Data on wage and salary indices will be published by revised levels as new statistical classification of industries, TOL 2008, is being introduced
New publication levels according to TOL 2008
The standard industrial classification TOL 2008 will be introduced in wage and salary indices in March 2009 when data concerning January 2009 will be published.
Further information is available from Aki Niskanen, +358 9 1734 2657, email@example.com
Publication levels by industry:
A-X Whole economy
B, C, D, E Industry
G Wholesale and retail trade
H, I, J, L, M, N, R, S Services
K Financial and insurance activities
O-Q Public sector
P Education excl. public sector
Q Human health and social work activities excl. public sector
B, C, D, E Industry
B Mining and quarrying
07 Mining of metal ores
08 Other mining and quarrying
09 Mining support service activities
10 Manufacture of food products
11 Manufacture of beverages
13 Manufacture of textiles
14 Manufacture of wearing apparel
15 Manufacture of leather and related products
16 Manufacture of wood and of products of wood and cork, except furniture; manufacture of articles of straw and plaiting materials
17 Manufacture of paper and paper products
18 Printing and service activities related to printing
23 Manufacture of other non-metallic mineral products
24 Manufacture of basic metals
25 Manufacture of fabricated metal products
28 Manufacture of machinery and equipment n.e.c.
29 Manufacture of motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers
30 Manufacture of other transport equipment
31 Manufacture of furniture
32 Other manufacturing
33 Repair and installation of machinery and equipment
D = 35 Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply
E Water supply; sewerage, waste management and
36 Water collection, treatment and supply
Groups describing total industry
Manufacturing industries and mining and quarrying (BC)
Manufacturing industries (13, 14, 17, 20, 21, 24-30)
Other groups and main industrial groupings
Food industry (10-12)
Textile industry (13-15)
Wood and paper industry (16-17)
Chemical industry (19-22)
Manufacture of computer, electronic and optical products; manufacture of electrical equipment (26-27)
Metal industry (24-30)
Raw materials and productive goods (MIG): 7-9, 10.6, 10.9,
13.1-13.3, 16, 17, 20.1-20.3, 20.5, 20.6, 22-24, 25.5-25.7, 25.9,
26.1, 26.8, 27.1-27.4, 27.9
Energy products (MIG): 5, 6, 19, 35, 36
Investment goods (MIG): 25.1-25.4, 26.2, 26.3, 26.5, 26.6, 28, 29, 30.1-30.4, 32.5, 33
Durable goods (MIG): 26.4, 26.7, 27.5, 30.9, 31, 32.1, 32.2
Other consumer goods (MIG): 10.1-10.5, 10.7, 10.8, 11, 12, 13.9, 14, 15, 18, 20.4, 21, 32.3, 32.4, 32.9
41 Construction of buildings
42 Civil engineering
43 Specialised construction activities
G Total trade
45 Wholesale and retail trade and repair of motor vehicles and
45111, 45191, 4531, 45401 Wholesale trade of motor vehicles and motorcycles (incl. accessories, parts and tires)
45112, 45192, 4532, 45402 Retail trade of motor vehicles and motorcycles (incl. accessories, parts and tires)
452, 45403 Maintenance and repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles
46 Wholesale trade, except of motor vehicles and motorcycles
47 Retail trade, except of motor vehicles and motorcycles
4711, 472 Retail sale in non-specialised stores
4711 Retail sale in non-specialised stores with food, beverages or tobacco predominating
4719 Other retail sale in non-specialised stores
4721-4724, 4726, 4729 Retail sale in non-specialised stores with food, beverages or tobacco predominating
4725 Retail sale of beverages in specialised stores
473 Retail sale of automotive fuel in specialised stores
4741 Retail sale of computers, peripheral units and software in specialised stores
4742 Retail sale of telecommunications equipment in specialised stores
4771, 4772 Retail sale of clothing and footwear in specialised stores
4754, 4743 Retail sale of electrical household appliances and audio and video equipment in specialised stores
4752, 47532, 47596 Retail sale of hardware, paints and glass, and wall and floor coverings in specialised stores
4751, 47531, 47599, 47591-47594 Retail sale of furniture, lighting equipment, textiles and other household articles n.e.c. in specialised stores
4761, 4762 Retail sale of books, newspapers and stationery in specialised stores
47641 Retail sale of sporting equipment in specialised stores
47642 Retail sale of boats and boating accessories in specialised stores
4773-4775 Retail sale of dispensing chemists, medical goods and cosmetic and toilet articles in specialised stores
47761-47763 Retail sale of flowers, plants, seeds and fertilisers in specialised stores
4777 Retail sale of watches and jewellery in specialised stores
47783 Retail sale of optical equipment in specialised stores
4791 Retail sale via mail order houses or via Internet
Other retail sale
H, I, J, L, M, N, R, S Services
H Transportation and storage
49 Land and rail transport
50 Water transport
52 Warehousing and support activities for transportation
I Accommodation and food services
56 Food and beverage service activities
J Information and communication
58 Publishing activities
59 Motion picture, video and television programme production, sound recording and music publishing activities
60 Programming and broadcasting activities
62 Computer programming, consultancy and related activities
63 Information service activities
L Real estate activities
M Professional, scientific and technical
69-70 Legal and accounting activities; management consultancy activities
71 Architectural and engineering activities; technical testing and analysis
72 Scientific research and development
73 Advertising and market research
74 Other professional, scientific and technical activities
N Administrative and support service
77 Rental and leasing activities
78 Employment activities
79 Travel agency, tour operator and other reservation service and related activities
80 Security and investigation activities
81 Services to buildings and landscape activities
82 Office administrative, office support and other business support activities
R Arts, entertainment and recreation
S Other service activities
94 Activities of membership organisations
95 Repair of computers and personal and household goods
96 Other personal service activities
Detailed descriptions of the classes can be found on Statistics Finland's web pages under Classifications.
