Published: 28 January 2011
The share of total general government expenditure of gross domestic product (GDP) was 56.3 per cent in 2009. The share of total general government expenditure of GDP has last been this big in 1997. In 2008 the share was 49.3 per cent. The share of total general government expenditure of GDP was increased by both a considerable, over seven per cent fall in nominal GDP and by the still continuing growth in general government total expenditure. General government total expenditure increased by 5.7 per cent in 2009.
Consolidated Total Expenditures by Function, General Government, 2008–2009
|Function||Year||Million euro||Ratio to GDP, %|
|G0 All functions||2008||91 121||49,3|
|G01 General public services||2008||12 191||6,6|
|G02 Defence||2008||2 770||1,5|
|G03 Public order and safety||2008||2 451||1,3|
|G04 Economic affairs||2008||8 672||4,7|
|G05 Environmental protection||2008||586||0,3|
|G06 Housing and community amenities||2008||778||0,4|
|G07 Health||2008||13 005||7,0|
|G08 Recreation, culture and religion||2008||2 079||1,1|
|G09 Education||2008||10 935||5,9|
|G10 Social protection||2008||37 654||20,4|
In 2009 the biggest general government expenditure item was social protection with its GDP share of nearly 24 per cent. Over EUR 32 billion of social expenditure were social benefits. In 2009 nearly ten per cent more social benefits were paid than in the previous year. The second largest share of expenditure, or eight per cent of GDP went to health care.
General government consumption expenditure grew by 3.9 per cent in 2009, i.e. clearly slower than total expenditure. Consumption expenditure depicts current expenses incurred to general government from production of services.
General government total expenditure here refers to general government consolidated expenditure. Consolidated expenditure excludes property expenditure, capital transfers and income transfers between general government sub-sectors. Since total expenditure is in nature gross expenses, it includes in the case of the local government sector, for instance, acquisitions made by municipalities from their own municipal enterprises. These acquisitions are correspondingly visible in total revenue as well.
Source: National Accounts, Statistics Finland
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Director in charge: Ari Tyrkkö
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