Published: 21 October 2009

Electricity production with renewable energy sources grew by 15 per cent in 2008

Electricity production with renewable energy sources grew by 15 per cent in 2008 from the previous year, as the use of wood fuels turned upwards and production of hydro power kept growing, reaching new records. Thirty-one per cent of the electricity needed by Finland was produced with renewable energy sources. In the production of renewable electricity hydro power accounts for 60 per cent, black liquor from the forest industry for 19 per cent and wood fuels for 16 per cent.

Electricity production with renewable energy sources 2000-2008

Electricity production with renewable energy sources 2000-2008

In 2008, total electricity consumption in Finland amounted to 87.2 terawatt hours (TWh) or billion kilowatt hours (kWh). Of this consumption, 85 per cent was covered by domestic production and the remaining 15 per cent by imported electricity. Electricity is imported to Finland from the Nordic countries, Russia and Estonia.Electricity is also exported from Finland to the Nordic countries and Estonia.

In 2008, the volume of electricity produced in Finland amounted to 74.5 TWh. The volume was 3 per cent down on the year before. The production of district heat stayed on level with the previous year, and industrial heat production was four per cent down on the year before. District heat production amounted to 33.4 TWh and that of industrial heat to 59.4 TWh.

Thirty-six per cent of electricity was produced with renewable energy sources, 30 per cent with nuclear power and 27 per cent with fossil fuels. In electricity production, hydro power accounted for 23 per cent, natural gas for 15 per cent and coal for 11 per cent.

In terms of water conditions, the year 2008 was favourable in the Nordic countries; domestic production of hydro power grew by 21 per cent. The production of electricity with wood fuels grew by 28 per cent. The production of wind power went up by 38 per cent from the year before. The production of electricity with coal diminished by 37 per cent, and that produced with peat by 30 per cent. The consumption of both fell steeply in both combined heat and power plants and condensing power plants. The production of nuclear power decreased by 2 per cent.

Electricity produced with Nordic hydro power was amply available, so the production of domestic condensing power fell steeply by more than a third. The volume of electricity generated in combined heat and power production decreased by one per cent.

Combined heat and power production remained as the most significant mode of electricity generation; it accounted for 36 per cent of all electricity produced in 2008.

The past few years have been milder than the average, and in 2008 the need of heating energy remained on level with the year before. By contrast, the consumption of heat for industrial processes fell from the level of the year before due to the economic recession and decreased industrial production capacity.

Electricity and heat production by production mode in 2008

  Electricity, TWh District heat, TWh Industrial heat, TWh Total fuels used, PJ 1)
Separate production of electricity        
- Hydro power 16,9
- Wind power 0,3
- Nuclear power 22,1
- Condensing power 2) 8,8 87,9
- Total 48,0 87,9
Combined heat and power production 26,5 25,5 47,3 437,7
Separate heat production 7,9 12,1 85,7
Total production 74,5 33,4 59,4 611,3
Net imports of electricity 12,8
Total 87,2 33,4 59,4 611,3
1) In calculating total primary energy used, hydro power, wind power and net imports of electricity are made commensurate with fuels according to directly obtained electricity (3.6 PJ/TWh). Total nuclear energy used is calculated at the efficiency ratio of 33 per cent from produced nuclear power (10.91 PJ/TWh).
2) Condensing power includes condensing power plants, shares of condensing electricity of combined heat and power production plants, and peak gas turbines and similar separate electricity production plants.

The use of fuels in the production of electricity and heat decreased by 9 per cent in 2008. The use of coal and peat declined most, or by 33 and 20 per cent respectively. The use of oil and black liquor from forestry decreased as well. By contrast, the use of wood grew by 15 per cent.

Fuel use in electricity and heat production 2007 and 2008

Fuel use in electricity and heat production 2007 and 2008

Source: Source: Statistics on production of electricity and heat, Statistics Finland

Inquiries: Minna Niininen 09 1734 3549, energia@tilastokeskus.fi

Director in charge: Leena Storgårds

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Tables

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Appendix tables

Figures

Updated 21.10.2009

Referencing instructions:

Official Statistics of Finland (OSF): Production of electricity and heat [e-publication].
ISSN=1798-5099. 2008. Helsinki: Statistics Finland [referred: 17.6.2019].
Access method: http://www.stat.fi/til/salatuo/2008/salatuo_2008_2009-10-21_tie_001_en.html