Published: 6 September 2018

Households paid over one-half of environmental taxes in 2016

The accrual of environmental taxes grew by 10 per cent from the year before to EUR 6.7 billion. Households' share of environmental taxes paid was 51 per cent. Taxes paid by households grew by 14 per cent from the previous year. The share of environmental taxes in Finland's total tax revenue is seven per cent, which is slightly higher than the average for EU countries.

Environmental taxes by industry and tax type in 2016, EUR million

Environmental taxes by industry and tax type in 2016, EUR million

The increase was most significant for transport taxes, which grew by 14 per cent year-on-year to EUR 2.1 billion. Transport taxes paid by households increased by 15 per cent, and represented 73 per cent of all transport taxes. The growth was mostly caused by the rise in vehicle tax.

Energy taxes increased by nine per cent from last year to EUR 4.5 billion. Energy taxes paid by households and energy supply grew most, by 14 per cent. Energy taxes paid by industry increased by 12 per cent. Households were the biggest payers of energy taxes, paying 41 per cent of all energy taxes. Increases in taxes on fuel oil, coal and natural gas contributed to the growth.

Emission taxes continued their decline, down by 33 per cent from the year before to EUR 49.4 million. The fall was influenced by the continuous increase in the burning of municipal waste that reduces the accrual of waste tax and by the ending of the temporary increase in oil protection fee that was in force from 2010 to 2015. As a result, emission taxes paid by water and waste management went down by 34 per cent and those paid by industry by 56 per cent.

Environmental taxes by industry and tax type in 2016, EUR million

  Energy taxes Transport taxes Emissions taxes Resource taxes Environmental taxes total
Industries          
Agriculture, fishing and hunting 55.5 12.6 0.0 . 1) 68.1
Forestry 36.3 5.2 0.3 . 41.8
Mining and quarrying 20.0 2.0 0.1 . 22.1
Food industry 16.5 2.0 0.0 . 18.5
Forest industry 39.6 2.6 0.4 . 42.6
Oil refining and manufacture of chemicals 158.0 1.5 10.7 . 170.2
Manufacture of basic metals and metal products 49.1 3.9 0.0 . 53.0
Other manufacturing 39.4 11.8 0.1 . 51.3
Energy supply 337.1 33.2 0.0 . 370.3
Water supply and waste management 36.8 16.1 21.0 . 73.9
Construction 157.8 47.3 0.1 . 205.2
Trade 108.9 55.8 0.1 . 164.8
Land transport and transport via pipelines 593.7 99.0 0.6 . 693.3
Water transport 112.5 0.2 0.0 . 112.7
Air transport 49.9 0.7 0.0 . 50.6
Support activities for transportation, post 101.7 6.4 0.2 . 108.3
Real estate activities 211.8 24.8 0.1 . 236.7
Other service activities and administration 528.2 231.4 2.6 . 762.2
Households 1 859.4 1 514.8 13.1 23.0 3 410.3
TOTAL 4 512.2 2 071.3 49.4 23.0 6 655.9
1) Magnitude nil

Environmental taxes are comprised of energy taxes, transport taxes, emission taxes and resource taxes. The majority of environmental taxes are energy taxes on electricity and fuels. One-third of environmental taxes are transport taxes levied from different kinds of vehicles, including vehicle tax and car tax. The majority of emission taxes is waste tax. Taxes paid on carbon dioxide emissions are included in energy taxes. Licence fees for hunting and fishing are resource taxes in Finland.


Source: Environmental taxes 2016, by industry, Statistics Finland

Inquiries: Juuso Peltola 029 551 2330, ymparistotilinpito@stat.fi

Director in charge: Ville Vertanen

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Tables

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Updated 7.9.2018

Referencing instructions:

Official Statistics of Finland (OSF): Environmental and energy taxes [e-publication].
ISSN=2341-796X. 2016. Helsinki: Statistics Finland [referred: 14.11.2018].
Access method: http://www.stat.fi/til/yev/2016/yev_2016_2018-09-06_tie_001_en.html