News 4 Dec 2023

Statistical Yearbook of Finland – portrayer of our time

The Statistical Yearbook of Finland 2023 provides an extensive overview of statistics on Finland and Finnish society. The Yearbook contains long time series that give an overall picture of the development of our society right up to today.

The Yearbook contains the latest statistical time series, regional statistics and comparison data from other countries. In addition, the Yearbook includes statistics from other producers of official statistics. The Yearbook is trilingual (Finnish, Swedish, English) and it has altogether 450 tables, statistical graphs or thematic maps.
Infographics. In 2022: Population 5 563 970 persons. In 2022: Live births 44 951. In 2022: Deaths 63 219. 1.1.2023: Population density, 18.3 inhabitants/km2. In 2022: Size of household-dwelling unit: 1 person 46 per cent, 2 persons 32 per cent, 3 or more persons 22 per cent. In 2022: Industrial structure, share of the employed: Services and administration 74 per cent, industry and construction 21 per cent, agriculture and forestry 4 per cent. Preliminary data in 2022: GDP 48 344 euro per inhabitant. Sources: Statistics Finland.

We selected some pieces of information from the Yearbook for the statistical reference year 2022. 

Ageing population

  • At the end of 2022, the population of Finland was 5,563,970, of whom 23 per cent were aged 65 or older. 
  • The life expectancy of newborn girls was 83.8 years and that of boys 78.6 years. 
  • In all, 49,998 persons moved to Finland and 15,635 persons emigrated from the country. 
  • Altogether 159,966 Finns had dual citizenship, six per cent of whom were aged 65 or over.
  • A total of 21,942 marriages were entered into in Finland and every third of them in July or August. In all, 11,370 marriages ended in divorce. 
  • Old-age pension was started by 53,675 persons and disability pension by 17,869 persons.

Forty-six per cent of household-dwelling units are living alone

  • Of the population, 71 per cent were living in the area of the 50 biggest municipalities in 2022. The population of the biggest municipalities in Finland grew by 8.7 per cent from the year before. 
  • At the end of the year, 1,306,125 persons were living alone, 46 per cent of household-dwelling units. 
  • The total number of persons living in overcrowded conditions was 852,499. 
  • The total number of dwellings was 3.2 million, 54 per cent of which were owner-occupied dwellings and 33 per cent rental dwellings.
  • Forty-seven per cent of household-dwelling units lived in blocks of flats.

Number of wage and salary earners 2.3 million

  • The total number of employed persons aged 15 to 74 was 2.6 million in 2022. The total number of unemployed persons was 190,000 and the rate of unemployment 6.8 per cent. 
  • The rate of employment for the population aged 20 to 64 was 78.1 per cent. 
  • There were 2.3 million employees, of whom 1.6 million were employed in full-time work.
  • Around 1.9 million students studied in 2,999 educational institutions. Altogether 220,280 qualifications were attained, of which 68,295 were vocational qualifications.  

Visits to museums show huge growth

  • A total of 6.9 million visits were made to museums in 2022, the number of visits grew by 2.5 million from the previous year. Museums had 909 exhibitions. 
  • There were 724 libraries and 124 mobile libraries in Mainland Finland. 
  • Cinemas had 217 premieres, 54 of which had been produced in Finland. 
  • There are 14,513 protected areas in Finland, of which 41 are national parks and 19 strict nature reserves. 


Statistical Yearbook of Finland 2023 can be ordered from PunaMusta Oy’s online store and customer service, tel. +358 10 230 8375. The Yearbook can also be downloaded in PDF format in the Doria service.

Further information: Planner Sirkku Hiltunen tel. +358 29 551 6373