Research and development

Producer: Statistics Finland
Main topic: Science, Technology and Information Society
Related topics: Enterprises
Official Statistics of Finland (OSF): Yes
European Statistical System (ESS): Yes


The statistics on research and development describe the resources used for research, and for product and process development. R&D data are examined by sector, region and sub-regional unit. The statistics are based on data obtained from enterprises, universities, central university hospitals, polytechnics and public sector organisations. The OECD and EU recommendations are observed in the compilation of the statistics. The Statistics Act (280/2004) is applied in the production of the statistics on science and technology (incl. research and development). In addition, Commission Regulation (EC) No 753/2004 requires collection of data and steers the compilation of the statistics.

Data content

Data on R&D personnel and R&D staff-years by gender, education and work task; R&D expenditure by type of expenditure, by source of funding, by industry, product group and field of science.

Classifications used

The classifications used in the statistics are:

  • Industry
  • Municipality, sub-regional unit, region
  • Sector
  • Field of science.

Data collection methods and data sources

The data are collected on questionnaires from enterprises, public sector organisations, universities, central university hospitals and polytechnics.

Data collections

Updating frequency

Annually since 1997.

Time of completion or release

Data are released approximately 10 months from the end of the statistical reference year. Exact release dates are reported in the Release Calender at

Time series

From 1971 onwards. Changes in the definitions and collection methods affect the comparability of the time series.


business enterprises, expenditure, information society, institutions of higher education, product development, research activities, research expenditure, research institutes, universities

Contact information

Last updated 24.10.2014