Published: 29 October 2015

Production of electricity at its lowest level in the 2000s

The production of electricity in Finland amounted to 65.4 TWh in 2014. Production declined by four per cent from the previous year and hit its lowest level in the 2000s. Production of district heat and industrial heat also decreased slightly. The use of renewable fuels decreased by one per cent in the production of electricity and heat. The use of fossil fuels also diminished, as 24 per cent less hard coal and 14 per cent less natural gas was used than in 2013. By contrast, the use of peat increased by seven per cent. These data derive from the statistics on the production of electricity and heat compiled by Statistics Finland.

Production of electricity by production mode in 2000 to 2014

Production of electricity by production mode in 2000 to 2014

In 2014, the production of electricity in Finland amounted to 65.4 terawatt hours (TWh) or billion kilowatt hours (kWh). The production went down by four per cent from the year before. In turn, total electricity consumption went down by one per cent and amounted to 83.4 TWh. Of total electricity consumption, 78 per cent was covered by domestic production and 22 per cent by net imports of electricity from the Nordic countries, Russia and Estonia. Net imports of electricity grew by 14 per cent from the year before. Imports of electricity from the Nordic markets increased by nearly 50 per cent, as the water situation was better than in 2013.

In 2014, 34 per cent of domestic electricity production was based on combined heat and power production. Thirty-nine per cent of the total production of electricity was covered by renewable energy sources and 21 per cent by fossil fuels. Thirty-five per cent of electricity was produced with nuclear power and five per cent with peat. Over one-half of the electricity produced with renewable energy sources was produced with hydro power and almost all of the remainder with wood. The amount of electricity produced with renewable energy sources increased by two per cent from 2013 because the amount of electricity produced with hydro power grew by four per cent and that produced with wind power by 43 per cent. Correspondingly, the amount of electricity produced with wood decreased by two per cent. The amount of electricity produced with fossil fuels declined by 21 per cent from the year before, as the amount produced with hard coal fell by 25 per cent and that produced with natural gas by 21 per cent. By contrast, the amount of electricity produced with peat grew by eight per cent from 2013. There is great annual variation in the use of peat due to the weather dependency of peat production.

Electricity and heat production by production mode in 2014

  Electricity, TWh District heat, TWh Industrial heat, TWh Fuels used, PJ 1)
Separate production of electricity        
- Hydro power 13,2 - - -
- Wind power 1,1 - - -
- Nuclear power 22,6 - - -
- Condensing power 2) 6,3 - - 64,3
- Total 43,3 - - 64,3
Combined heat and power production 22,1 25,5 43,3 397,7
Separate heat production - 8,8 8,7 73,0
Total production 65,4 34,3 52,0 534,9
Net imports of electricity 18,0 - - -
Total 83,4 34,3 52,0 534,9
1) In calculating total primary energy used, hydro power, wind power and net imports of electricity are made commensurate with fuels according to directly obtained electricity (3.6 PJ/TWh). Total nuclear energy used is calculated at the efficiency ratio of 33 per cent from produced nuclear power (10.91 PJ/TWh).
2) Condensing power includes condensing power plants, shares of condensing electricity of combined heat and power production plants, and peak gas turbines and similar separate electricity production plants.

The production of district heat totalled 34.3 TWh in 2014. The production went down by one per cent year-on-year. The use of renewable fuels in the production of district heat grew by seven per cent from the year before. One-half of district heat was produced with fossil fuels, whose use fell, however, by six per cent from one year ago. District heat was produced most with wood fuels, coal and natural gas.

The production of industrial heat was 52 TWh in 2014. The production went down by one per cent from the year before. Over 70 per cent of heat produced by industry for its own needs was based on renewable fuels. The biggest users of industrial heat is the forest industry, which uses its own fuels in production, like black liquor and other wood fuels. In the chemical and metal industries, part of the use of heat is considered as direct fuel use, and is thus not visible in the production figures on heat.

The statistics on the production of electricity and heat cover almost the entire production of electricity connected to the grid. Small-scale production, like solar power is not yet included in the figures, but statistics compilation is being developed. The statistics do not cover small heat plants nor small-scale industrial heat production.

Links:

Statistics Finland’s heat production inquiry

Finnish Energy Industries


Source: Statistics on production of electricity and heat, Statistics Finland and Electricity statistics, Finnish Energy Industries

Inquiries: Minna Niininen 029 551 3549, Sami Hautakangas 029 551 3791, energia@stat.fi

Director in charge: Ville Vertanen

Publication in pdf-format (322.2 kB)

Tables

Tables in databases

Appendix tables

Figures

Updated 29.10.2015

Referencing instructions:

Official Statistics of Finland (OSF): Production of electricity and heat [e-publication].
ISSN=1798-5099. 2014. Helsinki: Statistics Finland [referred: 19.10.2017].
Access method: http://www.stat.fi/til/salatuo/2014/salatuo_2014_2015-10-29_tie_001_en.html

Share