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Published: 21 November 2019

Energy consumption in households fell further in 2018

Korrigering 18.6.2020. De korrigerade punkterna är markerade med rött.

The energy consumed in housing amounted to close on 66 terawatt hours (TWh) in 2018. Consumption fell by close to one TWh from the previous year. The weather was warmer than in the previous year, which decreased the need for heating energy. The number and volume of dwellings increased further. Consumption of indoor space heating fell by two per cent from 2017 to 2018. The energy consumption of household appliances went up by two per cent. The data are based on Statistics Finland's statistics on energy consumption in households.

Energy consumption in households 2011-2018. The figure was corrected  on 18 June 2020.

Energy consumption in households 2011-2018. The figure was corrected  on 18 June 2020.

Heating of residential buildings amounted to close on 68 per cent of energy consumption in housing, heating of domestic water to 15 per cent and heating of saunas to five per cent. The share of electrical equipment, cooking and lighting was 13 per cent. Housing accounted, on average, for 20 per cent of the final energy consumption. Housing also includes free-time residences.

One-third of energy consumption in housing was electricity in 2018. Nearly one-third of consumption was district heat and good one-fifth wood. Close on 23 TWh of electricity was consumed; the consumption has remained more or less unchanged for three years. Forty-eight per cent of electricity was used to heat indoor areas and 36 per cent to household appliances. The remainder of electricity was used to heat domestic water and saunas.

Heating of residential buildings consumed 44 TWh of energy in 2018. Consumption decreased by two per cent from the previous year. The most common sources of energy for heating indoor spaces were district heat, wood and electricity, the share of which was 82 per cent of the energy consumption for heating indoor spaces. The next most common energy source was heat pump energy.

The use of heat pumps for heating has grown significantly from the start of the millennium. This is visible as growth in both heat pump energy and electricity use of heat pumps. Heat pump energy refers to the energy extracted with heat pumps from the environment. The electricity use of heat pumps is included in electricity consumption of heating in the statistics on energy consumption in households.

In addition to the area to be heated and the energy efficiency of the building stock, the need for heating energy is also affected by the outdoor temperature. Its changes are monitored with heating degree days. The year 2018 was warmer than 2017, although both were clearly colder than the record warm year 2015.

Around 3 TWh of energy was used for heating saunas in 2018. Nearly two-thirds of energy were wood and good one-third electricity. The energy consumption of heating domestic water was 10 TWh.

The energy consumption of household appliances, that is, cooking, lighting and other electrical equipment, was good eight TWh in 2018. Appliances accounted for close on 13 per cent of the entire housing energy. One percentage point of this was used on cooking, that is, using cookers and ovens, and good two percentage points on lighting. The remaining good nine percentage points were used in other electrical equipment. They include small appliances for cooking, refrigeration equipment, washing machines, tumble dryers, televisions and computers with their accessories, lifts, and car interior heating.

With respect to the consumption of heating energy in indoor spaces, domestic water and saunas, the statistics on energy consumption in households are based on Statistics Finland's calculation model where various sources were utilised. Part of the data have been estimated as the interval between the inquiries used as data sources has become longer.

The concepts of the statistics correspond to the divisions of the European Union's Regulation on energy statistics concerning energy use in households. Based on the division, heating of indoor spaces and domestic water, cooking, electrical equipment, and heating of saunas are reported separately.

Source: Energy consumption in households 2018, Statistics Finland

Inquiries: Virve Rouhiainen 029 551 3395,

Director in charge: Jan Nokkala

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Updated 21.11.2019

Referencing instructions:

Official Statistics of Finland (OSF): Energy consumption in households [e-publication].
ISSN=2323-329X. 2018. Helsinki: Statistics Finland [referred: 2.10.2023].
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