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Published: 27 November 2009

Number of enterprises went up again in 2008

According to the Business Register of Statistics Finland, 320,952 enterprises operated in Finland in 2008. They provided jobs for 1,502,213 persons as either employees or self-employed persons. The total turnover of the enterprises was EUR 396.6 billion.

The number of enterprises increased by 12,035, or by approximately four per cent from 2007. In relative terms, the number of enterprises increased by most, or by 14 per cent in real estate activities. The number of manufacturing enterprises increased by least, or by only 0.3 per cent. In the economic activity of mining and quarrying the number of enterprises fell.

Personnel increased by 20,345 from the year before, which converts to a growth of one per cent. In absolute terms the number of personnel increased by most, or by 4,373 persons, in construction. In manufacturing, the number of personnel fell by 3,640 persons. In general terms, personnel increased in service activities and decreased in manufacturing, and in agriculture, forestry and fishery.

The total turnover of enterprises went up from the previous year’s EUR 374.6 billion to EUR 396.6 billion in 2008. The growth amounted to around six per cent, which was a couple of percentage points below the respective figure in the year before. The highest growth percentage of 19 per cent was recorded in the category of energy supply. Turnover grew by some three per cent in manufacturing and by six per cent in trade.

Ninety-nine per cent of all enterprises were small enterprises, i.e. employed fewer than 50 persons. The share of medium-size enterprises employing under 250 persons was 0.8 per cent while 0.2 per cent were large enterprises employing more than 250 persons. The small enterprises employed 46.4 per cent, medium-size enterprises 16.4 per cent and large enterprises 37.2 per cent of all personnel. However, the largest share, or 51.3 per cent, of the total turnover was generated by the large enterprises. She share of small enterprises was 32.6 per cent and that of medium-size enterprises 16.1 per cent. In relative terms the number of the very smallest enterprises employing fewer than five persons increased by most, or by 4.5 per cent, from the previous year. By contrast, personnel and turnover increased by most in large enterprises. The turnover of the medium-size enterprises contracted by good one per cent.

Around three per cent of the enterprises belonged to a group. These enterprises accounted for 53 per cent of the labour force and 74 per cent of the turnover of all enterprises. These shares were almost unchanged from the previous year.

According to the Business Register the total number of enterprise groups was 5,977. Among them, 1,709 were fully Finnish-owned, 597 were Finnish-owned multinational and 3,671 were foreign-owned. The groups provided jobs for 800,240 persons in Finland, of whom approximately 70 per cent worked for domestic groups.

Enterprises, and their personnel and turnover by economic activity 2008

Economic activity Enterprises Enterprise % Personnel Personnel % Turnover EUR million Turnover
%
A Agriculture, forestry and fishing 57 951 18 66 852 4 1 337 1) 0
B Mining and quarrying 968 0 4 382 0 1 221 0
C Manufacturing 23 290 7 382 014 25 150 644 38
F Construction 41 295 13 151 607 10 27 117 7
G Wholesale and retail trade, repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles 47 042 15 252 762 17 125 058 32
H Transportation and storage 22 885 7 136 723 9 22 106 6
I Accommodation and food service activities 10 923 3 53 318 4 5 488 1
J Information and communication 8 353 3 83 118 6 15 909 4
K Financial and insurance activities 4 464 1 45 762 3 .. 0
L Real estate activities 15 067 5 18 652 1 5 035 1
M Professional, scientific and technical activities 31 765 10 88 759 6 12 144 3
N Administrative and support service activities 12 559 4 104 768 7 8 623 2
Q Human health and social work activities 17 094 5 46 579 3 3 540 1
R Arts, entertainment and recreation 5 378 2 11 930 1 3 378 1
S Other services 17 442 5 24 501 2 1 418 0
Other (D, E, O, P,X) 4 476 1 30 488 2 13 574 3
Total 320 952 100 1 502 213 100 396 591 100
1) includes only forestry income

Source: Business Register. Finnish enterprises 2008, Statistics Finland

Inquiries: Tarja Jämsen (09) 1734 3344, yritys.rekisteri@stat.fi

Director in charge: Hannele Orjala

Tables

Tables in databases


Updated 27.11.2009

Referencing instructions:

Official Statistics of Finland (OSF): Finnish enterprises [e-publication].
2008. Helsinki: Statistics Finland [referred: 24.10.2019].
Access method: http://www.stat.fi/til/syr/2008/syr_2008_2009-11-27_tie_001_en.html