Published: 18 December 2009

Number of alcohol-related deaths has remained almost unchanged

Number of alcohol-related deaths year 2008 has remained almost unchanged from year 2007. In the past two decades deaths by alcohol-related diseases and alcohol poisonings have doubled, and clearly more men among aged 15-64 now die of alcohol-related causes than of ischaemic heart disease.

A total of 49,090 persons, 24,451 men and 24,639 women, died in 2008.

The commonest disease of the circulatory organs, ischaemic heart disease, was the cause of every fourth death. Diseases of the circulatory organs caused 40 per cent of all deaths.

Tumours caused good 20 per cent of deaths. Lung cancer was the commonest type of cancer among men and breast cancer among women.

Dementia caused 14 per cent of women's and 6 per cent of men's deaths. The number of deaths caused by dementia has grown in the past few decades mainly due to the ageing of the populations. Mortality from dementia is clearly higher among women than among men, most likely because women live longer than men.

In 2008, accidents caused the death of 3,014 persons, of whom 2,048 were men and 966 women. Among men the commonest accidents leading to death were falls, alcohol poisonings and fatal traffic accidents. Among women the commonest fatal accidents were falls, the highest number of which happened to women over the age of 75.

The number of suicides in Finland was 1,033 in 2008. Men committed 77 per cent of them. There were 24 boys and 17 girls under the age of 20 and 46 men and 13 women over the age of 74 among the persons having committed suicide. Two-thirds of the persons who committed suicide were aged between 30 and 64.

A total of 119 persons, 79 men and 40 women, died as a result of violence in 2008. In a comparison of the EU-Statistics, men's mortality from violence is the seventh highest in Finland after the Baltic states, Macedonia, Bulgaria and Romania. Women's mortality from violence is the fourth highest in Europe after the Baltic states.

Number of deaths 2007 and 2008

Cause of death and age Total Males Females
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
Deaths total 49 093 49 090 24 805 24 451 24 288 24 639
- 15-64 years 10 848 10 864 7 629 7 614 3 219 3 250
Neoplasms 11 097 11 214 5 803 5 782 5 294 5 432
-15-64 years 2 874 2 908 1 547 1 592 1 327 1 316
Disease of circulatory system 20193 20 144 9 650 9 495 10 543 10 649
- 15-64 years 2 557 2 548 2 048 2 029 509 519
  Of which: Ischaemic heart diseases    11 887 11 761 6 058 5 913 5 829 5 848
   - 15-64 years 1 419 1 407 1 213 1 194 206 213
Alcohol related deaths 2 167 2 136 1 701 1 674 466 462
-15-64 years 1 796 1 775 1425 1 388 371 387
Accidental deaths (excl. alcohol poisoning) 2 484 2 470 1643 1 619 841 851
- 15-64 years 1 189 1 129 948 901 241 228
Suicides 995 1 033 751 801 244 232
15-64 years 817 867 618 677 199 190
Assaults, homicides 116 119 74 79 42 40
-15-64 -v. 100 108 69 74 31 34

Development of leading causes of deaths among aged 15 to 64

Altogether 7,614 men and 3,250 women died at working age (aged 15 to 64) in 2008.

Men's deaths from ischaemic heart disease have halved in the past two decades or so. Over the same time period, alcohol-related diseases and alcohol poisonings have doubled, and clearly more men now die of alcohol-related causes than of ischaemic heart disease. Other leading causes of death among men of working age are accidents and suicides. The number of suicides has fallen among working-age men in the past twenty years, although it has shown some increase in recent years.

The commonest causes of death among working-age women were various cancers, especially breast cancer, ischaemic heart disease and alcohol-related causes. In the past two decades mortality from breast cancer has fallen by some twenty per cent among working-age women. Over the same time period, women's deaths of alcohol-related causes have gone up by around 40 per cent and their number now clearly exceeds women's deaths of breast cancer and ischaemic heart disease. The number of suicides among women of working age has not changed appreciably in the past few decades and has even fallen in recent years.

Development of leading causes of deaths in 1988-2008 among men aged 15 to 64
Ischaemic heart disease, accidents, suicides and alcohol-related causes


Development of leading causes of deaths in 1988-2008 among women aged 15 to 64:
Alcohol-related causes, Malignant neoplasm of breast, Ischaemic heart disease and, Accidents

Source: Causes of Death Statistics 2008, Statistics Finland

Inquiries: Helena Korpi (09) 1734 3605, Jari Hellanto (09) 1734 3291, kuolemansyyt.tilasto@stat.fi

Director in charge: Jari Tarkoma

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Tables

Tables in databases

Appendix tables

Figures

Last updated 18.12.2009

Referencing instructions:

Official Statistics of Finland (OSF): Causes of death [e-publication].
ISSN=1799-5078. 2008. Helsinki: Statistics Finland [referred: 16.11.2018].
Access method: http://www.stat.fi/til/ksyyt/2008/ksyyt_2008_2009-12-18_tie_001_en.html