Use and comparability of data compiled by TOL 2008 and TOL 2002
During the transition period up to the middle of 2011, different statistics will use data classified by both TOL 2008 and TOL 2002. In cases where wage and salary series according to the old classification are used in conjunction with series according to the new classification, data according to the two different industrial classifications need to be combined.
The data of the wage and salary indices according to TOL 2002 and TOL 2008 can be compared as follows:
B Mining and quarrying corresponds nearly completely to TOL 2002 section C Mining and quarrying.
C Manufacturing corresponds mostly to TOL 2002 section D Manufacturing.The most significant changes in this section are:
- Repair of machinery has been separated from actual manufacturing into its own TOL 2008 two-digit level class 33 Repair and installation of machinery and equipment.
- In addition, repair activities included in certain manufacturing industries have been moved from manufacturing to two-digit level class 95 Repair of computers and personal and household goodsunder TOL 2008 section S Other service activities.
- TOL 2002 industry 37 Recycling has been moved to two-digit level class 38 Waste collection, treatment and disposal activities; materials recoveryunder TOL 2008 section E Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities.
- The publishing activity included in TOL 2002 industry 22 Publishing, printing and reproduction of recorded media has been moved completely away from manufacturing to TOL 2008 section J Information and communication.
TOL 2008 section D Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply matches TOL 2002 section E Electricity, gas and water supply nearly completely.
Section E Water supply; sewage, waste management and remediation activities is new and has no correspondent in TOL 2002. The new section includes activities from TOL 2002 sections D Manufacturing, E Electricity, gas and water supply, F Construction and O Other community, social and personal service activities.
Under TOL 2002 the published sum of wages and salaries in total industry consists of sections CDE, but in the revised classification it covers only the sections BC ("Manufacturing and mining and quarrying").
The number of published main industrial groupings, i.e. groupings of sections and their sub-sections will increase. Several national combination groups of the wages and salaries sum in industry have been published under TOL 2002 and their contents will remain nearly unchanged under the revised industrial classification. A new feature are the so-called MIGs (Main Industrial Groupings), which are common industrial groupings defined for the EU countries. The MIG's have been defined according to primary intended use.
F Construction corresponds almost fully with section F of TOL 2002.
TOL 2008 industry class 41 Construction of buildings is not identical with the similarly named building construction class of TOL 2002. The new industry of Construction of buildings corresponds with the TOL 2002 5-digit level class of General construction of buildings. Building installation and completion activities have been detached from the old industry for building construction and made into a new class 43 Specialised construction activities.
43 Specialised construction activities, is a new industry class in the Construction section. Specialised construction activities comprises the activities of Building installation, Building completion and Renting of construction or demolition equipment with operator that were classified under building construction in the old TOL 2002.
In the old industrial classification TOL 2002, civil engineering was comprised of 5-digit level classes 45110, 45120, 45219, 45230 and 45230. The Civil engineering industry (42) of TOL 2008 corresponds quite well with the collective respective classes of TOL 2002. TOL 2002 classes 45110 Demolition and wrecking of buildings; earth moving, and 4512 Test drilling and boring, have been relocated under Specialised construction activities (43) in TOL 2008.
An additional activity category coming from outside the TOL 2008 section of Construction is Development and selling of real estate, which is moved from Real estate, renting and business activities and relocated under both Building construction and Civil engineering. As such the change does not significantly raise the sum of wages and salaries in construction because large construction companies which are also developers have been classified under the Construction section of TOL 2002.
G Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles, corresponds almost fully with TOL 2002 section G Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles, motorcycles and personal and household goods.
