Published: 10 September 2015

Environmental taxes stayed nearly unchanged in 2013

The total sum of environmental taxes in 2013 was EUR 5.9 billion. The increase from the year before amounted to 0.2 per cent. Households paid EUR 2.6 million of environmental taxes, that is, a share of nearly 47 per cent. Other major payers were manufacturing and service activities, particularly transport and storage. Taxation was mainly directed to production and use of energy, and vehicles. Emission taxes had a small share of environmental taxes.

Environmental taxes by industry and tax type in 2013, EUR million

Environmental taxes by industry and tax type in 2013, EUR million

Environmental taxes paid by manufacturing increased from the previous year by around eight per cent, while those paid by service activities declined by four per cent, which drop fully concerned the industry of transport and storage. Environmental taxes paid by households remained on level with the previous year.

Environmental taxes accounted for around seven per cent of the entire tax revenue of the state. The share is slightly higher than the average for EU countries.

Environmental taxes by industry and tax type in 2013, EUR million

Industry (TOL 2008) Energy
taxes   
Transport
taxes 
Emissions
taxes
Resource
taxes
Environmental
taxes total
Agriculture, fishing and hunting 58.8 18.9 0.0 - 1) 77.7
Forestry 35.9 4.4 0.2 - 40.4
Mining and quarrying 30.6 2.7 0.0 - 33.4
Food industry 18.5 1.8 0.0 - 20.3
Forest industry 49.6 2.2 0.4 - 52.1
Manufacture of basic metals and metal products 41.4 3.6 0.0 - 45.0
Other manufacturing 36.9 10.9 0.2 - 48.1
Energy supply 265.7 22.6 0.1 - 288.4
Water supply and waste management 40.5 7.0 56.0 - 103.5
Construction 141.0 39.7 0.1 - 180.8
Trade 119.2 61.1 0.3 - 180.5
Land transport and transport via pipelines 516.9 54.4 0.6 - 571.9
Water transport 104.4 0.2 0.0 - 104.7
Air transport 31.1 1.6 0.0 - 32.7
Support activities for transportation, post 75.3 6.1 0.3 - 81.8
Real estate activities 259.2 26.9 0.1 - 286.2
Other service activities and administration 454.5 235.0 3.0 - 692.5
Households 1251.8 1299.7 12.8 23.0 2587.2
TOTAL 3985.7 1799.8 101.9 23.0 5910.5
1) Magnitude nil

Environmental taxes are comprised of energy taxes, transport taxes, emission taxes and resource taxes. Most of environmental taxes are energy taxes on electricity and fuels. One-third of environmental taxes are transport taxes levied from different kinds of vehicles. The majority of emission taxes is waste tax. Taxes paid on carbon dioxide emissions are included in energy taxes. Licence fees for hunting and fishing are resource taxes in Finland.


Source: Environmental taxes 2013, by industry, Statistics Finland

Inquiries: Juuso Peltola 029 551 2330, Jukka Muukkonen 029 551 3224, ymparisto.energia@stat.fi

Director in charge: Ville Vertanen

Publication in pdf-format (250.5 kB)

Tables

Tables in databases

Appendix tables


Updated 10.9.2015

Referencing instructions:

Official Statistics of Finland (OSF): Environmental and energy taxes [e-publication].
ISSN=2341-796X. by industry 2013. Helsinki: Statistics Finland [referred: 24.10.2019].
Access method: http://www.stat.fi/til/yev/2013/01/yev_2013_01_2015-09-10_tie_001_en.html