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Published: 27 June 2018

Total energy consumption rose by 9 per cent in January to March

According to Statistics Finland's preliminary data, total energy consumption in January to March amounted to 404 petajoule (PJ), which was nine per cent more than in the corresponding period in 2017. Electricity consumption amounted to 26 terawatt hours (TWh), which was seven per cent more than one year earlier. Carbon dioxide emissions of the energy sector rose by 18 per cent year-on-year.

Total energy consumption

Total energy consumption

The cold weather in the early part of the year increased particularly the consumption of fossil fuels. The consumption of peat went up by as much as 47 per cent. However, wood fuels remained the most significant fuel with their 25 per cent share in total energy consumption.

The volume of electricity produced with hydro power was 30 per cent higher than in January to March 2017. Net imports of electricity fell by three per cent and accounted for 20 per cent of total electricity consumption. Electricity produced with nuclear energy increased by 10 per cent and its share of all domestic electricity production stood at seven per cent. The production of solar power almost quadrupled, but its share of electricity production was still extremely small.

In January to March, diverse energy products were imported into Finland to the value of EUR 2.7 billion, which was 16 per cent more than one year earlier. Most energy products were imported from Russia, whose share of the value of imports was 63 per cent. Energy products were exported to the value of EUR 1.3 billion, which was 19 per cent more than one year previously. Most energy products were exported from Finland to EU countries, which accounted for 77 per cent of the value of exports.

Stocks of coal amounted to 10.7 TWh at the end of March, which was 26 per cent less than one year earlier. At the end of March, it was estimated that the peat stocks contained 1.3 TWh of energy peat, or 88 per cent less than one year earlier.

Total energy consumption by source (TJ) and CO2 emissions (Mt)

Energy source I/2018* Annual change-%* Percentage share of
total energy consumption*
Oil 1) 80,398 7 20
Coal 2) 38,259 8 10
Natural gas 3) 30,107 16 7
Nuclear energy 4) 65,501 1 16
Net imports of electricity 5) 18,605 -3 5
Hydro power 5) 15,091 30 4
Wind power 5) 5,223 10 1
Peat 29,916 47 7
Wood fuels 99,881 5 25
Others 6) 21,356 25 5
Bunkers 11,254 11 .
CO2 emissions from energy sector 14 18 .
* = Preliminary data
. = Category not applicable
1) Oil: includes the bio part of transport fuels.
2) Coal: includes hard coal, coke, blast furnace gas and coke oven gas.
3) The consumption of natural gas does not include raw material use.
4) Conversion of electricity generation into fuel units: Nuclear power: 10.91 TJ/GWh (33% total efficiency)
5) Conversion of electricity generation into fuel units: Hydro power, wind power and net imports of electricity: 3.6 TJ/GWh (100%)
6) Others: includes exothermic heat from industry, recovered fuels, heat pumps, hydrogen, biogas, other bioenergy and solar energy.

Source: Statistics Finland, Energy supply and consumption

Inquiries: Ville Maljanen 029 551 2691,

Director in charge: Ville Vertanen

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Revisions in these statistics

Updated 27.6.2018

Referencing instructions:

Official Statistics of Finland (OSF): Energy supply and consumption [e-publication].
ISSN=1799-7976. 1st quarter 2018. Helsinki: Statistics Finland [referred: 16.4.2024].
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