Building stock 2013

Most of the building stock was residential buildings

At the end of 2013 there were 1,484,000 buildings in Finland (excluding free-time residences and agricultural buildings). Most of the building stock, particularly residential buildings was built after the 1970s. The gross floor area of the building stock totalled about 455 million square metres. The average gross floor area of all buildings was about 307 square metres; in other than residential buildings the average gross floor area was about 778 square metres. Residential buildings accounted for 63 per cent of the total gross floor area.

Table 2. Number of buildings by intended use in 2013

                 Buildings Per cent of total buildings (%)
BUILDINGS TOTAL 1 483 990 100,0
A.Residential buildings 1 265 547 85,3
Detached houses 1 128 366 76,0
Attached houses 78 751 5,3
Blocks of flats 58 430 3,9
C-N Other bulldings 218 443 14,7
C Commercial buildings 42 704 2,9
D Office buildings 10 881 0,7
E Traffic buildings 56 197 3,8
F Institutional buildings 8 520 0,6
G Buildings for assembly 13 899 0,9
H Educational buildings 8 888 0,6
J Industrial buildings 42 245 2,8
K Warehouses 29 443 2,0
L,N Other bulldings 5 666 0,4

The building stock grew by 9,000

There were 1,484,000 buildings in Finland at the end of 2013. The building stock grew by 9,300 from the year before. The number of buildings has increased by 322,000, or by about 28 per cent, from 1990. There are about 77,000 old buildings completed prior to 1921, i.e. only five per cent of the building stock. Three-quarters of the building stock were detached houses. Blocks of flats and terraced houses accounted for only one-tenth of the total number of buildings. Blocks of flats accounted for about one-third of the total gross floor area of all residential buildings.

Two-thirds one-storey buildings

67 per cent of the building stock were one-storey buildings. That is because three-quarters of the building stock were detached houses. One and two-storey buildings account for altogether 95 per cent of the total building stock. A total of 3.6 million, i.e. 68 per cent, of the population in Finland live in buildings with one or two storeys. There were 27,000 buildings with four storeys or more and just over one million (1,150,000) Finns lived in them. Buildings with ten storeys and more are quite rare. There are approximately 300 such landmarks in Finland, 200 of them blocks of flat.


Source: Buildings and Free-time Residences, Statistics Finland

Inquiries: Topias Pyykkönen 09 1734 2628 ( 9.6.2014 => 029 551 2628 ), Marja Hermiö 09 1734 3211, Arja Tiihonen 09 1734 3272, asuminen@stat.fi

Director in charge: Harala Riitta


Updated 23.5.2014

Referencing instructions:

Official Statistics of Finland (OSF): Buildings and free-time residences [e-publication].
ISSN=1798-6796. 2013, Building stock 2013 . Helsinki: Statistics Finland [referred: 10.12.2019].
Access method: http://www.stat.fi/til/rakke/2013/rakke_2013_2014-05-23_kat_002_en.html