The most significant change at the two-digit level is that retail sale of automotive fuel, which in TOL 2002 is class 505 under 50 Sale, maintenance and repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles; retail sale of automotive fuel, movesunder 47 Retail trade, except of motor vehicles and motorcycles in TOL 2008.
H Transportation and storage corresponds almost fully with TOL 2002 section I Transport, storage and communications, with the exception of three-digit level class 633 Activities of travel agencies and tour operators; tourist assistance activities n.e.c., which moves into TOL 2008 section N. TOL 2002two-digit level class 64 Post and telecommunications, becomes two-digit level class 53 Postal and courier activities in TOL 2008.
I Accommodation and food service activities corresponds with TOL 2002 section Hotels and restaurants.
Two-digit level classes move from sections of TOL 2002 to section J Information and communications of TOL 2008 as follows:
- 61 Telecommunications from section I Transport, storage and communication.
- 60 Programming and broadcasting activities from section O Other community, social and personal service activities.
- 62 Computer programming, consultancy and related activities (previously Computer and related activities) from section K, Real estate, renting and business activities.
- In addition, two-digit level class 58 Publishing activities, comprised of parts of the TOL 2002 two-digit level categories of 72 Computer and related activities and 22 Publishing, printing and reproduction of recorded media, moves under main section J Information and communication.
- Likewise, the Information and communication section includes two-digit level category 59 Motion picture, video and television programme production, sound recording and music publishing activities, which is comprised of parts of TOL 2002 two-digit level categories of 22 Publishing, printing and reproduction of recorded media and 92 Recreational, cultural and sporting activities.
L Real estate activities corresponds almost fully with two-digit level class 70 Real estate activities of section K Real estate renting and business activities of TOL 2002.
Two-digit level categories 74 Other business activities and 73 Research and development, of section K Real estate, renting and business activities, of TOL 2002 correspond with section M Professional, scientific and technical activities of TOL 2008. In TOL 2008, the respective classes are 72 Scientific research and development and 74 Other professional, scientific and technical activities.
In TOL 2008, section M also includes:
- 69 Legal and accounting activities
- 702 Management consultancy activities
- 71 Architectural and engineering activities; technical testing and analysis
- 73 Advertising and market research.
N Administrative and support service activities is comprised of the following two and three-digit level classes of section K Real estate, renting and business activities of TOL 2002:
- 71 Renting of machinery and equipment, etc.
- 746 Investigation and security activities of two-digit level class 74 Other business activities.
In addition, Administrative and support service activities in TOL 2008 comprises three-digit level class 633 Activities of travel agencies and tour operators; tourist assistance activities from section I Transport, storage and communication of TOL 2002.
In TOL 2008, the two and three-digit level classes in Administrative and support service activities are:
- 77 Rental and leasing activities
- 78 Employment activities
- 79 Travel agency, tour operator and other reservation service and related activities
- 80 Security and investigation activities
- 81 Services to buildings and landscape activities
- 82 Office administrative, office support and other business support activities.
Two-digit level class 92 Recreational, cultural and sporting activities of section O Other community, social and personal service activities of TOL 2002 corresponds with section R Arts, entertainment and recreation of TOL 2008.
Section S Other service activities of TOL 2008, is comprised of two-digit level categories 91 Activities of membership organisations and 93 Other service activities of main section O Other community, social and personal service activities, and three-digit level category 725 Maintenance and repair of office, accounting and computing machinery, of main section K Real estate, renting and business activities of TOL 2002.
In TOL 2008,two-digit level categories of Other service activities are 94 Activities of membership organisations, 95 Repair of computer and personal and household goods and 96 Other personal services activities.
TOL 2008 publication levels K Financial and insurance activities, O-Q Public sector, P Education and Q Human health and social work activities correspond as such to the 2002 classes.
Publishing of retrospective data by the TOL 2008 classification
Retrospective data starting from 1995 will be published on development in all of the industries listed above. Due to the change in base year, data for the year 2005 will be calculated on the basis of micro level data. Data for the years 1995-2004 and 2006-2008 will be compiled on a case-by-case basis using the most appropriate method; either by using previously published TOL 2002 data as such (if the contents of the old series correspond sufficiently well to the TOL 2008 series), by weighting together old TOL 2002 series, or by calculating on the basis of micro level data.
The accuracy of the retrospective data formed for the years 1995-2004 is nearly as good as that of previously published corresponding data. The accuracy of the data for 2005-2008 does not change in connection with the classification and base year revision.
Last updated 26.9.2008
Official Statistics of Finland (OSF):
Wage and salary indices [e-publication].
ISSN=1798-6125. Helsinki: Statistics Finland [referred: 18.4.2015].
Access method: http://www.stat.fi/til/ktps/ktps_2008-09-26_luo_001_en.html