Appendix table 1. Current expenditure on regular education system by type of expenditure 1995–2014

Type of expenditure Year   Change
2013-2014
1995 2000 2005 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
EUR million EUR million EUR million EUR million EUR million EUR million EUR million EUR million %
Pre-primary education 1) .. 94 269 312 323 342 347 352 1.6
Comprehensive school education 2) 2 379 2 734 3 413 4 120 4 231 4 363 4 492 4 538 1.0
Upper secondary general education 2) 429 503 600 695 713 727 737 738 0.1
Vocational education 3) 1 161 925 1 183 1 614 1 695 1 736 1 752 1 723 -1.7
Apprenticeship training 32 96 132 177 170 171 154 157 2.4
Polytechnic education 3) 145 525 704 896 921 928 912 874 -4.2
University education and research 4) 945 1 364 1 671 2 162 2 330 2 340 2 341 2 320 -0.9
Other education 5) 265 298 361 442 462 478 483 481 -0.5
Administration 143 161 190 242 238 227 229 222 -3.1
Financial aid for students 614 648 732 871 847 837 832 852 2.4
Total 6 113 7 348 9 253 11 532 11 930 12 149 12 278 12 257 -0.2
Current expenditure as a percentage of GDP, % 6.2 5.4 5.6 6.2 6.1 6.1 6.0 6.0  
1) Free of charge pre-primary education for 6-year-old children (pre-school education) in day-care centres and comprehensive schools started in August 2000. Prior to August 2000 expenditure on pre-primary education in comprehensive schools is included in expenditure on comprehensive school education.
2) Calculatory employers' contribution fees for pension funds on municipal teaching personnel have been added to the figures in the years 1995–2000. In 2000–2014 also includes comprehensive school and upper secondary general education arranged in folk high schools.
3) Expenditure on vocational and polytechnic education does not include small outlays.
4) Includes universities' external financing for research. Due to changes caused by the amended Universities Act, the data from 2010 onwards are not fully comparable with those on earlier years. Includes rents of the State Real Estate Board for only part of the year 1995. The figures for 2010 exclude transferable appropriations for universities' operating expenditure and for universities' joint expenditure.
5) Not including education leading to a qualification or degree in folk high schools in 2000–2014.

Source: Education. Statistics Finland

Inquiries: Vesa Hämäläinen 029 551 2594, Mika Tuononen 029 551 3504, koulutustilastot@stat.fi

Director in charge: Jari Tarkoma


Updated 11.5.2016

Referencing instructions:

Official Statistics of Finland (OSF): Educational finances [e-publication].
ISSN=1799-0963. 2014, Appendix table 1. Current expenditure on regular education system by type of expenditure 1995–2014 . Helsinki: Statistics Finland [referred: 17.11.2019].
Access method: http://www.stat.fi/til/kotal/2014/kotal_2014_2016-05-11_tau_001_en.html