Documentation of statistics Culture
Basic data of the statistics
The contents extend to the topics of language and cultural minority groups, cultural heritage and tourism, different fields of arts, employment in arts and culture, cultural education, cultural events, cultural centres, participation in culture and finances and accessibility of culture. International comparison data are also included.
The data derive from Statistics Finland, institutions and associations in the field of culture as well as numerous other sources. The internal data sources of Statistics Finland include the Leisure Survey, the Time Use Survey, National Accounts, statistics on education, the Household Budget Survey, statistics on the finances of municipalities and joint municipal authorities, employment statistics, the Labour Force Survey, statistics on population structure and the Business Register. External sources of data and statistics include the Ministry of Education and Culture, Arts Promotion Centre Finland, Theatre Info Finland, Finnish Heritage Agency, Finnish Publishers Association, National Library of Finland, Finnish Film Foundation, Association of Finnish Symphony Orchestras, IFPI Finland, and Finland Festivals. A small proportion of the data, such as those on art and cultural fairs, cinema and photographic centres, cultural centres and cultural periodicals, are obtained with own collection. The sources are described in detail in connection with each table.
The population of employed persons in the field of culture is formed of the employed persons in the Labour Force Survey during the year and, on the other hand, of the employed persons in the Labour Force Survey at the end of each year. Of these, those classified in the source statistics as belonging to the field of culture are included.
The population of students in the field of culture consists of the students in education statistics. Of these, those classified in the source statistics as belonging to the field of culture are included.
Unit of measure
The reference period for the statistics on cultural education is the situation on 20 September of the statistical reference year concerning students in education leading to a qualification or degree. Completers of qualifications and degrees refer to completers of a vocational qualification, a university of applied sciences degree or a university degree during the statistical reference year from 1 January to 31 December. For business statistics the reference period is one year.
However, the database tables contain one entity containing data for one regional level and the table service contains six regional sets of statistics. Tables 12.5 and 12.6 of the cultural statistics table service contain imports and exports in the field of culture.
Section 14 of the cultural table service also contains international data.
The classification of education in the field of culture complies with the National Classification of Education and can be found on the home page of the statistics: http://stat.fi/til/klt/2018/02/klt_2018_02_2020 - 04 28_lii_001.pdf.
Kulttuurialan koulutusluokitus noudattaa Kansallista koulutusluokitusta ja löytyy tilaston kotisivuilta: http://stat.fi/til/klt/2018/02/klt_2018_02_2020-04-28_lii_001.pdf. Kulttuurialan koulutusluokitus on osajoukko Kansallisesta koulutusluokituksesta. Se löytyy sivustolta:
The basic publication Cultural education covers the period 2010 to 2020.
The periods covered by the cultural table services vary, as do those of the cultural statistics database table by region.
Frequency of dissemination
Tables in the table service concerning the regional accessibility of culture are updated every two years in odd years.
Accuracy, reliability and timeliness
Other sample-based source data for the statistics are Use of information and communications technology by individuals, the Leisure Survey, as well as the Time Use Survey and the Household Budget Survey. Their reliability is indicated in the methodological releases of the source data.
Comparability - geographical
Comparability - over time
Coherence - cross domain
Coherence - internal
In other respects, the data are separate and there are no coherence problems between the sources.
Source data and data collections
Frequency of data collection
Principles and outlines
Contact organisation unit
Legal acts and other agreements
Statistics Finland compiles statistics in line with the EU’s regulations applicable to statistics, which steer the statistical agencies of all EU Member States.
Further information: Statistical legislation
Confidentiality - policy
Further information: Data protection | Statistics Finland (stat.fi)
Further information: Publication principles for statistics at Statistics Finland
Accessibility and clarity
Statistical data are published as database tables in the StatFin database. The database is the primary publishing site of data, and new data are updated first there. When releasing statistical data, existing database tables can be updated with new data or completely new database tables can be published.
In addition to statistical data published in the StatFin database, a release on the key data is usually published in the web service. If the release contains data concerning several reference periods (e.g. monthly and annual data), a review bringing together these data is published in the web service. Database tables updated at the time of publication are listed both in the release and in the review. In some cases, statistical data can also be published as mere database releases in the StatFin database. No release or review is published in connection with these database releases.
Releases and database tables are published in three languages, in Finnish, Swedish and English. The language versions of releases may have more limited content than in Finnish.
Information about changes in the publication schedules of releases and database tables and about corrections are given as change releases in the web service.
Data revision - policy
Revisions – i.e. improvements in the accuracy of statistical data already published – are a normal feature of statistical production and result in improved quality of statistics. The principle is that statistical data are based on the best available data and information concerning the statistical phenomenon. On the other hand, the revisions are communicated as transparently as possible in advance. Advance communication ensures that the users can prepare for the data revisions.
The reason why data in statistical releases become revised is often caused by the data becoming supplemented. Then the new, revised statistical figure is based on a wider information basis and describes the phenomenon more accurately than before.
Revisions of statistical data may also be caused by the calculation method used, such as annual benchmarking or updating of weight structures. Changes of base years and used classifications may also cause revisions to data.
Further information: Quality management | Statistics Finland (stat.fi)
In terms of Statistics Finland's source statistics, quality assessment of cultural statistics is mainly done in these statistics. Coherence analyses between different source data are carried out regularly. In terms of other source data of cultural statistics, the quality assessment is mainly based on examination of major changes and checking the results together with the data producers.
Quality management requires comprehensive guidance of activities. The quality management framework of the field of statistics is the European Statistics Code of Practice (CoP). The frameworks complement each other. The quality criteria of Official Statistics of Finland are also compatible with the European Statistics Code of Practice.
Further information: Quality management | Statistics Finland (stat.fi)
Further information: Publication principles for statistics
Are you looking for previously published documentation?
The documentation released before 5.4.2022 can be found on the archive pages of the statistics.Go to the archive page