Published: 28 December 2006

Production of electricity fell by 17 per cent in 2005

According to Statistics Finland's statistics on production of electricity and heat, electricity produced in Finland amounted to 67.8 terawatt hours (TWh) or 67.8 billion kilowatt hours (kWh) in 2005. The volume of electricity produced was 17 per cent lower than one year previously. District heat production totalled 32.6 TWh, which was slightly more than one per cent less than in the year before, and industrial heat production totalled 58.1 TWh, which was seven per cent less than in the year before.

The decreases in the production volumes of electricity and heat were due mainly to the increased imports of electricity, warmer weather than in the previous year and the industrial action in the forest industry.

Production of electricity and heat by production mode 2005

    Electricity District heat Industrial heat Total energy used1)
    TWh TWh TWh PJ
Separate production of electricity        
  Hydro power 13.6 - - 48.9
  Nuclear power 22.4 - - 243.9
  Wind power 0.2 - - 0.6
  Separate production of electricity by fuels 5.3 - - 58.0
  Total 41.4 - - 351.5
Combined heat and power production 26.4 25.3 44.2 427.6
Separate production of heat - 7.3 13.9 87.9
Total 67.8 32.6 58.1 867.0

1) Total energy used refers to the amounts of fuels used.
Hydro power and wind power were made commensurate with fuels according to directly obtained electricity (3.6 PJ/TWh) and nuclear energy at the efficiency ratio of 33 per cent from produced nuclear power (10.91 TJ/GWh).

The use of coal as a fuel in production of electricity and heat fell to less than one-half of the volume used in 2004. In separate production of electricity, the use of coal fell to roughly one-fourth of the 2004 volume. As the use of coal decreased, black liquor from the forest industry became the most used fuel in the production of electricity and heat. The use of nearly all kinds of fuels decreased.

The production of nuclear power grew slightly. In 2005, thirty-three per cent of electricity was produced with nuclear power. Twenty per cent of electricity was produced with hydro power, and the proportion of wind power grew to 0.3 per cent. Combined heat and power production accounted for 39 per cent of electricity produced.

Use of fuels in production of electricity and heat 2005

Source: Statistics on production of electricity and heat, Statistics Finland

Inquiries: Ms Minna Niininen +358 9 1734 3549, energia@stat.fi

Director in charge: Ms Kaija Hovi

Links: Statistics Finland's Energy production inquiry

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Last updated 28.12.2006

Referencing instructions:

Statistics: Production of electricity and heat [e-publication].
ISSN=1798-5099. 2005. Helsinki: Statistics Finland [referred: 21.10.2019].
Access method: http://www.stat.fi/til/salatuo/2005/salatuo_2005_2006-12-28_tie_001_en.html