel use in agriculture, forestry and fisheries, other fuel use and fugitive emissions from fuels

In Finland, the Land Use, Land Use Change and Forestry sector (LULUCF) is a net sink, that is, removals from the atmosphere exceed emissions to the atmosphere. The net sink grew considerably from the year before, to 40.7 million tonnes of CO2 eq. The biggest carbon sink is the net growth of the growing stock. Forest growth has increased steadily in Finland as from the year 1990. Felling volumes have varied according to the annual market situation and demand. In 2009 market fellings collapsed by one fifth from the previous year, to 41 million cubic metres, which increased the net sink of the growing stock into over 49 million tonnes of CO2 eq. In the sector, the most significant emission sources were emissions from the soil of drained peatlands (in total, 15.4 million tonnes of CO2 eq.). The carbon absorbed by mineral soil amounted to 6.7 million tonnes of CO2 eq. Estimates of carbon stock changes in soil involve great uncertainties.

Emissions and removals of the LULUCF sector in Finland. Emissions and sinks as amounts corresponding to million tonnes of CO2 (emissions are positive figures, removals negative)

Year Forest land Cropland Grassland Wetlands Harvested
wood products
Land use,
land-use change
and forestry
(LULUCF)
1990 -21.19 5.45 0.57 1.08 -0.95 -15.04
1991 -35.83 4.82 0.55 1.09 0.31 -29.07
1992 -29.13 4.60 0.51 1.14 -0.22 -23.10
1993 -27.24 4.82 0.50 1.16 -0.09 -20.86
1994 -19.11 4.73 0.51 1.19 -0.76 -13.44
1995 -19.12 5.00 0.49 1.21 -0.87 -13.29
1996 -28.40 5.06 0.47 1.24 -1.05 -22.68
1997 -23.49 5.09 0.44 1.27 -2.12 -18.81
1998 -21.97 5.10 0.42 1.31 -1.77 -16.91
1999 -24.53 5.07 0.43 1.32 -2.04 -19.75
2000 -26.41 4.99 0.40 1.35 -1.27 -20.94
2001 -30.89 5.09 0.42 1.35 -0.31 -24.35
2002 -31.12 5.18 0.42 1.32 -0.44 -24.64
2003 -30.99 5.16 0.41 1.31 -0.89 -24.99
2004 -31.21 5.30 0.42 1.37 -0.83 -24.94
2005 -34.55 5.48 0.40 1.35 -0.34 -27.66
2006 -38.25 5.72 0.42 1.34 -0.45 -31.22
2007 -29.35 5.94 0.46 1.35 -1.73 -23.34
2008 -34.83 6.26 0.51 1.36 -0.31 -27.01
2009 -47.19 6.55 0.50 1.30 -1.71 -40.56

Source: Greenhouse gas inventory unit, Statistics Finland

Inquiries: Riitta Pipatti (09) 1734 3543, Tuija Lapveteläinen (09) 1734 3528, kasvihuonekaasut@stat.fi

Director in charge: Leena Storgårds

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Tables

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Updated 28.04.2011

Referencing instructions:

Official Statistics of Finland (OSF): Greenhouse gases [e-publication].
ISSN=1797-6065. 2009. Helsinki: Statistics Finland [referred: 26.5.2019].
Access method: http://www.stat.fi/til/khki/2009/khki_2009_2011-04-28_tie_001_en.html