Published: 20 May 2009

Record immigration and migration gain in 2008

According to Statistics Finland, 29,100 persons immigrated to Finland from foreign countries during 2008. The number is 3,100 higher than in the previous year and the highest during Finnish independence. Emigration from Finland increased slightly and was 13,650 persons. During 2008, net immigration totalled 15,450 persons, which is the highest number in the post-war period. In the last quarter of 2008, net immigration totalled 400 persons more than in the same quarter of the year before.

During the past eight years immigration into Finland from other EU countries has been higher than emigration from Finland to other EU countries. In 2008, Finland had a migration gain of 5,200 persons from EU countries. Immigration into Finland from other EU countries has been growing continuously since 1997. Emigration from Finland into other EU countries has remained stable during the past few years.

Migration between Finland and other EU countries 1992–2008

Migration between Finland and other EU countries 1992–2008

The number of intermunicipal migrations was 269,800 in 2008, which is 10,350 lower than in the previous year. Migrations decreased by 11,700 inside regions and increased by 1,300 between regions. When looking at migration inside the country, the region of Uusimaa had the largest migration gain (2,800 persons) and the region of Pirkanmaa the second largest gain (1,600 persons). As in the previous year, Kanta-Häme had the largest migration gain relative to the size of the population. Population losses from migration inside the country were largest in the regions of Kymenlaakso (1,000) and Lapland (850). The migration losses of Kainuu and Kymenlaakso were the largest relative to the size of the population. In 2008, intramunicipal migrations numbered 560,300, which is 27,850 (5%) fewer than in 2007.

Migration 1987–2008

Year     Type
  Intermunicipal in-migration      Intramunicipal migration Immigration     Emigration     Net migration  
1987 184,577 497,274 9,142 8,475 667
1988 195,743 458,585 9,720 8,447 1,273
1989 191,627 406,945 11,219 7,374 3,845
1990 178,280 388,294 13,558 6,477 7,081
1991 167,482 403,321 19,001 5,984 13,017
1992 160,876 439,825 14,554 6,055 8,499
1993 165,637 477,092 14,795 6,405 8,390
1994 200,876 478,195 11,611 8,672 2,939
1995 199,398 502,215 12,222 8,957 3,265
1996 217,901 541,422 13,294 10,587 2,707
1997 222,939 538,444 13,564 9,854 3,710
1998 239,118 573,525 14,192 10,817 3,375
1999 242,590 564,124 14,744 11,966 2,778
2000 244,133 543,591 16,895 14,311 2,584
2001 265,176 593,422 18,955 13,153 5,802
2002 257,469 576,801 18,113 12,891 5,222
2003 256,624 592,467 17,838 12,083 5,755
2004 266,347 598,304 20,333 13,656 6,677
2005 275,886 616,083 21,355 12,369 8,986
2006 273,538 592,028 22,451 12,107 10,344
2007 280,156 588,114 26,029 12,443 13,586
2008 269,792 560,281 29,114 13,657 15,457
  • The regional division in all years is the one valid on 1 January 2009.

Source: Population and Cause of Death Statistics. Statistics Finland

Inquiries: Matti Saari (09) 1734 3401, vaesto.tilasto@stat.fi

Director in charge: Jari Tarkoma

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Updated 20.5.2009

Referencing instructions:

Official Statistics of Finland (OSF): Migration [e-publication].
ISSN=1797-6782. 2008. Helsinki: Statistics Finland [referred: 16.7.2018].
Access method: http://www.stat.fi/til/muutl/2008/muutl_2008_2009-05-20_tie_001_en.html

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